Bautzen (destrict)

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Bautzen
Wokrjes Budyšin
Destrict
Kintra Banner o Germany Germany
State Saxony
Adm. region Dresden
Caipital Bautzen
Area
 • Total 2,390.7 km2 (923.1 sq mi)
Population (31 Dizember 2011)[1]
 • Total 318,618
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration BZ
Website http://www.landkreis-bautzen.de

The destrict o Bautzen (German: Landkreis Bautzen, Upper Sorbian: Wokrjes Budyšin) is a destrict in the state o Saxony in Germany. Its lairgest touns are Bautzen, Bischofswerda, Kamenz, Hoyerswerda an Radeberg. It is the biggest destrict in Saxony in aurie, an is a member o the Neisse Euroregion.

It is bordered tae the sooth bi the Czech Republic. Clockwise, it borders the destrict o Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge an aw, the destrict-free ceety o Dresden, the destrict o Meißen, the state o Brandenburg, an Görlitz destrict

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun o Bautzen

Historically maist o the Upper Lusatie belangit tae Bohemie. Efter the end o the Thirty Years' War it became a pairt o Saxony. Anerlie the sma toun o Schirgiswalde remained Bohemie till 1809.

The destrict wis established in 1994 bi mergin the umwhile destricts o Bautzen an Bischofswerda. The district o Kamenz an the destrict-free ceety o Hoyerswerda wur mergit intae the destrict in August 2008.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict o Bautzen is pairt o the region o Upper Lusatie (Oberlausitz). The sooth o the destrict is occupee'd bi the Lusatie Muntains, an the kintraside slopes awa tae the north.

The Spree river enters the destrict frae the sootheast an runs through Schirgiswalde an Bautzen afore leavin tae the north. North o Bautzen, the river is dammed bi a reservoir (Talsperre Bautzen, 5.5 km²).

At its widest, the destrict is 65km east-wast, an 63km north-sooth.

Touns an municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipalities in BZ.svg
Touns Municipalities
  1. Bautzen (Budyšin)
  2. Bernsdorf
  3. Bischofswerda
  4. Elstra
  5. Großröhrsdorf
  6. Hoyerswerda (Wojerecy)
  7. Kamenz (Kamjenc)
  8. Königsbrück
  9. Lauta (Łuty)
  10. Pulsnitz
  11. Radeberg
  12. Schirgiswalde-Kirschau
  13. Weißenberg (Wospork)
  14. Wilthen
  15. Wittichenau (Kulow)
  1. Arnsdorf
  2. Bretnig-Hauswalde
  3. Burkau (Porchow)
  4. Crostwitz (Chrósćicy)
  5. Cunewalde
  6. Demitz-Thumitz
  7. Doberschau-Gaußig (Dobruša-Huska)
  8. Elsterheide (Halštrowska hola)
  9. Frankenthal
  10. Göda (Hodźij)
  11. Großdubrau (Wulka Dubrawa)
  12. Großharthau
  13. Großnaundorf
  14. Großpostwitz (Budestecy)
  15. Guttau (Hućina)
  1. Haselbachtal
  2. Hochkirch (Bukecy)
  3. Laußnitz
  4. Lichtenberg
  5. Königswartha (Rakecy)
  6. Kubschütz (Kubšicy)
  7. Lohsa (Łaz)
  8. Malschwitz (Malešecy)
  9. Nebelschütz (Njebjelćicy)
  10. Neschwitz (Njeswaćidło)
  11. Neukirch/Lausitz
  12. Neukirch (bei Königsbrück)
  13. Obergurig (Hornja Hórka)
  14. Ohorn
  15. Oßling
  1. Ottendorf-Okrilla
  2. Panschwitz-Kuckau (Pančicy-Kukow)
  3. Puschwitz (Bóšicy)
  4. Räckelwitz (Worklecy)
  5. Radibor (Radwor)
  6. Ralbitz-Rosenthal (Ralbicy-Róžant)
  7. Rammenau
  8. Schmölln-Putzkau
  9. Schönteichen
  10. Schwepnitz
  11. Sohland an der Spree
  12. Spreetal (Sprjewiny doł)
  13. Steina
  14. Steinigtwolmsdorf
  15. Wachau

Coat o airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coat of arms The destrict's airms are identical tae the airms o the margravate o Upper Lusatie. The coat o airms wis established aboot 1350, when sax touns o Upper Lusatia foondit a confederacy. This loose alliance became a margravate unner the Bohemie croun in 1378.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Landkreis Bautzen at Wikimedie Commons