|Regions wi signeeficant populations|
|Honduras 7.4 million|
|Sib ethnic groups|
Hondurans (Spainyie: Hondureños; also Catrachos) are fowk inhabitin in, oreeginatin or haein significant heritage frae Honduras. Maist Hondurans live in Honduras, although there is a significant Honduran diaspora an aw, pairticularly in the Unitit States wi smawer communities in ither kintras aroond the warld. There are fowk livin in Honduras who are no Hondurans acause they wur no born or raised in Honduras nor hae they gained citizenship an aw.
Table o contents
Catracho[eedit | eedit soorce]
Central Americans refer tae a person frae Honduras as a Catracho. The term wis coined bi Nicaraguans in the mid-19t century when Honduran General Florencio Xatruch returned frae battle wi his sodgers efter defeatin American freebuiters commandit bi William Walker, whose purpose wis tae re-establish slavery an take ower aw o Central Americae. As the general an his sodgers returned, some Nicaraguans yelled oot ¡Vienen los xatruches!, meanin "Here come Xatruch's boys!" Housomeivver, Nicaraguans haed so hintle trouble pronooncin the general's last name that they altered the phrase tae los catruches an ultimately settled on los catrachos.
Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]
Honduras is the anerlie Central American kintra whose seicont most important city haes hauf the population o the caipital ceety. Considering metropolitan areas only, the Honduran caipital is the fowert lairgest Central American urban agglomeration, efter Guatemala Ceety, Managua, an San Salvador.
Population[eedit | eedit soorce]
Honduras haes a population of 7.48 million. Accordin tae Honduras' 2001 Census o Population, the maist populous depairtments are: Cortés (1.2 million), Francisco Morazán (1.2 million), Yoro (466,000), Olancho (420,000), Choluteca (391,000) siguatepeque an Comayagua (353,000). The least populous are Islas de la Bahia an Gracias a Dios.
Accordin tae the same source, the main ceeties are: Tegucigalpa (894,000-Central Destrict anerlile), San Pedro Sula (517,000), Choloma (160,000), La Ceiba (140,000), El Progreso (106,000), Choluteca, Comayagua, Puerto Cortés, La Lima an Danlí. Housomeivver, the main metropolitan auries are Tegucigalpa (1,200,000-est. 2007-) an San Pedro Sula (900,000). Atween the 1988 an 2001 Census, San Pedro Sula's population doubled. The kintra haes 20 ceeties wi mair than 20,000 inhabitants.
Ethnic groups[eedit | eedit soorce]
Amerindians mak up the lairgest minority ethnic group, wi 7% o the population, or ower 520,000. The Amerindian population consists o seiven indigenous groups recognizit bi the Confederation o Autochthonous fowk o Honduras (CONPAH) an the govrenment o Honduras, amang them they recognize the Afro-Caribbean an Garífuna groups which are no Amerindian. The seiven indigenous groups are: the Ch'orti', a Mayan group livin in the northwast on the border wi Guatemala; the Garifuna speakin a Carib leid., they live alang the entire Caribbean coastline o Honduras, an in the Bay Islands; the Pech or Paya Indians livin in a sma aurie in the Olancho depairtment; the Tolupan (cried Jicaque, "Xicaque", or Tol an aw), livin in the Depairtment o Yoro an in the reserve o the Montaña de la Flor an pairts o the depairtment o Yoro; the Lenca Indians livin in the Valle an Choluteca depairtments; an the Miskito Indians livin on the northeast coast alang the border wi Nicaragua.
Approximately 5%, up tae 350,000, o Honduras's population is black, or Afro-Honduran, an mainly reside on the kintra's Caribbean or Atlantic coast. The black population comes frae a number o sources. Maist are the descendants o the Wast Indie islands brought tae Honduras as slaves an indentured servants. Anither lairge group are the Garífuna, descendants o an Afro-Carib population which revoltit against Breetish authorities on the island o St. Vincent an wur forcibly muivit tae Belize an Honduras durin the 18t century. Garífunas are pairt o Honduran identity through theatrical presentations such as Louvavagu.
The smawest ethnic group in Honduras are the whites. Honduras contains the smawest white population in the region wi anerlie 1% o the population classifeed as white, up tae 75,000.
Immigration[eedit | eedit soorce]
Honduras hosts a significant Arab community (the vast majority o whom are Arab Christians o Palestinian an Lebanese descent). The Palestinians an Lebanese arrivit in the kintra in the late 19t century an early 20t century, establishin thairsels especially in the ceety o San Pedro Sula. There are ither families that settled in Tegucigalpa, La Ceiba an El Progreso. The Palestinian community, well integratit in Honduras, is prominent in business, commerce, bankin, industry, an politics. They are popularly kent as turcos (Turks) as they came wi Turkis passport.
An aw present in an East Asie community that is primarily o Cheenese descent, an tae a lesser extent Japanese. Korean, Ryukyuan, Vietnamese mak up a sma percentage an aw due tae their arrival tae Honduras as contract laborers in the 1980s an 1990s.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "2005 American Community Survey: Race and Hispanic or Latino". U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
- Sánchez Ramírez, Roberto. "El general que trajo a los primeros catrachos". La Prensa (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-11-10. Retrieved 2007-11-27.