Colchagua (histerical province)

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Provincia de Colchagua
Government of Colchagua's headquarters
Government of Colchagua's headquarters
Colchagua Province
Colchagua Province in 1903
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Coordinates: 34°41′S 71°09′W / 34.683°S 71.150°W / -34.683; -71.150Coordinates: 34°41′S 71°09′W / 34.683°S 71.150°W / -34.683; -71.150
Country Chile
CapitalSan Fernando
Comunas15 (See list)
 • TeepProvincial
 • IntendantHernán Rodríguez (1975, final)
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST)

The histerical province o Colchagua wis one o the regions o Chile, bitween 1826 an 1976. Its capital wis located i San Fernando during most o its existence. For some years, Curicó an Rancagua were capitals o Colchagua.

Histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The province o Colchagua wis ane o the former, primitive eicht provinces o Chile (Coquimbo, Aconcagua, Santiago, Colchagua, Maule, Concepción, Valdivia, an Chiloé) creatit bi the federal laws o 31 January 1826. Its territory comprisit former delegations o Colchagua, Curicó an Talca.[1] The province wis sanctionit bi the 1828 Constitution.

Durin its early years, Colchagua wis dividit intae the departments o San Fernando (cap. San Fernando), Curicó (cap. Curicó), an Talca (cap. Talca).

I 1833, a new Constitution reorganizit the kintra, creatin departments, subdelegations an districts as lower entities o provinces. Later thon year, bi law datit August, the department o Talca wis separatit tae create the province o Talca, an i 1834, the department o Caupolicán wis created, wi Rengo as its capital.

Althouch the title o provincial capital wis disputit bi San Fernando, Curicó an Talca, dependin on the desirit residence o the intendant, a September 1840 decree establishit San Fernando as the definitive capital.

I 1865, the department o Curicó wis separatit from Colchagua, i order tae create the province o Curicó.

On 17 September 1925, bi Law Decree N.° 529, the department o San Vicente wis created, separatit from Caupolicán.[2]

I 1928, the government o Carlos Ibáñez del Campo decidit tae reorganize the provinces o Chile, bi Decree wi Law Force n.° 8.582 datit 28 January 1929. The new province o Colchagua incorporatit the departments o Rancagua (cap. Rancagua) an Cachapoal (cap. Peumo), originally from the province o O'Higgins, an the department o Santa Cruz (cap. Santa Cruz), which belongit tae the province o Curicó.[3]

Because o public discontent, the former provinces o O'Higgins an Colchagua were re-establishit bi Law 5.376, i January 1934. Colchagua kept the departments o San Fernando an Santa Cruz. I 1973, under the government o Salvador Allende, the department o Cardenal Caro wis creatit (cap. Marchigüe).[4]

I July 1974, a new reform took place, directit bi the military dictatorship o Augusto Pinochet, wha creatit regions. On 1 January 1976, the new VI Región (Sixth Region) came intae existence, wi the territory o former provinces o O'Higgins an Colchagua. Former departments o San Fernando, Santa Cruz an Cardenal Caro were supressit. I 1979, the region wis renamit Vi Región del Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins (Sixth Region o Liberator General Bernardo O'Higgins, i short, region o O'higgins). Its territory comprises current provinces o Cachapoal, Colchagua an Cardenal Caro.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. V. Pérez-Rosales, 1857. "Essai sur le Chili". Hambourg : F.H. Nestler & Melle, 1857. 455 p.
  2. Patrimonio Tagua Tagua. "San Vicente de Tagua Tagua". Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  3. LeyChile, Norma 5656, Version 1928-02-01, DFL 8582: Decreto que fija la nueva división territorial de la República, Ministerio del Interior de Chile, accessed 15 Nov. 2014