Shoubak

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Shoubak
مدينة الشوبك
Town
Shoubak is located in Jordan
Shoubak
Shoubak
Coordinates: 30°31′53″N 35°33′39″E / 30.53139°N 35.56083°E / 30.53139; 35.56083
Kintra Jordan
Province Ma'an Govrenorate
Municipality established 2001
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Mayor Abdul Rahman Turah
Area
 • Metro 15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 1,330 m (4,360 ft)
Population (2004)[2][3]
 • Town 12,500
Time zone GMT +2
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Area code(s) +(962)3
Website http://www.shoubak.gov.jo

Shoubak (Arabic: الشوبك‎) is a municipality that lees at the north wastren edge o the Ma'an Govrenorate, bordered wi Tafilah Govrenorate an Aqaba Govrenorate. It haes a population o 12500. At ane o the heichest elevations abuin sea level in Jordan, this municipality is famous for apple an fruit farms.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shoubak wis first settled bi the Edomites who haed their caipital in Busaira in neighborin Tafilah Govrenorate. It wis then settled bi the Nabateans.

Shoubak became a Nahia in 1894, an wis admeenistratively belangin tae the then-Ottoman Kerak depairtment. In 1973, it wis ranked up tae a Qadaa, in the 31st Admeeniastrative Diveesions Seestem o 1995, Shoubak became a full depairtment athin Ma'an Govrenorate benefitin frae the decentralization program.

Shoubak is kent for the Montreal (Crusader castle). Alang wi Petra an Aqaba, Shoubak forms the third heid o this triangle that lees on the cross road atween Sirie, Arabie an Egyp. Its unique heich elevation (1330m abuin sea level) gave it a strategic importance.

The importance o Shoubak reached its peak efter Baldwin I o Jerusalem teuk control o it, cuttin the ruits atween Egyp an Sirie, the famous Montreal castle wis built on top o a hill there in 1115. Shoubak wis then annexed tae the Ayyubid sultanate bi Saladin in 1187.

Geography an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shoubak is kent for its cauld winters

Shoubak is locatit at an aurie borderin Tafilah Govrenorate tae the north an Aqaba Govrenorate tae the wast. It is admeenistrativley in Ma'an Govrenorate. Due tae its heich elevation, Shoubak is famous for its cauld freezin winters, an due tae its location at the borders o the Arabie desert, it haes a dry simmer saison. The average annual rainfaw in Shoubak is in the range 150-350mm.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Naitional census o the year 2004 showed that the total population o Shoubak wis 12590 persons, o whom 5666 wur males (45%) an 6924 are females constitutin 55% o the total population. There wur 1663 households with an average of 5 persons/household. Almost the entire population are Muslims.[4]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

View frae the Montreal Castle

Agricultur forms the major source o income for Shoubak, follaeed bi tourism. Benefitin frae its heich altitude o mair than 1300 m abuin sea level, the kintraside o Shoubak extends to about 189 km2 o olive, vegetable an fruit ferms, mainly apple ferms surroondin an athin the toun o Shoubak, resultin in the ceety spannin a relatively lairge aurie. There are 129 honey bee ferms in the toun's kintraside, makkin it a major producer o honey.[5]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

The college o agricultur o Balqa Applied University is locatit in Shoubak. The Regional Center o Agricultural Research an Technology Transport is locatit in Shoubak an aw.

Famous fowk frae Shoubak[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dr. Eid Dahiyat, Meenister o Education

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Shoubak Municipality
  2. Shoubak Municiplaity
  3. http://web.archive.org/web/20071001091211/http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-110&srt=npan&col=aohdq&pt=c&va=&srt=pnan
  4. [1]
  5. Shoubak Municipality