|• Total||803 km2 (310 sq mi)|
|• Density||88/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||KH-24|
Pailin (Khmer: ក្រុងប៉ៃលិន) is a province (khaet) in wastren Cambodie at the northren edge o the Cardamom Muntains near the border o Thailand. This province is surroondit bi Battambang Province, an wis offeecially carvit oot o Battambang tae become a separate admeenistrative diveesion efter the surrender o the Ieng Sary faction o the Khmer Rouge in 1996. Pailin is known tae hintle o the warld for haein lang been a stranghauld o the Khmer Rouge, remainin unner their control lang efter they wur defeatit in 1979 an servin frae 1994-1998 as the caipital o the "Proveesional Govrenment o Naitional Union an Naitional Salvation o Cambodie."
Table o contents
Pailin was originally a small forest zone full of animal and several precious stones. Pailin is the transform word from the original Pan Len (Khmer:ភេលេង), referred by a tale about around the 18th or 19th century, there were a group of hunters who chased the wild animals farther and farther until they reached the present-day Pailin where, then, was of jungles of high trees and some fields by the canal which was called small river such as Tong small river. The hunters saw otters that were swimming and they ran away when they saw people. Then, the hunters went to see the place where the otters played together. They saw small bright rocks and everybody took a rock to show their friends and their relatives in their home land. Arriving in the home land, there were residents (it was said they were Kula people in Chanthaburi Province Siam) knew that the rocks were valuable so they took and broke the rocks to polish into gems with good purity. That was why they went to buy gems from the hunters. The hunters knew that it was way of earning a living, they often tried to go to take the rocks from the old place. At that time, Pailin began to faced as the business place.
The frequent going and coming from that place made them call Phee Leng (Khmer:ភេលេង) due to the playing of the otters that they saw at the first time. But the residents in Siam pronounced Phee as Phai(Khmer:ផេ) and Leng as Len (Khmer:ឡេន) or Lin with their Siamese soond as Pea Lean (Khmer:ផេឡេន). Durin the control o Fraunce o that aurie, it was written in Laitin wi the soond an morphology o the wirds as Phailin. Later the wird wis shortened as Pailin bi omittin " H "ាaim o a difficult pronunciation.
In the late 1970s, Pailin wis a prosperous toun stemmin frae the extensive gem deposits in the surroondin kintraside. Acause o its resources, it wis ane o the first ceeties invadit bi the Khmer Rouge when they began their major affensive against the naitional govrenment. The ceety affered nae resistance an the Khmer Rouge sodgers wur greetit as leeberators as they maircht intae toun. At this point, the deposed keeng haed allee'd hissel wi the KR an maist residents believit that the KR wur fechtin tae restore him tae pouer. It wis no lang, though, afore maist residents wur roondit up for a forcit mairch tae the kintraside tae wirk in rice paddies. Those believit tae hae connections tae the govrenment wur killed. The KR uised proceeds frae minin in the Pailin aurie tae fund their affensive an later their govrenment ance they gained naitional pouer. When the invadin Vietnamese Airmy threw them frae pouer, they retreatit tae Pailin, whare mony umwhile KR leaders haed remained.
Some leaders went intae hidin in fear o punishment for their creemes, although ither leaders livit openly in the province. It is said that 70% o the aurie's aulder men wur fechters for the Khmer Rouge, but nane o the regular fechters hae yet been brocht tae juistice. As o September 2007, Pailin's remainin Khmer Rouge leaders wur being roondit up tae face juistice bi an internaitional tribunal, includin Khieu Samphan an Nuon Chea.
In the recent years, Pailin suddenly meet the decline o Economy an Business. Housomeivver, a new wave o tourism began foond depend on its auncient temple, natural forest, animals an especially the precious stanes.
- Wat Phnom Yat
- Wat Rattanak Sopoan
- Phnom Kiev Waterfaw (Blue Muntain)
Pailin's cultur is distinctly different frae maist o Khmer cultur. Accordin tae some data, Pailin's cultur is predominantly Burmese, an haes hintle in common wi that o the kintra o Burma. This affinity is shown in the region's cuisine, dress, temple airchitectur, festivals an airts. The cultur can be seen as similar tae the cultur in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The fowk o Pailin are predominantly Kola. The Kola fowk oreeginally migratit frae Burma beginnin in 1876. There is some dispute as tae from wha region o Burma the Kola oreeginatit, as thare is nae group in modren day Myanmar kent as the "Kola". Anither wave o migrants, the Shan arrivit frae Burma in the 1920s. Baith groups are kent for their wirk in the precious gem business, which likely is wha attractit them tae Pailin.
In Pailin, thare are a few different kynds o fuids. Kola's fuid is destinct frae Burma's Cuisine as well. The maist popular Burmese style one is Mee Kola (មីកុឡា) which is a vegetarian noodle dish made frae thin rice stick noodles, steamit an ceukit wi soy sauce an garlic chive, sometimes mixed wi some meats an sma lobster. Other dishes include Tom yum frae Thailand an Mon banana puddin o Burma. These hae aw spread tae ither pairts o Thailand an Cambodie, but normally in versions which are flavored mair sweetly than the Pailin version, especially in Phnom Penh.
The Traditional clothes o Pailin is Longyi, kent as Sarong an aw. The cloth is aften sewn intae a cylindrical shape. It is worn aroond the waist, runnin tae the feet. It is held in place bi fauldin fabric ower, athoot a knot. It is sometimes fauldit up tae the knee for comfort an aw. These traditional "longyi" hae aboot 2 meters o in length o swan. The cloth is made o cotton an sometimes frae silk. Kola men wear ankle-length patterns o checks, plaids or stripes "Longyi" in ony kynds o color. The Men aaweys wear their white eingyi shirt which haes a mandarin collar an sometimes wear a traditional jacket cried taik-pon ower their eingy an aw. It haes white, grey, black or terracotta colors. They put the gaung baung turban on their heid an on their feet wear simple rubber or velvet slippers.
For Kola weemen's calf-length longyi are in solid colors, flouer prints an mony kynds o designs. They soften hae a red based color, wi pairtial stripes or vera sma checks similar tae what Mon wear. They aften hae horizontal or vertical stripes at the middle pairt an aw. Ryalty traditionally wore a lang dress cried "thin-dai" decoratit bi mony threads. It wis aaways worn bi a laird's dochter an the keeng o the province's lady. The weemen wears a bonnie blouse an a lovely shirt which is kent as eingyi. The shirt is decorated with several colors an mony piece o siller. The shirt haes horizontal or vertical stripes at the middle pairt in some brawnnie color an aw. Kola weemen tee a traditional shawl on their eingyi as well as they put the shawl on their shoulders. Weemen tee a lovely baund on their heid an wear brawnnie flouers in their hair, allouin their hair tae drop as a ponytail abuin their shoulders. They sometimes teuk a traditional umbrella made frae baboom wi them. The fuitwear is simple slippers o leather or velvet cried Hnyat-phanat.
Aw o these costumes wur shiny wi bricht colors durin celebrations. The clothin is vera similar tae wha is worn bi the Shan in Burma.
The hooses in Pailin are built from firth, aboot 8 cm tae 1 meter includes a wide door an in the middle o hoose, there are the hermitages o Buddha an anithers spirit house. The Kola People are fond o plantin roses in front o their hames.
The surroondin aurie wis rich in a variety o gemstanes which wur mined amiast clean tae support the Khmer Rouge. They loggit the aurie extensively an aw, creatin great environmental damage.
Unlike maist o Cambodie, Pailin is composed primarily o uplands whare little rice is grown. This makes it vera difficult for fermers to rely on subsistence agricultur. Crop failurs trigger collection o fuid an gems frae the forests, increasin the number o land mine accidents. Mony fermers produce nan-traditional crops for the mercats, includin sesame, mung an soya. In 2003-04 it producit 17,204 tons o maize, the seicont-heichest production in the kintra.
Pailin wis ane o the maist hivily mined aurie in the warld. Travellers are cautioned tae stay on markit roads. De-minin is ongoin wi UN help, which brings in some o the few foreigners that the locals encoonter.
Till 2001 Pailin wis pairt o Battambang Province, then elevatit tae ceety status, an then again tae provincial status an thus became an autonomous zone o its awn.
The province is dividit intae twa destricts:
- "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
- "Decree creates three new provinces". khmerization.blogspot.com. December 2008.
- "2008 Royal Decree on changing of Pailin municipality to Pailin province" (in Khmer).
- "Key figures in the Khmer Rouge". BBC. September 19, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- "Dance and Cultural Show". Flickr. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- "Traditional Costume in Myanmar". Travel blog. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Agricultural Statistics, 2003-04 Royal Government of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, 2004.
See an aw
|Chanthaburi Province, Thailand||Battambang Province|
|Trat Province, Thailand||Battambang Province|