Etawah

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This airticle is aboot the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, Indie. For its namesake destrict, see Etawah destrict.
Etawah
Ishtikapuri
Ceety
Etawah is located in Uttar Pradesh
Etawah
Etawah
Coordinates: 26°46′0.12″N 79°01′59.88″E / 26.7667000°N 79.0333000°E / 26.7667000; 79.0333000
Kintra Banner o Indie Indie
State Uttar Pradesh
Destrict Etawah
Elevation 197 m (646 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 211,460
Leids
 • Offeecial Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 206001
Telephone code 05688
Vehicle registration UP75
Website www.etawah.nic.in

Etawah is a ceety on the banks o Yamuna River in the state o Uttar Pradesh in Indie. It is the admeenistrative heidquairters o Etawah destrict. The ceety wis a important centre for the Indie Rebellion o 1857 (Allan Octavian Hume, the foonder o Indie Naitional Congress wis destrict collector then). An aw is the place o sangam or confluence atween Yamuna an Chambal. It is the steid o the remains o the Great Hedge o Indie an aw. Population o Etawah in 2001 census wis 211,460.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Etawah wis a toun an destrict o Breetish Indie, in the Agra diveesion o the Unitit Provinces. The toun is situatit on the left bank o the Yamuna, an haes a station on the Indian Railways (North Central Zone), 386 km frae Allahabad. Deep fissurs intersect the various quairters o the toun, ower which broad roads connect the heicher portions bi brigs an embankments. Considerable trade is carriet on bi rail, Naitional Heich-gate 2 (Four lane heich-gate, connectin Delhi tae Kolkata, pairt o Golden Quadrilateral, which wis earlier Grand Trunk Road) an river.

The destrict o Etawah lees in the wastren portion o Uttar Pradesh 26° 47" north latitude an 72° 20" east langitude. In shape it is a parallelogram wi a lenth frae north tae sooth 70 km. an east tae wast 66 km. on ane side an 24 km. on the ither side. It is boondit on the north bi the destricts o Firozabad an Mainpuri, while the smaw extent o wastren border adjoins tahsil Bah o the Agra destrict. The eastren frontier mairches wi the destrict o Auraiya, an alang the sooth lee Jalaun an the destrict o Bhind, the diveesion line bein, except for a short distance, the Chambal an Yamuna rivers. The total aurie in 1999 is calculatit tae be 2434 km.

The destrict exhibits a strikin variety o surface an scenery. The greater portion lees athin the Doab or level alluvial plain atween the Ganges an the Yamuna. This pairt faws naturally intae twa sections, dividit bi the deep an fissured glen the river Sengar.

The tract tae the north-east o that stream is rich an growthie, bein wattered bi the branches o the Ganges canal, an ither important wirks. The sooth-wastren region haes the same natural advantages, but possesses nae great irrigation seestem, an is consequently less fruitful than the opposite slopes. Near the banks o the Yamuna, the plain descends intae the river glen bi a series o wild ravines an terraces, inhabitit anerly bi a scattered race o hereditar herdsmen. Ayont the Jamuna, a strip o laund extends alang the tangled gorges o the Chambal an the Kuari Nadi, far intae the borders o the Gwalior state. This ootlyin tract embraces a series o rocky glens an muntain torrents, crouned bi the ruins o native stranghaulds, an interspersed wi narrow ledges o cultivable alluvium. The climate, ance hot an sultry, haes nou become comparatively moist an equable unner the influence o irrigation an the plantin o trees.

Etawah is locatit at 26°46′N 79°02′E / 26.77°N 79.03°E / 26.77; 79.03.[1] It haes a average elevation o 197 metres (456 feet).

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As per provisional data o 2011 census, Etawah haed a population o 15,81,810. The leeteracy rate wis 82.89 per cent.[2]

Religions in Etawah
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
78%
Muslims
  
21%
Jains
  
0.4%
Others†
  
0.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Auncient era[eedit | eedit soorce]

This region is believit tae hae existit even in the Bronze Age. The earliest Aryans who livit here wur the Panchalas. They are said tae hae haed close connections wi Kurus.

Tradeetion haulds the history o the toun stairtit wi its foondation bi a successor o Keeng Bharat. The region fynds mention in the Mahabharata an Ramayana epics an aw.

The Guptas, Kanvas, Kanishka, Naga keengs ruled ower this aurie. In the fowert century A.D., it wis pairt o unitit Indie under the Guptas.

Durin the nint an tent centuries, this region wis govrened bi Gurjara Pratihara rulers. The conquest o Kannauj bi Nagabhata II haundit Pratiharas control ower this region. Durin the reign o Gurjara Pratihara monarch Mihir Bhoj, the region is mentioned as prosperous, safe frae thieves an rich in natural resources.[3]

Revolt o 1857[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the First War o Unthirldom in 1857 major disturbances occurred in Etawah, an the destrict wis occupee'd bi the freedom fechters frae Juin tae Dizember. Breetish rule wis no completely restored till the end o 1858.

Modren history an economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Etawah haes experiencit modrenization an development unner Breetish Raj an in the post-unthirldom period.

The destrict is pairtly watered bi branches o the Ganges canal.

It is traversed bi the main line o the Indie railwey (northren zone) which runs frae Kanpur tae Agra an ayont. The railwey wis first built durin the British Raj.

Cotton, ileseeds, Ghee an ither agricultural produce, an a special breeds o goat i.e. Yamunapaari an buffalo are grown and exportit.

The region haes a 652 MW natural gas-based pouer generation plant. However it lacks manufacturing industries.

Etawah wis kent for its handloom products; msist o thaim are convertit intae pouerlooms thanks tae the advent o better technologie. 'Etawah' is derivit frae the burnor o bricks (whaur bricks are made); it haes thoosans o brick centre atween its boondaries.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rail[eedit | eedit soorce]

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Etawah railwey station lees on Kanpur-Delhi section o Howrah-Delhi main line. Shatabdi Express an mony ither superfast trains hae a scheduled halt in Etawah.

Road[eedit | eedit soorce]

Inner State Bus Station helps connect Etawah wi points athort the rest o Uttar Pradesh state. Naitional Heich-gate 2 passes throu Etawah, connectin it tae important ceeties like Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Dhanbad an Kolkata.

Athin the ceety, Auto-rickshaws an manual rickshaws are the major form o transport. Bus services run at heich frequencies.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Etawah
  2. "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  3. District Gazetteer Etawah (Uttar Pradesh). "History". 

 This airticle incorporates text fae a publication nou in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


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