Malawi

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Republic o Malawi
Chalo cha Malawi, Dziko la Malaŵi
Motto: "Unity an Freedom"[1]
Anthem: Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi (Template:ISO 639 name ny)
O God Bless Our Land of Malawi [2]
Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Lilongwe
13°57′S 33°42′E / 13.950°S 33.700°E / -13.950; 33.700
Official languages[3]
Ethnic groups (2008)
Demonym Malawian
Government Unitary presidential republic
 -  Preses Joyce Banda
 -  Vice-Preses Khumbo Kachali
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
Unthirldom
 -  frae the Unitit Kinrick 6 Julie 1964 
 -  republic 6 Julie 1966 
 -  Current constitution 18 Mey 1994 
Aurie
 -  Total 118,484 km2 (99th)
45,747 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 20.6%
Population
 -  2013 estimate 16,407,000[4] (64t)
 -  1998 census 9,933,868[5]
 -  Densitie 128.8/km2 (86t)
333.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $14.265 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $857[6]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $4.212 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $253[6]
Gini (2010) 43.9[7]
middlin
HDI (2008) Increase 0.493[8]
law · 171st
Currency Kwacha (D) (MWK)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) nae observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Cawin code +265[3]
Internet TLD .mw[3]
• Population estimates for this kintra explicitly tak intae accoont the effects o excess mortality due tae AIDS; this can result in lawer life expectancy, heicher infant mortality an daith rates, lawer population an growth rates, an chynges in the distribution o population bi age an sex than would itherwise be expected.
• Information is drawn frae the CIA Factbook unless itherwise notit.

Malawi, kent offeecially as the Republic o Malawi (play /məˈlɑːwi/; Chichewa [malaβi][need tone]) is a landlocked kintra in sootheast Africae that wis umwhile kent as Nyasaland. It is bordered bi Zambie tae the northwast, Tanzanie tae the northeast, an Mozambique on the east, sooth an wast. The kintra is separatit from Tanzanie an Mozambique bi Lake Malawi. Its size is ower 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) wi an estimatit population o mair nor 13,900,000. Its caipital is Lilongwe, the seicont lairgest ceety is Blantyre an the third lairgest is Mzuzu. The name Malawi comes frae the Maravi, an auld name o the Nyanja fowk that inhabit the aurie.

Malawi wis first settled durin the 10t century an remained unner native rule till 1891 whan it wis colonised bi the Breetish, wha ruled the kintra till 1964. Upon gainin unthrildom it became a single-pairty state unner Preses Hastings Banda, wha remained preses till 1994, whan he wis oostit frae pouer. Malawi haes a democratic, multi-pairty govrenment. Malawi haes a sma military force that includes an airmy, a navy an an air wing. Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Wastren an includes positive diplomatic relations wi maist kintras an participation in several internaitional organisations.

Malawi is amang the warld's least developed an maist densely populatit kintras. The economy is hivily based in agricultur, wi a lairgely rural population. The Malawian govrenment depends hivily on ootside aid tae meet development needs, although this need (an the aid affered) haes decreased syne 2000. The Malawian govrenment faces challenges in growin the economy, improvin eddication, heal care an the environmental protection an becomin financially independent. Malawi haes several programmes developed syne 2005 that focus on these issues, an the kintra's ootleuk appears tae be impruivin, wi impruivements in economic growth, eddication an heal care seen in 2007 an 2008.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Berry, Bruce (6 February 2005). "Malawi". Flags of the World Website. Flags of the World. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  2. "Malawi National Anthem Lyrics". National Anthem Lyrics. Lyrics on Demand. Retrieved 24 August 2008. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Country profile: Malawi". BBC News Online (BBC). 13 March 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  4. FAO estimate for year 2013
  5. Benson, Todd. "Chapter 1: An Introduction" (PDF). Malawi: An Atlas of Social Statistics. National Statistical Office, Government of Malawi. p. 2. Retrieved 24 August 2008. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Malawi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  8. "2008 Statistical Update: Malawi". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 19 April 2009.