Banner o Germany
The black-red-gowd tricolour first appeared in the early 19t century an achieved prominence during the 1848 Revolutions. The short-lived Frankfurt Parliament o 1848–1850 proposed the tricolour as a banner for a unitit an democratic German state. Wi the formation o the Weimar Republic efter Warld War I, the tricolour wis adoptit as the naitional banner o Germany. Follaein Warld War II, the tricolour wis designatit as the banner o baith Wast an East Germany. The twa banners wur identical till 1959, when the East German banner wis augmentit with the coat o airms o East Germany. Synee reunification on 3 October 1990, the black-red-gowd tricolour haes remained the banner o Germany.
The banner o Germany haes no aaways uised black, red, an gowd as its colours. Efter the Austro-Proushyan War in 1866, the Proushyan-dominatit North German Confederation adoptit a tricolour of black-white-red as its banner. This banner later became the banner o the German Empire, formed follaein the unification o Germany in 1871, an wis uised till 1918. Black, white, an red wur reintroduced as the German naitional colours wi the establishment o Nazi Germany in 1933.
The colour schemes of black-red-gowd an black-white-red hae played an important role in the history o Germany an hae haed various meanins. The colours o the modern banner are associatit wi the republican democracy formed efter Warld War II, an represent German unity an freedom: no anerlie the freedom o Germany, but an aa the personal freedom o the German fowk.
The oreegins o the colours black-red-gowd lie in the freedom wars o 1813 against Napoleon. The uniforms o the Luetzowschen Freikorps (Lützow Free Corps) reflectit these colours. The Korps consistit o students, which wur risin against the occupation o Germany bi the French. They wur a voluntary unit in the airmy an came frae aw ower Germany. Their commander was Major Adolf von Luetzow. Since they were from different parts of Germany and were all wearing different colored clothes, the only possibility for them, in order to have a uniform appearance, was to color their clothes black. Additionally they were wearing golden colored (brass) buttons as well as red trimmings.
The German relation tae black an gowd surfaced in the radical 1840's, when the black-red-gowd banner wis uised tae seembolize the movement against the Conservative European Order that wis established efter Napoleon's defeat.
The Frankfurt Parliament haed declared the black-red-gold as the official colors of the German Confederation, wi the red in the tricolour maist likely referencin the Hanseatic League, an the gowd an black seembolizin Austrick as its empire considered tae be "German", haed an influence ower (what wad become) soothren Germany. There are mony theories in circulation regardin the oreegins o the colour scheme utilized in the 1848 banner. It haes been proposed that the colors wur those o the Jena Student's League, ane o the radically mindit Burschenschaften banned bi Metternich in the Carlsbad Decrees. Anither claim goes back tae the uniforms (mainly black wi red facins an gowd buttons) o the Lützow Free Corps, comprisin maistly university students an formed durin the struggle against the occupyin forces o Napoleon. It is durin the mid-nineteent century that red became seenonymous wi revolution an Karl Marx's socialist vision. Whaiver the true explanation, these colors suin came tae be regardit as the naitional colors o Germany durin this brief period, an especially efter their reintroduction durin the Weimar period, they hae become seenonymous wi leeberalism in general.