Juglans regia

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Juglans regia
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Matur Wawnit Tree
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Juglandaceae
Genus: Juglans
Species: J. regia
Binomial name
Juglans regia
L.
Synonyms

Juglans duclouxiana Dode
J. fallax Dode
J. kamaonia (C. de Candolle) Dode
J. orientis Dode
J. regia var. sinensis C. de Candolle
J. sinensis (C. de Candolle) Dode

Juglans regia, the Persie wawnit, Inglis wawnit, especially in Great Breetain, common wawnit, or especially in the US, Californie wawnit, is an Auld Warld wawnit tree species native tae the region stretchin frae the Balkans eastward tae the Himalayas an soothwast Cheenae. The lairgest forests are in Kyrgyzstan, whaur trees occur in extensive, nearly pure wawnit forests at 1,000–2,000 m altitude (Hemery 1998)—notably at Arslanbob in Jalal-Abad Province.

Description[eedit | eedit soorce]

Juglans regia is a lairge, deciduous tree attainin hichts o 25–35 m, an a trunk up tae 2 m diameter, commonly wi a short trunk an broad croun, tho tawer an narrower in dense forest competeetion. It is a licht-demandin species, requirin full sun tae grow well.

The bark is smuith, olive-broun when young an sillery-grey on aulder branches, an featurs scattered broad fissures wi a rougher textur. Like aw wawnits, the pith o the twigs contains air spaces; this chambered pith is brounish in color. The leaves are alternately arranged, 25–40 cm lang, odd-pinnate wi 5–9 leaflets, paired alternately wi ane terminal leaflet. The lairgest leaflets are the three at the apex, 10–18 cm lang an 6–8 cm broad; the basal pair o leaflets are much smawer, 5–8 cm lang, wi the margins o the leaflets entire. The male flowers are in droopin catkins 5–10 cm lang, an the female flouers are terminal, in clusters o twa tae five, ripenin in the hairst intae a fruit wi a green, semifleshy husk an a broun, corrugatit nit. The whole fruit, includin the husk, falls in hairst; the seed is lairge, wi a relatively thin shell, an edible, wi a rich flavour.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]