Qarshi

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Qarshi
Қарши
Kok-Gumbaz mosque in Qarshi
Qarshi is located in Uzbekistan
Qarshi
Qarshi
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 38°52′N 65°48′E / 38.867°N 65.800°E / 38.867; 65.800
Kintra Banner o Uzbekistan Uzbekistan
Province Qashqadaryo Province
Population (1999)
 • Total 197,600

Qarshi (Uzbek: Qarshi / Қарши; Persian: نخشب; Mongolian: Харш‎; Roushie: Карши‎) is a ceety in soothren Uzbekistan. It is the caipital o Qashqadaryo Province an haes a population o 197,600 (1999 census estimate). It is aboot 520 km sooth-soothwast o Tashkent, an aboot 335 km north o Uzbekistan's border wi Afghanistan. It is locatit at latitude 38° 51' 48N; langitude 65° 47' 52E at an altitude o 374 meters. The ceety is important in natural gas production, but Qarshi is an aa famous for its production o woven flat carpets.


History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oreeginally the Sogdian ceety o Nakhshab, an the Islamic Persian ceety o Nasaf, Qarshi wis the seicont ceety o the Emirate o Bukhara. It is in the center o a fertile oasis that produces wheat, cotton, an silk an wis a stop on the 11 day caravan route atween Balkh an Bukhara. The Chagatai Mongol khans Kebek an Qazan built palaces here on the site o Genghis Khan's simmer pasture[1]. In 1364, Timur an aa built a fortified palace wi moats in wha is nou the soothren pairt o the ceety. The modren name "Qarshi" means fort.

Wi the decline o Shahrisabz in the 18t century, Qarshi grew in importance, an wis the seat o the Croun Prince tae the Emirate o Bukhara. The ceety haed a double set o walls, 10 caravanserais an 4 madrassahs durin this time. Bi 1868, the Roushies haed annexed the Zarafshan Valley, an in 1873, the treaty turnin Bukhara intae a Roushie protectorate wis signed in Qarshi, muckle tae the dismay o the Emir's son, Abdul Malik, who teuk tae the hills in rebellion.

In the early 1970s, the first section o a major irrigation project wis completit tae divert water frae the Amu Darya River in Turkmenistan eastward intae Uzbekistan in order tae irrigate the land surroondin Qarshi. Amaist aw o these irrigatit lands aroond Qarshi are plantit wi cotton.

Points o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Khoja Adbul Aziz Madrassah - lairgest in toun, nou hoosin the Regional Museum
  • Rabiya Madrassah - a late 19t century female madrassah
  • Kok Gumbaz Mosque - part of a 16t century complex o biggins
  • World War II Memorial - Perhaps ane o the ex-Soviet Union's maist monumental monuments

Coordinates: 38°52′N 65°48′E / 38.867°N 65.800°E / 38.867; 65.800

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Grousset, pp. 341-2 states that both khans used Qarshi as a capital

References[eedit | eedit soorce]