Orchidaceae

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Orchidaceae
Haeckel Orchidae.jpg
Colour plate frae Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Juss.[1]
Type genus
Orchis
Tourn. ex L.
Subfamilies
Distribution range o faimily Orchidaceae

Orchidaceae is a diverse an widespread faimily o flouerin plants wi blooms that are eften colourfu an eften fragrant, commonly kent as the orchid faimily. Alang wi the Asteraceae, thay are ane o the twa lairgest faimilies o flouerin plants, wi atween 21,950 an 26,049 currently acceptit species, foond in 880 genera.[2][3] Selecting which of the two families is larger is still under debate, as concrete numbers on such enormous families are constantly in flux. Regardless, the nummer o orchid species equals mair nor twice the nummer o bird species, an aboot fower times the nummer o mammal species. The faimily an aa encompasses aboot 6–11% o aw seed plants.[4] The lairgest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) an Pleurothallis (1,000 species).

The faimily an aa includes Vanilla (the genus o the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus), an mony commonly cultivatit plants such as Phalaenopsis an Cattleya. Mairower, syne the introduction o tropical species in the 19t century, horticulturists hae produced mair nor 100,000 hybrids an cultivars.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013–06–26. 
  2. P. F. Stevens (June 2008). "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website Version 9". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  3. "WCSP". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2010. 
  4. Yohan Pillon & Mark W. Chase (2007). "Taxonomic exaggeration and its effects on orchid conservation". Conservation Biology 21 (1): 263–265. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00573.x. PMID 17298532.