Metallica

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Metallica
Metallica at The O2 Arena London 2008.jpg
Metallica at The O2 Arena in 2008. Frae left tae richt:
Kirk Hammett, Lars Ulrich, James Hetfield an Robert Trujillo.
Background information
Origin Los Angeles, Californie, Unitit States
Genres Hivy metal, thrash metal,
hard rock, speed metal
Years active 1981–present
Labels Elektra, Vertigo, Megaforce, Warner Bros.
Associatit acts Megadeth, Echobrain,
Spastik Children, Leather Charm,
Exodus, Trauma,
Flotsam and Jetsam, San Francisco Symphony,
Black Label Society, Ozzy Osbourne,
Suicidal Tendencies, Lou Reed
Members James Hetfield
Lars Ulrich
Kirk Hammett
Robert Trujillo
Past members Ron McGovney
Dave Mustaine
Cliff Burton
Jason Newsted

Metallica (pronounced /mɛˈtælɨkə/) is an American hivy metal baund frae Los Angeles, Californie, formed in 1981. The baund wis foondit when an advertisement postit bi drummer Lars Ulrich in a local newspaper, wis respondit tae bi James Hetfield. Metallica's line up haes primarily consistit o Ulrich, rhythm guitarist an vocalist James Hetfield an lead guitarist Kirk Hammett, while goin through a number o bassists (Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton, Jason Newsted). The spot is currently held bi Robert Trujillo. The baund's oreeginal lead guitarist, afore Hammett, wis current Megadeth guitarist an lead vocalist Dave Mustaine.

Metallica's early releases includit fast tempos, instrumentals, an aggressive muisicianship that placed them as ane o the "big fower" o the thrash metal subgenre alangside Slayer, Megadeth, an Anthrax durin the genre's development intae a popular style.[1] The baund earned a growin fan base in the undergrund muisic community an critical acclaim, wi the 1986 release Master of Puppets described as ane o the maist influential an "hivy" thrash metal albums. The baund achieved substantial commercial success wi their eponymous fift album (an aa kent as The Black Album), which debuted at number ane on the Billboard 200. Wi this release the baund expandit its muisical direction resultin in an album that appealed tae a mair mainstream audience.

Metallica haes released nine studio albums, three live albums, twa EPs, 24 muisic videos, an 45 singles. The baund haes wan nine Grammy Awards, an haes haed five consecutive albums debut at number ane on the Billboard 200,[2] makin Metallica the first an ae baund tae dae so, this record wis later matched bi the Dave Matthews Band.[3] The baund's 1991 album, Metallica, haes sauld ower 15 million copies in the Unitit States, an 22 million copies warldwide, which makes it the 25t-hichtest-sellin album in the kintra.[4] In December 2009, it became the hichtest-sellin album of the SoundScan era, surpassin 1997's Come On Over bi country airtist Shania Twain.[5] The band haes sauld an estimatit 100 million records warldwide as o the release o their latest album, Death Magnetic. As o December 2009, Metallica is the fowert best-sellin muisic airtist since the SoundScan era began trackin sales on Mey 25, 1991, sellin a total o 52,271,000 albums in the Unitit States alone.[6]

Awairds[eedit | eedit soorce]

Grammy Awards:[7]

MTV Video Music Awards:

American Music Awards:

  • 1996: Favorite Artist: Heavy Metal/Hard Rock: Metallica – Load
  • 1996: Favorite Metal/Hard Rock Song – "Until It Sleeps"

Billboard Music Awards:

  • 1997: Billboard Rock and Roll Artist of the Year – Metallica (RIAA Diamond Award)
  • 1999: Catalogue Artist of the Year – Metallica
  • 1999: Catalogue Album of the Year – Metallica

Kerrang! Awards:

  • 2003: Hall of Fame – Metallica

Baund members[eedit | eedit soorce]

Current members
Umwhile members

Timeline[eedit | eedit soorce]


Discografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Metallica discografie

Studio albums[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Get_Thrashed:_The_Story_of_Thrash_Metal
  2. "Metallica scores fifth streight number 1 album". Billboard. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 
  3. "Dave Matthews big debutes at number 1". Billboard. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Top_100_Albums
  5. Blabbermouth Daily Headlines
  6. BILLBOARD TOP SELLERS IN SOUNDSCAN ERA: Ask Billboard: Battle Of The Rock Bands, Part 2
  7. "Grammy Award winners – Metallica". Grammy.com. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]