Black rhinoceros

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Black rhinoceros or
Huik-lipped rhinoceros[1]
Black rhinoceros at the St. Louis Zoo
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Genus: Diceros
Gray, 1821
Species: D. bicornis
Binomial name
Diceros bicornis
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Subspecies

Diceros bicornis bicornis
Diceros bicornis brucii
Diceros bicornis chobiensis
Diceros bicornis ladoensis
Diceros bicornis longipes
Diceros bicornis michaeli
Diceros bicornis minor
Diceros bicornis occidentalis

Historical black rhinoceros range (ca. 1700 A.D.).[3] Hatched: Possible historical range in West Africa.[4]
Current black rhinoceros range

  native   reintroduced   introduced   possibly extinct   extinct

The black rhinoceros or hook-lipped rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a species o rhinoceros, native tae eastren an central Africae includin Kenyae, Tanzanie, Cameroon, Sooth Africae, Namibie, Zimbabwe, an Angolae. Altho the rhinoceros is referred tae as black, its colours vary frae broun tae gray.

The ither African rhinoceros is the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). The wird "white" in the name "white rhinoceros" is a misinterpretation o the Afrikaans wird wyd, itself derived frae the Dutch word wijd for wide, referrin tae its square upper lip, as opponed tae the pyntit or huiked lip o the black rhinoceros. These species are nou sometimes referred tae as the square-lipped (for white) or huik-lipped (for black) rhinoceros.[5]

The species oweraw is classified as critically endangered, an ane subspecies, the wastren black rhinoceros, wis declared extinct bi the IUCN in 2011.[6][7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Perissodactyla". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 635–636. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. Emslie, R. (2011). "Diceros bicornis". IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naiture. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  3. Hillman-Smith, A.K.K. & Groves, C.P. (1994). "Diceros bicornis" (PDF). Mammalian Species (455): 1–8. doi:10.2307/3504292. JSTOR 3504292. 
  4. Rookmaaker, L.C. (2004). "Historical distribution of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) in West Africa" (PDF). African Zoology 39 (1): 63–70. 
  5. White rhinoceros, Animal Corner
  6. Emslie, R. (2011). "Diceros bicornis ssp. longipes". IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naiture. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  7. Knight, Matthew (2011-11-10) Western black rhino declared extinct. Us.cnn.com.