Loire

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Coordinates: 47°16′09″N 2°11′09″E / 47.26917°N 2.18583°E / 47.26917; 2.18583
Loire
River Loire Maine-et-Loire
Kintra France
Tributaries
 - left Allier, Cher, Indre, Vienne, Sèvre Nantaise
 - right Maine, Nièvre, Erdre
Source Massif Central
 - location Sainte-Eulalie, Ardèche
 - elevation 1,408 m (4,619 ft) [1]
 - coordinates 44°49′48″N 4°13′20″E / 44.83000°N 4.22222°E / 44.83000; 4.22222
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
 - location Saint-Nazaire, Loire-Atlantique
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 47°16′09″N 2°11′09″E / 47.26917°N 2.18583°E / 47.26917; 2.18583
Length 1,012 km (629 mi) [1]
Basin 117,000 km2 (45,174 sq mi) [1]
Discharge for Montjean
 - average 835.3 m3/s (29,498 cu ft/s) [2]
 - max 4,150 m3/s (146,600 cu ft/s)
 - min 60 m3/s (2,119 cu ft/s)
Cairt o Fraunce wi the Loire heichlichtit

The Loire (French pronunciation: [lwaʁ]; Occitan: Léger; Breton: Liger) is the langest river in Fraunce.[3] Wi a length o 1,012 kilometres (629 mi), it drains an auriea o 117,054 km2 (45,195 sq mi), which represents mair than a fift o Fraunce's land aurie.[1] It is the 170t langest river in the warld. It rises in the Cévennes in the département o Ardèche at 1,350 m (4,430 ft) near Mont Gerbier de Jonc, an flaws for ower 1,000 km (620 mi) north through Nevers tae Orléans, then wast through Tours an Nantes till it reaches the Bay o Biscay at St Nazaire. Its main tributaries include the Maine, Nièvre an the Erdre rivers on its richt bank, an the Allier, Cher, Indre, Vienne, an the Sèvre Nantaise rivers frae the left bank. The Loire gies its name tae sax départements: Loire, Haute-Loire, Loire-Atlantique, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire, an Saône-et-Loire. The central part o the Loire Valley wis addit tae the Warld Heritage Steids leet o UNESCO on December 2, 2000. The banks are characterized bi vineyards an chateaux in the Loire Valley.

The Loire Valley haes been cried the "Garden o Fraunce" an is studded wi ower a thoosand chateaux, each wi distinct airchitectural embellishments coverin a wide range o variations,[4] frae the early medieval tae the late Renaissance periods.[5] Thay wur oreeginally creatit as feudal stranghaulds, ower centuries past, in the strategic divide atween soothren an northren Fraunce; nou mony are privately awned.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Tockner, Klement; Uehlinger, Urs; Robinson, Christopher T. (2009). Rivers of Europe. Academic Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-12-369449-2. Retrieved 11 April 2011. 
  2. "Loire River at Montjean". River Discharge Database. Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment. 2010-02-13. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  3. Loire River, Encyclopædia Britannica on-line
  4. "Welcome to the Loire Valley". Western France Tourist Board. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  5. Nicola Williams; Virginie Boone (1 May 2002). The Loire. Lonely Planet. pp. 9–12, 14, 16–17, 19, 21–22, 24, 26, 27–36, 40–54. ISBN 978-1-86450-358-6. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  6. "The Loire Valley". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 11 March 2011.