The Borgia faimily (Spainyie: Borja or Borjia) wis a faimily that became prominent durin the Renaissance in Italy. They wur frae Valencia, the name comin frae the faimily fief o Borja, then in the kinrick o Aragon, in Spain.
The Borgias became prominent in ecclesiastical an poleetical affairs in the 15t an 16t centuries, producin twa papes, Alfons de Borja who ruled as Pape Callixtus III durin 1455–1458 an Rodrigo Lanzol Borgia, as Pape Alexander VI, durin 1492–1503.
Especially durin the reign of Alexander VI, they wur suspected of many crimes, includin adultery, simony, theft, bribery an murther (especially murther bi arsenic poisonin). Acause o their graspin for pouer, they made enemies o the Medici, the Sforza, an the Dominican friar Savonarola, amang ithers. They wur patrons o the airts who contributit tae the Renaissance an aw.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Arsenic: A Murderous History. Dartmouth Toxic Metals Research Program, 2009