Vogtlandkreis

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Vogtlandkreis
Destrict
Kintra  Germany
State Saxony
Adm. region Chemnitz
Caipital Plauen
Area
 • Total 1,412 km2 (545 sq mi)
Population (31 Dizember 2011)[1]
 • Total 241,643
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration V
Website http://www.vogtlandkreis.de

The Vogtlandkreis is a Landkreis (rural destrict) in the soothwast o the Free State o Saxony, Germany, at the borders tae Thuringie, Bavarie, an the Czech Republic. Neebourin destricts are (frae sooth clockwise) Hof, Saale-Orla, Greiz, Zwickau an Erzgebirgskreis. Plauen is the admeenistrative center o the destrict.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Vogtland became pairt o the Holy Roman Empire in the 12t century bi keeng Conrad III. In 1209 the meenister dynasty admeenistratin the aurie split intae three lines, Weida, Greiz an Gera-Plauen. When the central power ower the aurie decreased these leaders, cried in Laitin advocatus or in German Vögte coud rise frae admeenistrators tae actual coonty leaders. 1354-1357 the Vogtland war endit these leadership an the aurie chyngit awnership tae Bohemie.

In 1546 Henry IV frae Plauen got the aurie frae the Bohemie keeng an later emperor Ferdinand I. His childer did no anerlie inherit the land, but vera heich debt an aw, so tae pay these 1563 the aurie wis bocht bi Saxony frae Henry VI, an when in 1569 Henry VI feenally ceased tae claim awnership the new leadership creatit the first Vogtland destrict (Voigtländischen Creiß).

1657-1718 Saxony wis split intae pairts, the Vogtland belangit tae Saxe-Zeitz. In 1835 the new constitutional monarchy chyngit the admeenistration an abolished the auld destrict, an insteid the Amtshauptmannschaft Plauen wis creatit, an in 1867 those o Auerbach an Oelsnitz. 1907 the ceety o Plauen left the destrict an became destrict-free ceety.

1952 the East German govrenment wi the big admeenistrative reform renamit them tae Kreise (districts), an creatit the new destricts Klingenthal an Reichenbach bi decreasin the size o the previous anes. Efter the German Reunification the chynges o the 1952 reform wur maistly undone, an in 1996 the 5 destricts wur mergit tae form the Vogtlandkreis.

In the destrict reform o 1 August 2008 the toun o Plauen wis includit intae the destrict.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Vogtlandkreis is namit efter the geographic aurie it covers, the Vogtland. Locatit in the Erzgebirge it contains a lot o forests. The main river is the Weiße Elster.

Fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first German cosmonaut, Sigmund Jähn wis born in the Vogtland. His hametoun, the sma toun o Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, in the municipality Muldenhammer, hooses a sma Space Exploration exhibition.

Coat o airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coat of arms The lion on the left side o the coat o airms is traditional seembol o the Vögte o Weida, Gera an Plauen, which wis confirmit in 1294. The eagle on the richt side staunds for the Holy Roman Empire, as the Vogtland belangit tae the Empire directly.

Touns an municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Touns Municipalities
  1. Adorf
  2. Auerbach
  3. Bad Elster
  4. Elsterberg
  5. Falkenstein
  6. Klingenthal
  7. Lengenfeld
  8. Markneukirchen
  9. Mühltroff
  10. Mylau
  11. Netzschkau
  12. Oelsnitz
  13. Pausa
  14. Plauen
  15. Reichenbach im Vogtland
  16. Rodewisch
  17. Schöneck
  18. Treuen
  1. Bad Brambach
  2. Bergen
  3. Bösenbrunn
  4. Eichigt
  5. Ellefeld
  6. Erlbach
  7. Grünbach
  8. Heinsdorfergrund
  9. Limbach
  10. Mühlental
  11. Muldenhammer
  12. Neuensalz
  1. Neumark
  2. Neustadt
  3. Pöhl
  4. Reuth
  5. Rosenbach
  6. Steinberg
  7. Theuma
  8. Tirpersdorf
  9. Triebel
  10. Weischlitz
  11. Werda
  12. Zwota

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]