Zeus

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Zeus
God o the sky, lichtnin, thunder, law, orner, juistice
Jupiter Smyrna Louvre Ma13.jpg
The Jupiter de Smyrne, discovered in Smyrna in 1680[1]
Abode Munt Olympus
Consort Hera an various ithers
Parents Cronus an Rhea
Siblings Hestia, Hades, Hera,
Poseidon, Demeter
Childer Ares, Athena, Apollo,
Artemis, Aphrodite,[2] Dionysus,
Hebe, Hermes, Heracles,
Helen o Troy, Hephaestus, Perseus,
Minos, the Muses, the Graces
Roman equivalent Jupiter

In the auncient Greek releegion, Zeus (Auncient Greek: Ζεύς, Zeús; Modren Greek: Δίας, Días) is the "Faither o Gods an men" (πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε, patḕr andrōn te theōn te)[3] who rules the Olympians o Munt Olympus as a faither rules the faimily. He is the god o sky an thunner in Greek meethologie. His Roman coonterpairt is Jupiter, Hindu coonterpairt is Indra an Etruscan coonterpairt is Tinia.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The god's name in the nominative is Ζεύς Zeús /zdeús/. It is inflectit as follaes: vocative: Ζεῦ / Zeû; accusative: Δία / Día; genitive: Διός / Diós; dative: Διί / Dií.

The name Zeus is the Greek continuation o *Di̯ēus, the Proto-Indo-European god o the daytime sky, cried *Dyeus ph2tēr an aw ("Sky Father").[4] The god is kent unner this name in the Rigveda (Vedic Sanskrit Dyaus/Dyaus Pita), Laitin (compare Jupiter, frae Iuppiter, derivin frae the Proto-Indo-European vocative *dyeu-ph2tēr[5]), derivin frae the ruit *dyeu- ("tae shine", an in its mony derivatives, "sky, heiven, god").[4] Zeus is the anerly deity in the Olympic pantheon whose name haes such a transparent Indo-European etymologie.[6]

The earliest attestit forms o the name are the Mycenaean Greek di-we an di-wo, written in Linear b syllabic script.[7]

Zeus in meeth[eedit | eedit soorce]

Consorts an childer[eedit | eedit soorce]

Divine affspring[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mither
Childer
Aega

Aegipan[8]

Ananke or Themis

Moirai/Fates1

  1. Atropos
  2. Clotho
  3. Lachesis
Demeter
  1. Persephone
  2. Zagreus
Dione or Thalassa Aphrodite
Eos
  1. Ersa
  2. Carae
Eris

Limos

Eurynome/Eurydome/
Eurymedusa/Euanthe
Charites/Graces2
  1. Aglaea
  2. Euphrosyne
  3. Thalia
Gaia
  1. Orion
  2. Manes
Hera
  1. Ares3
  2. Eileithyia
  3. Eris
  4. Hebe3
  5. Hephaestus3
  6. Angelos
Leto
  1. Apollo
  2. Artemis
Maia

Hermes

Metis

Athena4

Mnemosyne
  1. Muses (Oreeginal three)
    1. Aoide
    2. Melete
    3. Mneme
  2. Muses (Later nine)
    1. Calliope
    2. Clio
    3. Erato
    4. Euterpe
    5. Melpomene
    6. Polyhymnia
    7. Terpsichore
    8. Thalia
    9. Urania
Nemesis Helen o Troy (possibly)
Persephone
  1. Zagreus
  2. Melinoe
Selene
  1. Ersa
  2. Nemean Lion
  3. Pandia
Thalia Palici
Themis
  1. Astraea
  2. Nymphs o Eridanos
  3. Nemesis
  4. Horae
    1. First Generation
      1. Auxo
      2. Carpo
      3. Thallo
    2. Seicont Generation
      1. Dike
      2. Eirene
      3. Eunomia
    3. Third generation
      1. Pherusa
      2. Euporie
      3. Orthosie
Unkent mither Aletheia
Unkent mither Ate
Unkent mither Caerus
Unkent mither Litae
Unkent mither Tyche

Semi-divine/mortal affspring[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mither
Childer
Aegina
  1. Aeacus
  2. Damocrateia[9]
Alcmene Heracles
Antiope
  1. Amphion
  2. Zethus
Anaxithea Olenus
Asterope, Oceanid Acragas
Callisto Arcas
Calyce Aethlius (possibly)
Callirhoe (dochter o Achelous) nae kent affspring
Carme Britomartis
Cassiopeia Atymnius
Chaldene
  1. Solymus
  2. Milye
Danaë Perseus
Dia Pirithous
Elara
  1. Tityos
Electra
  1. Dardanus
  2. Iasion
  3. Harmonia
Europa
  1. Minos
  2. Rhadamanthus
  3. Sarpedon
  4. Alagonia
  5. Carnus
  6. Dodon[10]
Eurymedousa Myrmidon
Euryodeia Arcesius
Himalia
  1. Kronios
  2. Spartaios
  3. Kytos
Idaea, nymph Cres
Iodame Thebe
Io
  1. Epaphus
  2. Keroessa
Isonoe Orchomenus
Lamia
  1. Akheilos
  2. Herophile
Laodamia Sarpedon
Leda
  1. Pollux
  2. Castor
  3. Helen o Troy5
Maera Locrus
Niobe
  1. Argus
  2. Pelasgus
Othreis Meliteus
Pandora
  1. Graecus
  2. Latinus
Phthia (dochter o Phoroneus) Achaeus (possibly)
Plouto Tantalus
Podarge
  1. Balius
  2. Xanthus
Protogeneia
  1. Aethlius (possibly)
  2. Opus
Pyrrha Hellen
Semele Dionysus
Taygete Lacedaemon
Thyia
  1. Magnes
  2. Makednos
Torrhebia Carius
Nymph African Iarbas
Nymph Samothracian Saon (possibly)
Nymph Sithnid Megarus
Unkent mither
  1. Calabrus
  2. Geraestus
  3. Taenarus
Unkent mither Corinthus
Unkent mither Crinacus

1The Greeks variously claimit that the Moires/Fates wur the dochters o Zeus an the Titaness Themis or o primordial beins like Chaos, Nyx, or Ananke.

2The Charites/Graces wur usually considered the dochters o Zeus an Eurynome but they wur said tae be dochters o Dionysus an Aphrodite or of Helios an the naiad Aegle an aw.

3Some accoonts say that Ares, Hebe an Hephaestus wur born parthenogenetically.

4Accordin tae ane version, Athena is said tae be born parthenogenetically.

5Helen wis either the dochter o Leda or Nemesis.


References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The sculpture was presented to Louis XIV as Aesculapius but restored as Zeus, ca. 1686, by Pierre Granier, who added the upraised right arm brandishing the thunderbolt. Marble, middle 2nd century CE. Formerly in the 'Allée Royale', (Tapis Vert) in the Gardens of Versailles, now conserved in the Louvre Museum (official on-line catalog)
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named aphrodite
  3. Hesiod, Theogony 542 and other sources.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "American Heritage Dictionary: Zeus". Retrieved 2006-07-03. 
  5. "Online Etymology Dictionary: Jupiter". Retrieved 2006-07-03. 
  6. Burkert (1985). Greek Religion. p. 321. ISBN 0-674-36280-2. 
  7. Palaeolexicon, Word study tool of ancient languages
  8. Hyginus, Fabulae 155
  9. Scholia on Pindar, Olympian Ode 9, 107
  10. Stephanus o Byzantium, s. v. Dōdōne, wi a reference tae Acestodorus

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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