Eastren Province, Saudi Arabie

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Eastren Province
Province
الشرقية
Map o Saudi Arabie wi the Eastren Province heichlichtit
Caipital Dammam
Government
 • Govrenor Prince Muhammad bin Fahd
Area
 • Total 710,000 km2 (270,000 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 3,360,157
 • Density 4.73/km2 (12.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 04

The Eastren Province (Arabic: الشرقية Ash-Sharqīyah‎) is the lairgest province o Saudi Arabie, locatit in the east o the kintra on the Persian Gulf coast, an haes land borders wi Kuwait, Qatar, the Unitit Arab Emirates, Oman, an Yemen. It haes an aurie o 710,000 km² an a population o 3,360,157 (2004 census). Its caipital is Dammam, an its govrenor is Prince Mohammed bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Adjacent tae Ad-Dammam is Al-Khobar, a commercial center an a vibrant seaport. The King Fahd Causeway, completit in 1986, links the Eastren Province tae neighborin island kintra o Bahrain.

The gateway tae the province is King Fahd International Airport, the lairgest airport in the warld in terms o land aurie.

The soothren pairt o the province, wi mair than hauf o the aurie, belangs tae the lairgely uninhabitit Rub' al Khali (Empty Quarter) desert.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Saudis gained control o the aurie efter the collapse o the Ottoman Empire. The inhabitit auries haed been kent as Al-Ahsa (الأحساء) unner Ottoman rule, an the entire region wis maistly kent as Bahrain (البحرين) frae pre-Islamic times till 1521. Mony Saudi history beuks/airticles caw the Eastren Province Hasa an Qatif (الأحساء و القطيف) acause the maist famous auncient ceeties in it are Qatif an Al-Hasa. Maist ither ceeties—notably Dammam an Khobar—wur built in the 20t century.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Saudi Aramco, the state-awned ile producin company o Saudi Arabie, is based in Dhahran, which is locatit in the Eastren Province, an maist decisions on ile policy an production that affect the global economy are made there. The kinrick's main ile an gas fields are maistly locatit in the Eastren Province, onshore an affshore. Notable amang these are the ghawar ilefield an the lairgest crude increment in the warld. Petroleum frae the fields is shipped tae dozens o kintras frae the ile port o Ras Tanura an is an aa uised as feedstock in numerous industrial plants in Jubail.

Saudi Arabia's seicont major product, dates, an aa forms a lairge pairt o Eastren Province's economy. Ivery year thoosans o tonnes o dates are harvestit frae the date palms in the giant oases o Al-Ahsa an Qatif.

Admeenistrative deevisions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Leet o Ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]