Agra

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This article is aboot the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, Indie. For its namesake destrict, see Agra destrict.
For ither uisses, see Agra (disambiguation).
Agra
आगरा
Metropolitan Ceety
The Taj Mahal in Agra
The Taj Mahal in Agra
Nickname(s): Akbarabad
Agra is located in Uttar Pradesh
Agra
Agra
Coordinates: 27°11′24″N 78°00′36″E / 27.19000°N 78.01000°E / 27.19000; 78.01000
Kintra Banner o Indie Indie
State Uttar Pradesh
Destrict Agra
Area
 • Metropolitan Ceety 1,880.40 km2 (726.03 sq mi)
Elevation 171 m (561 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolitan Ceety 1,746,467 [1]
 • Rank 23
 • Density 8,954/km2 (23,190/sq mi)
 • Metro 17,27,275
Leids
 • Offeecial Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 282 X
Telephone code 91(562)
Website agra.nic.in

Agra (Listeni/ˈɑːɡrə/; Hindi: आगरा Āgrā, Urdu: آگره), the umwhile caipital o Hindustan, is a ceety on the banks o the river Yamuna in the northren state o Uttar Pradesh, Indie. It is 363 kilometres (226 mi) wast o the state caipital, Lucknow, an 200 kilometres (124 mi) sooth o the naitional caipital New Delhi. Wi a population o 1,686,976 (2010 est.), it is ane o the maist populous ceeties in Uttar Pradesh an the 19t maist populous in Indie.[2] Agra can refer tae the admeenistrative destrict an aw that haes its heidquairters in Agra ceety.

The ceety is mentioned in the epic Mahābhārata, whaur it was cried Agrevaṇa ("the border o the forest").[3] Legend ascribes the foondin o the ceety tae Raja Badal Singh, a Sikarwar Rajput keeng (c. 1475), whose fort, Badalgarh, stuid on or near the steid o the present fort. Housomeivver, the 11t century Persie poet Mas'ūd Sa'd Salmān writes o a desperate assault on the fortress o Agra, then held bi the Shāhī Keeng Jayapala, bi Sultan Mahmud o Ghazni.[4] Sultan Sikandar Lodī wis the first tae muive his caipital frae Delhi tae Agra in 1506. He dee'd in 1517 an his son, Ibrāhīm Lodī, remained in pouer thare for nine mair years, feenally bein defeatit at the Battle o Panipat in 1526.[5] Atween 1540 an 1556, Afghans, beginnin wi Sher Shah Suri, an Hindu Keeng Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (cried Hemu an aw), ruled the aurie. It achievit fame as the caipital o the Mughal Empire frae 1556 tae 1658. It is a major tourist destination acause o its mony splendid Mughal-era biggins, maist notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort an Fatehpūr Sikrī, aw three o which are UNESCO Warld Heritage Steids.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://www.census2011.co.in/city.php
  2. World Gazetteer online India: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". Accessed 25 March 2010.
  3. Williams, Monier. "Sanskrit-English Dictionary". Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries. Cologne University. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  4. "Agra District profile". Official Website of Agra maintained by National Informatics Centre (NIC) of the Government of India. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  5. "Agra Fort". Archaeological Survey of India. Archived from the original on 3 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

* Official website of Agra