Tafilah

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Tafilah (Tafila)
مدينة الطفيلة
Tophel (in Edomite)
Ceety
Tafilah is located in Jordan
Tafilah (Tafila)
Tafilah (Tafila)
Coordinates: 30°50′24″N 35°36′0″E / 30.84000°N 35.60000°E / 30.84000; 35.60000
Kintra Jordan
Province Tafilah Governorate
Foondit 1100 B.C.
Municipality established 1914
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Mayor Khalid Huneifat
Area
 • Ceety 18.518 km2 (7.150 sq mi)
 • Metro 38.771 km2 (14.970 sq mi)
Elevation 940 m (3,080 ft)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Metro 38,428
Time zone GMT +2
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Area code(s) +(962)3
Website http://www.tafila.jo
for the veelage in Yemen see Tafilah, Yemen

At-Tafilah (an aa spelled Tafila) (Arabic: الطفيلة‎) is a sma ceety wi a population o 39,000 fowk in soothren Jordan, locatit 183 kilometers (114 mi) soothwast o Amman. It is the caipital ceety o Tafilah Govrenorate. It is well-kent for haein green gardens which contain olive an fig trees, an grape-vines. The ceety o Tafilah wis first built bi the Edomites an wis cried Tophel.

There are mair than 360 natural springs in the at-Tafilah aurie, includin the natural reservoir o Dana an hot natural springs at Afra an Borbeata. There are twa phosphate an cement mines in at-Tafilah which are ane o the kintra's main income sources.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

As ither pairts o the Levant, signs o inhabitation in Tafilah Govrenorate hae been foond datin frae the Palaeolithic periods. In 1984 a team o archeologists frae the University o Arizona discovered Stane tuils estimatit at 90,000 years auld in caves in Ain Defla an Hessa. Although nae human remains coud iver be foond datin frae that era, the discoveries o prehistoric tools supplied scientists wi muckle information aboot human ceevilization stages in the Levant

The auldest kent civilization tae establish a kinrick on Tafilah soils wis the kinrick o Edom, the ceety o Tafilah lies on the ruins of the Edomite ceety o Tophel. The caipital o Edom wis at Busairah 23 Km tae the sooth o Tafilah. The Edomites aften allied wi their neighbors in Moab. Tafilah wis then annexed tae the Nabatean kinrick who haed their caipital in Petra, follaeing the Roman invasion, it wis ruled bi the Ghassanids, unner Rome's authority.

Tafilah then came unner Muslim rule, but wis for a brief period o time, unner the Crusader rule.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

There is ane university in Tafilah, Tafila Technical University, the university wis foondit in 1986 as a university college. The college then expandit tae a university in 2005. the university as o the academic year 2009/2010 includes sax colleges.[2]

Districts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The city of Tafilah is organized into six districts:

  • Al Ees (منطقة العيص)
  • Al Baqee' (منطقة البقيع)
  • Wadi Zaid (منطقة البقيع)
  • Aimah (منطقة عيمه)
  • Al Hussein (منطقة الحسين )
  • Ain Al Baidha (منطقة العين البيضاء)

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Although Tafilah Govrenorate is rich in its history, whaur it wis the land o the auncient kinrick o Edom, it haes ane o the lawest number o tourists in Jordan. This is due tae the fact that Tafilah is a "locked ceety", i.e. the internaitional hieways dae no pass through or nearbi the ceety, the twa internaitional hieways connectin north tae sooth Jordan are the Dead Sea hieway (Highway 65) an the Desert Hieway (Hieway 15), tae go tae Tafilah frae the Desert Highway, ane must take hieway 60 wast at Jurf Al Darawish.

Housomeivver, Tafilah Govrenorate is rich in its natural resources, Copper reserves in the govrenorate are estimatit at ane million tons, an hauf million tons o Manganese. While Phosphate minin is ane o the main industries in the govrenorate.

The touns in Tafilah govrenorate are maistly locatit at elevations exceedin 1000m abuin sea level. In the year 2008 there wis a total aurie o 42.210 Km2 o fruit an olive farms in Tafilah Govrenorate o which mair than 31 Km2 wur olive farms. In the tourism section, Tafilah depends maistly on the naitional tourists frae ither pairts o the kinrick who visit the hot water springs an the natural reserves in the govrenorate.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 30°50′24″N 35°36′0″E / 30.84000°N 35.60000°E / 30.84000; 35.60000