Namwon

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Location o Namwon in Jeollabuk-do

Namwon (Namwon-si) is a ceety in North Jeolla Province, Republic o Korea. Namwon is aboot 45 minutes frae the provincial caipital o Jeonju, which is three oors away frae Seoul.

The offeecial ceety flouer is Ryal Azalea (철쭉) while the ceety tree is the crape-myrtle (배롱나무) an the ceety bird is the swallow (제비).[1]

Namwon is a sma ceety locatit juist ootside o Jirisan Naitional Pairk, which hae the lairgest muntains in the Republic o Korea Mainland. It is 3 an a hauf oors frae the Seoul Central City Bus Terminal an aboot ane oor frae baith the U-Square Bus Terminal in Gwangju an the Jeonju Inter City Bus Terminal. It is cried "the Ceety o Love" acause o the famous Korean love story o Chunhyang. Gwanghallu Garden is a shrine tae this love story.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Namwon was founded in 685 during the reign of King Sinmun of Silla Kingdom. Namwon county was founded on April 1, 1895.

The city suffered during the Siege of Namwon in 1597 which was part of the Imjin War. During the siege that lasted from August 13 to August 16 the only defenders against the Japanese army of 56,000 men were 3300 Korean and Chinese soldiers and 6000 women and children. In the end the Japanese found a way to enter the city and killed all the soldiers and civilians.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Namwon is located in a basin bordered by the Sobaek Mountains to the east and the Buheung Mountain Ridges to the west with the Yocheon River flowing through the city. Namwon is bordered by the counties of Imsil and Sunchang to the west, Jangsu to the north, Hamyang and Hadong in Gyeongsangnam-do to the east, and Gurye and Gokseong in Jeollanam-do to the south.

Namwon.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The average yearly temperatur o Namwon is 12.3℃ wi the average temperatur in Januar being -1.4℃ an 25.2℃ in August. Due tae its location in a muntainous basin wi a heich rate o precipitation, the climate o Namwon varies greatly. Winds in Namwon are uisually weak an blow north tae wast in the winter an sooth tae wast in the simmer. Housomeivver, temperaturs can sometimes (briefly) drop belaw -10℃ in Januar. Temperaturs in Julie can aften reach 33℃. Temperatures in ware (Aprile an Mey) an hairst (September an October) are often in the mid 20's℃ an wi law humidity.

Climate data for Namwon (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
8.2
(46.8)
13.2
(55.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.6
(76.3)
27.9
(82.2)
29.9
(85.8)
30.6
(87.1)
27.3
(81.1)
21.9
(71.4)
14.5
(58.1)
7.4
(45.3)
19.2
(66.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
1.0
(33.8)
5.6
(42.1)
11.9
(53.4)
17.4
(63.3)
22.0
(71.6)
25.0
(77.0)
25.2
(77.4)
20.6
(69.1)
13.4
(56.1)
6.5
(43.7)
0.4
(32.7)
12.3
(54.1)
Average laich °C (°F) −6.8
(19.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.0
(39.2)
10.4
(50.7)
16.7
(62.1)
21.1
(70.0)
21.1
(70.0)
15.2
(59.4)
6.6
(43.9)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.2
(22.6)
6.4
(43.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 31.2
(1.228)
41.0
(1.614)
52.5
(2.067)
71.5
(2.815)
111.0
(4.37)
176.7
(6.957)
298.9
(11.768)
346.1
(13.626)
137.0
(5.394)
46.3
(1.823)
42.8
(1.685)
25.4
(1)
1,380.4
(54.346)
humidity 71.9 67.5 64.8 62.1 66.6 72.5 79.1 78.8 75.6 73.9 73.4 74.2 71.7
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8 7 8 7 8 9 14 15 8 5 7 7 103
Mean monthly sunshine hours 157.5 175.0 203.0 222.1 223.5 182.9 159.0 176.4 181.2 197.6 162.7 156.0 2,199.3
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [2]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chunhyang festival[eedit | eedit soorce]

The annual fower-day Chunhyang festival commemorates a legendary love story an folktale, Chunhyangga. This festival is said tae be the auldest in Korea.

Accordin tae the legend, Chunhyang wis a maiden who wis taken advantage o bi an immoral local govrenor who forced her tae marry him while the young man she really loved wis away on govrenment affairs. When the young man returned he disguised hissel as a common fowk an saw for hissel the myriad o injuistices that the local govrenor haed perpetratit; uisin his authority tae kill him, things are set straight an the maiden is set free, givin the tale a happy endin.

The main brdg that crosses the river that runs through the middle o the ceety is lit up, an alang the river bank there are vendors sellin fuid an items o aw kynds. The Chunhyang beauty contest can be entered bi the maist bonnie female residents, in traditional dress. Anither event is the Chunhyang parade which runs through cordoned sections o the ceety alang the river bank, an which comprises juist aboot the entire complement o the ceety's mid-grade schuilgirls (numberin probably in the law hunders) who are dressed in full chogori an carry muisical instruments o some type, an who mairch in a vera lang line. There are an aa ither parades o men an onyane else who is no a young girl mey dress up in traditional dress an join the procession. The festival lasts fower days an firewirks are launched ivery nicht.

For the rest o the year when the festival is no on, there is a sma theme pairk dedicatit tae Chunhyang (Namwon Tourist Complex) complete wi hypothetical dwellins an surroondins that someane like Chunhyang wad hae haed (a mock hoose an yard). There are ither sichts in the pairk unrelatit tae Chunhyang such as a fish pond whaur visitors are free tae feed the fish an some auld-fashioned swings an horseshoe-style throwin games. Ootside the pairk, alang the river bank, there are an aa mini paddle boats that fowk can rent tae traverse the sma river.

Sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Mangbok Temple Steid, constructit atween 1046 an 1083 durin the rule o Keeng Munjong o Goryeo
  • Silsangsa Temple, a Buddhist temple
  • Gwanghallu Garden, a traditional garden that seembolizes the universe (commonly attributit tae the Chunhyang story)
  • Cheongheobu Gate, the main entrance tae Gwanghallu Garden
  • Wanwoljeong Pavilion
  • Chunhyang Shrine, built in the memory o Chunhyang
  • Wolmaejib House
  • Chunhyanggwan Hall

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 상징물-남원시청
  2. "평년값자료(1981−2010) 남원(247)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Metropolitan ceeties o the Republic o Korea Coordinates: 35°24′36″N 127°23′9″E / 35.41000°N 127.38583°E / 35.41000; 127.38583