Pontypridd

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For ither uisses, see Pontypridd (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°36′07″N 3°20′31″W / 51.602°N 3.342°W / 51.602; -3.342

Pontypridd
Pontypridd New Bridge.jpg
Pontypridd
Pontypridd is located in Wales2
Pontypridd
Pontypridd

 Pontypridd shown within Wales
Population 29,781 
OS grid reference ST075895
Principal aurie Rhondda Cynon Taf
Ceremonial county Mid Glamorgan
Kintra Wales
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Post toun PONTYPRIDD
Postcode destrict CF37
Diallin code 01443
Polis Sooth Wales
Fire Sooth Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Pairlament Wales
UK Pairlament Pontypridd
Welsh Assembly Pontypridd,
South Wales Central Electoral Region
Leet o places
UK
Wales

Pontypridd /pɒntəˈprð/ is baith a commonty an a principal toun o Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales an is situatit 12 miles/19 km north o the Welsh caipital ceety o Cardiff. Pontypridd is aften abbreviatit "Ponty" bi local residents.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pontypridd comprises the electoral wairds o Cilfynydd, Glyncoch, Graig, Graigwen, Hawthorn, Pontypridd Town, 'Rhondda', Rhydyfelin Central/Ilan (Rhydfelen), Trallwng (Trallwn) an Treforest (Trefforest).

The toun sits at the junction o the Rhondda an Taff / Cynon glens, whaur the River Rhondda flows intae the Taff immediately sooth o the toun at Ynysangharad War Memorial Park.[1] Pontypridd commonty haed a population o 29,781 accordin tae census figurs gathered in 2001.[2] while Pontypridd toun itsel wis recordit as haein a population o 2,919 an aw as o 2001.[3]

The toun lees alangside the dual carriagewey north-sooth A470, atween Cairdiff an Merthyr Tydfil. The A4054, runnin north an sooth o the toun, wis the umwhile main road, an like the A470, follaes the Taff Valley. Sooth o the toun is the A473, for Llantrisant an Pencoed. Tae the west is the A4058, which follaes the River Rhondda tae Porth an the Rhondda ayont.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Pontypridd is frae "Pont-y-tŷ-pridd" the Welsh for "brig bi the yirden hoose", a reference tae a succession o firthen brigs that umwhile spanned the River Taff at this point.

Old Bridge[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pontypridd is notit for its Old Bridge, a stane construction athort the River Taff built in 1756 bi William Edwards. This wis Edward's third attempt an at the time o construction wis the langest single-span stane airch brig in the warld. Risin 35 feet (11 m) abuin the level o the river, the brig forms a perfect segment o a circle, the chord o which is 140 feet (43 m). Notable featurs are the three holes o differin diameters throu each end o the brig, the purpose o which is tae reduce wicht. On completion, questions wur suin raised as tae the utility o the brig, the steepness o the design makkin it difficult tae get horses an cairts athort. As a result a new brig, the Victoria Bridge paid for bi public subscription, wis built adjacent tae the ald ane in 1857. Pontypridd wis kent as Newbridge frae shortly efter the construction o the Old Bridge till the 1860s.

Old Bridge, datin frae 1756

Coal[eedit | eedit soorce]

The history o Pontypridd is closely tee'd tae the coal an airn industries, prior tae the developments o these Pontypridd wis lairgely a landwart backwater comprisin a few fermsteids, wi Treforest initially becomin the main urban dounset in the aurie. Sited as it is at the junction o the three glens, it became an important location for the transportation o coal frae the Rhondda an airn frae Merthyr Tydfil, first via the Glamorganshire Canal an later via the Taff Vale Railway, tae the ports at Cairdiff, Barry an tae Newport. Acause o its role in transportin coal cargo, its railwey platform is thocht tae hae ance been the langest in the warld durin its heyday.[4] Pontypridd wis in the seicont hauf o the 19t century a hive o industrie, an wis ance elk-namit the ‘Wild West’.[5] Thare wur several collieries athin the Pontypridd aurie itsel, includin:

Pontypridd durin an early 1910s coal strike
  • Albion Colliery, Cilfynydd
  • Bodwenarth Colliery, Pontsionnorton
  • Daren Ddu Colliery, Graigwen & Glyncoch
  • Dynea Colliery Rhydyfelen
  • Gelli-whion Colliery, Graig
  • Great Western/Gyfeillion Colliery, Hopkinstown
  • Lan Colliery, Hopkinstown
  • Newbridge Colliery, Graig
  • Pen-y-rhiw Colliery, Graig
  • Pontypridd/Maritime Collieries, Graig & Maesycoed
  • Pwllgwaun Colliery/'Dan's Muck Hole', Pwllgwaun
  • Red Ash Colliery, Cilfynydd
  • Ty-Mawr Colliery, Hopkinstown & Pantygraigwen
  • Typica Colliery, Hopkinstown & Pantygraigwen and
  • Victoria Colliery, Maesycoed

As well as the deep mined collieries thare wur mony coal levels an trial shafts dug intae the hill sides owerleukin the toun frae Cilfynydd, Graig, Graigwen an Hafod. The Albion Colliery in the veelage o Cilfynydd in 1894 wis the steid o ane o the wirst explosions athin the Sooth Wales coalfield, wi the daith o 290 colliers (see Keir Hardie).

Airn an Steel[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ither instrumental industries in Pontypridd wur the - Brown Lenox/Newbridge Chain & Anchor Works sooth east o the toun, an Crawshay’s Forest Iron, Steel & Tin Plate Works an the Taff Vale Iron Works, baith in Treforest near the nou Varsity o Sooth Wales.

Biggins[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun is hame tae a lairge hospital, Dewi Sant Hospital.

Pontypridd commonty[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Cilfynydd Commercial Hotel in Cilfynydd.
St. David's Church in Hopkinstown.

Pontypridd commonty is made up o the toun o Pontypridd an its immediate suburbs, dounsets an veelages.

Suburb/Dounset/Veelage
Cilfynydd
Coedpenmaen (Coed-Pen-Maen)

The common

Glyntaff (Glyn-Taff)
Glyncoch
Graig & Pen-y-Rhiw
Graigwen & Pantygraigwen
Hawthorn (Y Ddraenen-Wen)
Hopkinstown (Trehopcyn)
Maesycoed (Maes-y-Coed)
Pontsionnorton (Pont Sion Norton)
Pontypridd Common & Pentrebach
Pwllgwaun
Rhydyfelin (Rhydfelen) & Ilan
Trallwn (Trallwng)
Treforest (Trefforest)
Trehafod, East
Upper Boat (Glan-Bad)

Transport links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pontypridd came intae bein acause o transport, as it wis on the drovers route frae the sooth Wales coast an the Bristol Channel, tae Merthyr an onwairds intae the hills o Brecon. Awtho initial expansion in the glens occurred at Treforest due tae the slower speed o the River Taff at that point, the establishment o better brig biggin meant a natural flow o pouer tae Pontypridd.

Railwey[eedit | eedit soorce]

Railwey station

The establishment o Pontypridd ower Treforest wis feenally confirmed wi the biggin o the Glamorganshire Canal tae serve the coal mines o the Rhondda glen. Housomeivver, the volumes o coal extraction suin brocht aboot the construction o the Taff Vale Railway, which, at its peak, resultit in twa trains cawin at Pontypridd railwey station ivery minute. The station is a lang single island, at ane point the warld's langest platform, a reflection o baith the narrae available geografie o the steep glen side, as well as the need tae accommodate mony convergin railweys lines on wha became the nineteent-century hub o the glens. Due tae the restrictive geografie, anerly parcels an mail wur handled at Pontypridd, while hivy fricht wis handled at Treforest. The station the day, as operatit bi Arriva Trains Wales, reflects the reducit coal minin activity, wi ane up an ane doun platform, an anerly ane passin loop.

Trams/Trolleybuses/Buses[eedit | eedit soorce]

A tram service began on 6 Mairch 1905, runnin frae Cilfynydd, throu Pontypridd, tae Treforest. It wis replacit on 18 September 1930 bi trolleybuses, which on 31 Januar 1957 wur replacit bi buses which replicatit a amaist exact route. The day, bus services are principally providit bi Veolia Transport Cymru (on the local toun services an langer distance routes tae Cairdiff, Beddau an Talbot Green) an Stagecoach South Wales (on lang distance routes tae Cairdiff, Rhondda, Cynon Valley, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly etc.).

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Glamorgan Business Schuil (varsity)

Enterteenment an social history[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sport & Recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The paddling puil earmarkit for remuival in Ynysangharad Park
The pitch an putt gowf course in Ynysangharad Park
The bandstand in Ynysangharad Park

Media[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Pontypridd haes its vera awn commonty radio station GTFM, which is in pairtnership wi the Varsity o Sooth Wales. It haes local news, information an muisic frae the last fower decades, an is run bi a voluntar management committee.
  • The Pontypridd and Llantrisant Observer[3] is the local newspaper for the toun.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

A memorial in Ynysangharad Park tae Evan James an James James, componers o the Welsh naitional anthem

Cultural references[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The name o the feectional toun o Pontypandy, in which childer's televeesion programme Fireman Sam is situatit, is a portmanteau o Pontypridd an Tonypandy.[10]
  • The Welsh TV show Belonging wis shot in Pontypridd
  • The BBC hit sci-fi shows Doctor Who an Torchwood hae filmit at various location aroond Pontypridd an nearbi, such as at the Market Tavern pub in Market Street an the Lido in Ynysangharad Park. Ither locations include at - Treforest, Hawthorn, Graigwen, Upper Boat, Trallwng, Ynysybwl an ithers.

Twinnin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pontypridd is twinned wi Nürtingen, Esslingen, sooth Germany

Initial contact atween the twa commonties occurred in 1965 wi a visit bi Côr Meibion Pontypridd Welsh male voice Choir tae visit a choir cried "Liederkranz" based in the Oberensingen aurie o Nürtingen. The Liederkranz returned the visit tae Pontypridd ane year later. On the occasion o the next visit o Côr Meibion tae Nürtingen the pairtnership atween the twa commonties wis formally established - on 26 Julie 1968. Syne then reciprocal visits atween the twa choirs haes taken place on a regular basis. It wis as a result o this successful pairtnership that Pontypridd Urban District Council decidit tae hae a formal Twinning link at a ceevic level an tae join in pairtnership wi Nürtingen. In Julie 1968 a greement wis signed bi John Cheesman J.P., mayor o Pontypridd an Karl Gonser mayor o Nürtingen. This resultit in the first twinnin link in Rhondda Cynon Taf an the langest established twinnin links wi Nürtingen.[11]

Pontypridd is twinned wi Mbale, Uganda an aw

Pontypridd toun cooncil held a offeecial twinnin ceremony in 2005, tae consolidate links wi Mbale, Uganda, awready established bi local kirks an healthcare wirkers, unner the auspices o charity PONT, the Partnerships Overseas Networking Trust.[12]

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

See Category:Fowk frae Pontypridd

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Tobin, Patrick F. (1991). The Bridge and the Song, Some chapters in the story of Pontypridd. Bridgend: Mid Glamorgan County Libraries. ISBN 1-872430-05-8. 

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. John Davies, Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch (2008) pg692 ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6
  2. [1][deid airtin]
  3. Office of National Statistics
  4. Pontypridd Town Website
  5. http://www.pontytown.co.uk. "Official Pontypridd Town web site & mesage board". Pontytown.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  6. Fields of Praise, The Official History of the Welsh Rugby Union 1881-1981 pp26, David Smith, Gareth Williams (1980)
  7. "British and Irish Cup draw announced | Club News | News & Views". Ponty.net. 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  8. [2][deid airtin]
  9. "Home town welcomes back Tom Jones". BBC News. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  10. "Wales - Arts - Children - Fireman Sam". BBC. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  11. The History of Twinning in Rhondda Cynon Taf RCT Website
  12. Are Pontypridd and Rhondda Cynon Taf really twinned with places in Uganda?, PONT FAQS and PONT Background

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Rhondda Cynon Taf