|Stylistic oreegins||Hivy metal (esp. early 1970s Black Sabbath albums)|
|Cultural oreegins||Early–mid 1970s, Europe an Unitit States|
|Typical instruments||Electric guitar − Bass − Drums − Vocals|
|Mainstream popularity||Unnergrund, wi some exposur in Scandinavie an Eastren Europe.|
|Derivative forms||Gothic metal - Sludge metal - Post-metal|
|Epic doom − Drone doom − Funeral doom - Gothic metal|
|Stoner doom – Sludge doom – Daith/doom - Black/doom|
Doom metal is an extreme form o hivy metal that typically uises slower tempos, law-tuned guitars an a muckle "thicker" or "hivier" soond than ither metal genres. Baith the muisic an the leerics intend tae evoke a sense o despair, dread, an impendin doom. The genre is strangly influenced bi the early wirk o Black Sabbath, who formed a prototype for doom metal wi sangs such as "Black Sabbath" an "Into the Void". Durin the first hauf o the 1980s, a number o baunds frae Ingland (Pagan Altar, Witchfinder General), the Unitit States (Pentagram, Saint Vitus, Trouble) an Swaden (Candlemass, Count Raven) defined doom metal as a distinct genre.
Table o contents
At the beginnin o the 1990s, experimentation athin doom metal became widespread, an the genre diversifeed as a result. The day, baunds who continue the style o the genre's pioneers are aften referred tae as traditional doom metal. Traditional doom metal baunds mair commonly uise heicher guitar tunins, an dae no play as slow as mony ither doom baunds. Traditional doom baunds typically play slow tae mid-tempo sangs wi a thick an hivy soond. Vocals are uisually clean wi the occasional groul or scream. The leerics in traditional doom uisually are eerie an daurk like ither doom metal diveesions. Some modren baunds that play traditional doom metal are Ogre, Reverend Bizarre, an Witchcraft.
Epic doom haes a hivy classical influence. Ane o the main characteristics are the Vocals; vocalists typically employ clean, operatic an choral singin. Leerics an imagery are typically inspired bi fantasy or meethology, while the drummin is performit in a bombastic fashion. Housomeivver, distinguishin epic doom frae traditional doom mey be difficult. Examples o prominent epic doom baunds include Candlemass, Solitude Aeturnus, Solstice an Doomsword.
- Main airticle: Stoner rock
Stoner doom, stoner metal or psychedelic doom describes doom metal that incorporates psychedelic elements, tae varyin degrees. Stoner doom is aften bass-hivy an maks much uise o guitar effects such as fuzz, phaser or flanger. Stoner doom cold be viewed as the hivier an slower form o stoner rock, as the twa styles emergit simultaneously. It wis pioneered in the early–mid 1990s bi baunds such as Kyuss, Sleep, Acid King, Electric Wizard, Orange Goblin an Sons of Otis.
- Main airticle: Sludge metal
Sludge metal (kent as sludge doom an aw) is a style that combines doom metal an hardcore punk, an sometimes soothren rock. Mony sludge baunds compose slow an hivy sangs that contain brief hardcore passages. Housomeivver, some baunds emphasise fast tempos throughoot their muisic. The string instruments are hivily distortit an are aften played wi lairge amoonts o feedback tae produce an abrasive, sludgy soond. Drummin is aften performit in typical doom metal fashion, but drummers mey employ hardcore d-beat or double-kick drummin durin faster passages. Vocals are uisually shoutit or screamit, an leerics aften focus on sufferin, drug abuse, politics an anger towards society. The style wis pioneered in the early 1990s bi baunds such as Eyehategod, Crowbar, Buzzov*en, Acid Bath,an Grief.
Funeral doom is a style o doom metal that crosses daith/doom wi funeral dirge muisic. It is played at a vera slow tempo, an places an emphasis on evokin a sense o emptiness an despair. Typically, electric guitars are hivily distortit an dark ambient aspects such as keybuirds or seenthesizers are aften uised tae create a "dreamlike" atmosphere. Vocals consist o mournful chants or grouls an are aften in the backgrund. Funeral doom wis pioneered bi Mournful Congregation (Australie), Funeral (Norawa), Thergothon (Finland), Skepticism (Finland) an Corrupted (Japan). It is unclear whether the genre's name wis derivit frae the baund Funeral (ane o the genre's pioneers) or frae the genre's affiliation wi funeral dirge muisic.
- Main airticle: Drone metal
Drone doom (basically kent as drone metal) is a style o doom metal that is lairgely defined bi drones; notes or chords that are sustained an repeatit throughoot a piece o muisic. Typically, the electric guitar is performit wi lairge amoonts o reverb an feedback while vocals, if present, are uisually grouled or screamit. Sangs are aften vera lang an lack beat or rhythm in the traditional sense. Drone doom is generally influenced by drone music, noise music and minimalist muisic. The style emergit in the early 1990s an wis pioneered bi Earth, Boris an Sunn O))).
- Main airticle: Daith/doom
Daith/doom is a style that combines the slow tempos an pessimistic atmosphere o doom metal wi the deep groulin vocals an double-kick drummin o daith metal. Influencit maistly bi the early wirk o Hellhammer / Celtic Frost, the style emergit durin the late 1980s an gained a certain amoont o popularity durin the 1990s. Arguably, the first baund tae delve intae this style o slow-pacit daith metal wur the Pittsburgh-based Dream Death, who anerlie released ane full-length album before evolvin intae the traditional doom metal baund Penance. They wur shortly follaeed bi the baund Goatlord oot o Las Vegas, Nevada. Death/doom wis pioneered bi baunds such as Winter, Disembowelment, Paradise Lost, Autopsy, Anathema an My Dying Bride an aw.
Black/doom (ken as blackened doom an aw) is a style that combines doom metal an black metal. Examples o blackened doom baunds include Forgotten Tomb, Woods of Ypres, Dragged Into Sunlight an Vhernen.
- Main airticle: Gothic metal
The term is often confused with death/doom, especially since a lot of gothic metal bands have a daith metal past. Gothic metal refers to a development in the 1990s oot o doom an daith metal, as more bands started using strings, keyboards and female vocals. Beside the typical slow riffs were female vocals and/or Gregorian chants, quite often with melodic keyboard sounds also added. Atmosphere seems more important than technique like in death an the muisic aften soonds mair feminine than doom metal. There are sometimes elements of gothic rock, but many bands prefer tae refer tae their muisic as symphonic metal. The Netherlands an Scandinavie are the maist important places athin this genre.
Baunds wi female sangsters like Tristania, Theatre of Tragedy an The Gathering wur the pioneers. Ither baunds wi this style are The Sins of Thy Beloved, Ashes You Leave, Draconian an Sirenia. Baunds wi male sangsters such as Type O Negative an Tiamat are includit in this genre an aw.
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