Pyinmana (Burmese: ပျဉ်းမနားမြို့; MLCTS: pyanymna: mrui., pronounced: [pjìɴmná mjo̰]; population: 100,000 (2006 estimate)) is a loggin toun an sugar cane refinery center in Mandalay Region o Myanmar. The admeenistrative caipital o Myanmar wis offeecially moved tae a militarised greenfield steid (which the leader, Than Shwe, dubbed Naypyidaw, or Ryal Ceety) twa miles (3.2 km) wast o Pyinmana on November 6, 2005. Pyinmana is approximately 200 miles (320 km) north o Yangon. The veelage o Yezin, a few miles north an east o Pyinmana, haes been the steid o naitional scientific research institutions syne the late 1970s.
Durin Warld War II, Pyinmana wis the base o the Burma Unthirldom Airmy (later renamed an reorganized intae the Burma Defence Airmy bi the Japanese). It wis in Pyinmana that the airmy an its officers wur trained. Later the Burma Naitional Airmy chynged sides, aidin the Allies wi guerrilla warfare, an the operations wur seen as a victory bi the Burmese. Pyinmana became an icon in the Burmese Airmy whaur it wis seen as the place whaur 'superior invaders' wur defeatit bi the Burmese.
This mey be ane o the reasons why the junta chose tae locate Naypyidaw in such close proximity tae Pyinmana.