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Lang s

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(Reguidit frae Lang S)
Teetle page o John Milton's Paradise Lost

The lang, medial or descendin s (ſ) is a kyn o wee letter 's' whit wis uised whaur 's' occurred in the mids or at the stairt o a ward, for ensaumple ſinfulneſs ("sinfulness"). The modren letter wis cried the terminal or cuttie s.

Modren uiss[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lang s in Berlin 2002

The lang 's' is representit in Unicode bi the sign U+017F in the Latin Extended-A range, an mey be representit in HTML as ſ or ſ.

the integral of f

The lang 's' survives in elangatit form, an wi a italic-style bowt descender, as the integral symbol ∫ uised in calculus; Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz based the chairacter on the Laitin wird summa (sum), whilk he clarkit ſumma. This uiss first appeart for public in his paper De Geometria, publisht in Acta Eruditorum o Juin, 1686,[1] bit he haed uised it in private manuscripts syne at least 1675.[2]

In lingueestics a siclike glyph (ʃ) (cried "esh") is uised in the International Phonetic Alphabet, in whilk it soonds the voiceless postalveolar fricative, the first soond in the Scots wird shae.

In Scandinavian an German-speakin kintras, relics o the lang ſ haud on in signs an logaes whit uise various kynds o fraktur typefaces. Ensaumples include the logaes o the Norse newspapers Aftenpoſten an Adresſeaviſen; the packagin logae faur Finnish 'Siſu' pastilles; an the Jägermeiſter logae.

Anither survival o the lang s wis the abbreviation uised in Scots an Inglis for shillin, as in 5/-, whar the forrit slash stood in for the lang s whilk haed been lang forgotten bi aw bit antiquarians.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mathematics and its History, John Stillwell, Springer 1989, p. 110
  2. Early Mathematical Manuscripts of Leibniz, J. M. Child, Open Court Publishing Co., 1920, pp. 73–74, 80.