Wikipedia:Whit wey til edit a page

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Wikipaedia is a WikiWiki, an that means that oniebodie can edit onie unprotectit airticle an see thair chynges on that page belyve. Mair aboot editin can be fund at Wikipedia:Lessons.

Editin a Wiki page is gey eith. Juist sneck on the "Edit this page" tag at the tap (or the edit link on the richt or laggin end) o a Wiki page. This'll tak ye tae a page wi a text kistie haudin the text that can be editit on that page. Gin ye juist want tae experiment, ye maun dae that in the saundpit, no here. Ye shoud scrieve a wee edit summarie in the smaw kistie ablo the edit-kistie. Ye can uise shorthaund tae descrieve the chynges ye'v made, as pitten forrit in the leigend. When ye'r feinisht, sneck on scance ower for tae see hou yer chynges'll leuk. Gin ye'r content wi yer wark, press "Hain" an yer chynges will tak effect belyve.

Ye can sneck on the "Collogue" tag for tae see the marraed talk page, whaur ither Wikipaedia uisers haes pitten comments aboot the page. Sneck on the "+" tag for tae eik a new section, or edit the page the same wey as an airticle page.

Whit wey tae best edit Wikipaedia airticles[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ye shoud aye uise a neutral pynt o view; Wikipaedia isna an airt whaur yer ain conceits can be pitten forrit.

Cite yer soorces sae that ithers can check yer wark, an eik til it. Maist Wikipaedia airticles is wantin references the nou, an this contreibutes tae the ae graetest creiticism o Wikipaedia — that it isna a soorce that can be lippent on. Please help bi resairchin online an prentit resoorces for tae find references for the airticle ye're wirking on, then cite thaim, an conseider citation athin the text for contentious facts. The'r nae consensus on the best wey tae dae this, but oniething's better nor naething. Ye can aither uise in-text citation in academic form like (Author, 2004, pp 22–23) or as a superscript1 tae a fitmerk that ye pit at the hinner end o the airticle.

Efter makkin a new page, it's a guid idea tae:

  • Leuk at yer page, uise Whit airts tae here in the tuilkist for tae hae a read o the airticles that aareadies pynts til it, an mak siccar that thay aa hae the same meaning that ye'v gien;
  • Uise the Rake button for tae rake throu Wikipaedia for yer topic teitle (an onie variants) for tae find airticles that mentions it, an eik airtins frae thaim tae yer ain page.

Wee edits[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hae a leuk at Wee edits an aa

When editin a page, a uiser that's signed in can merk that edit "wee". Wee edits juist means sortin spellins an grammar, formattin an the layoot o text (tho caw cannie whan editin spellin; the'r monie competin orthographies for Scots, an whit's a mistak tae you micht be hailie logical tae the oreiginal author). Ye can hide wee edits whan ye'r leukin at Wikipedia:Recent chynges. Merkin an important chynge as a wee edit is thocht tae be an ill lait, mair sae gin ye'v deletit some text. If a bodie haes merkit an edit as bi mistak, the bodie shoud edit the soorce again, merkin it as major (that is, makkin siccar the tick-box for "This is a wee edit" isna tickit) an, in the summarie, say that the aforegaun chynge wis a major ane.

Wiki merkup[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wiki merkup is the seintax seistem ye can uise for tae format a Wikipedia page.

In the left-haund column o the table ablo, ye can see whit ye can dae wi the merkup. In the richt-haund column, ye can see the seintax ye need. In ither wirds, for tae get the effects on the left, type it in the format ye see on the richt.

Ye mibbe want tae keep this page aside in anither brouser windae for reference. Gin ye want tae try things out athoot the risk o daein onie herm, ye can open saundpit. in anither windae or tag haudin this page aside for reference.

Sections, paragraphs, leets an lines[eedit | eedit soorce]

Whit it leuks like Whit ye type

Stairt yer sections wi heider lines:

Merk: Aesome equal signs wirks for formattin heidlines; houaniver, as a convention for this wiki, dinna uise thaim.


New section

Subsection

Sub-subsection


== New section ==

=== Subsection ===

==== Sub-subsection ====

Newline:

An aesome newline haesna onie effect on the layoot.

But a tuim line stairts a new paragraph.

(<p> disables this paragraphin till </p> or the end o the section)

(in Cologne Blue twa newlines an a div tag juist gies the ae newline; in the order newline, div tag, newline, the affcome is twa newlines)


An aesome
newline
haesna an
effect on the
layoot.

But a tuim line
stairts a new paragraph.
Ye can brak lines
athoot stairtin a new paragraph.

The wikitext code <br> is eneuch; the XHTML code <br /> isna needit, acause the seistem produces this code.

Ye can brak lines<br>
athoot stairtin a new paragraph.
  • Leets is eith makkit:
    • stairt ilka line wi a starn
      • mair starns means deeper levels
  • A newline
  • in a leet

merks the end o the leet.

  • O coorse
  • ye can
  • stairt ower.
* Leets is eith makkit:
** stairt ilka line wi a starn
*** mair starns means deeper levels
*A newline
*in a leet  
merks the end o the leet.
*O course
*ye can
*stairt ower.

  1. Nummered leets is guid an aa
    1. gey organized
    2. eith tae follae
  2. A newline
  3. in a leet

merks the end o the leet..

  1. New nummerin stairts
  2. frae 1.
# Nummered leets is guid an aa
## gey organized
## eith tae follae
#A newline
#in a leet  
merks the end o the leet..
#New nummerin stairts
#frae 1.
  • Ye can e'en dae mixt leets
    1. an nest thaim
      • like this
        or hae newlines
        inby leets
* Ye can e'en dae mixt leets
*# an nest thaim
*#* like this<br>or hae newlines<br>inby leets
  • Ye can brak
    • lines forby,
      inby leets
      like this
* Ye can brak
**lines forby, <br>inby leets<br>like this
Defineition leet 
leet o defineitions
eitem 
defineition o the eitem
; Defineition leet : leet o defineitions
; eitem : defineition o the eitem
A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline stairts a new paragraph.

  • This is foremaist for encyclopaedie maiterial, but is uised for collogue on Talk pages forby.
:A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline stairts a new paragraph.
GIN a line o plain text stairts wi a space THAN
  it'll be formattit juist
    like it's typed;
  in a fixt-weinth font;
  lines winna wap;
ENDGIN // :-) Scots programmin!
this is uissfu for:
  * batterin afore-formattit text;
  * algorithm descreeptions;
  * programmme soorce code
  * ASCII airt;
  * chemical structurs;

WAIRNIN Gin ye mak it braid, ye mak the hail page braid an sae less readable. Ne'er stairt ordinar lines wi spaces.

(see ablo forby)
GIN a line o plain text stairts wi a space THAN
  it'll be formattit juist
    like it's typed;
  in a fixt-weinth font;
  lines winna wap;
ENDGIN // :-) Scots programmin!
this is uissfu for:
  * batterin afore-formattit text;
  * algorithm descreeptions;
  * programme soorce code
  * ASCII airt;
  * chemical structurs;
Midlined text.
<center>Midlined text.</center>
A horizontal shedline: abuin

an ablo.

(Houaniver, a section heider is for ordinar mair uissfu. The horizontal shedline shoud be uised onlie gin whit's follaein is logicallie pairt o the same section; ithergates that pairt wad be hidden in the TOC.)
A [[horizontal shedline]]: abuin
----
an ablo.

Tae summarise the effect o an aesome newline: for ordinar it haes nae effect, but it ends a leet item or indentit pairt, sae chyngin some text intil a leet item, or indentin it, is mair o a fash if it conteins newlines, acause thay maun be remuived; see Dinna uise line braks an aa.

Airtins, URLs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Whit it leuks like Whit ye type
Dauvie's readin about mathematics.
  • First letter o the tairget is made intae a muckle letter.
  • Spaces is representit inby bi unnerscores (typin an unnerscore dis the same thing as typin a space, but this isna recommendit).

Sae the airtin abuin taks ye til AIRTIN TAE MATHEMATICS TAE BE PITTEN HERE, an that's the page wi the name "Mathematics".

Dauvie's readin aboot [[mathematics]].

Airtin tae a section on a page, for ensaumple, AIRTIN TAE BE PITTEN HERE; whan pyntin til a section disna wirk, the airtin wirks as an airtin tae the heid o the page; this applees for:

  • airtins tae sections that disna exist
  • airtins in reguidals
  • interwiki airtins
AIRTIN TAE BE PITTEN HERE
The tairget o an airtin an its label ar differs: wir ain leid.

(This is cried a piped airtin).

The tairget o an airtin an its label differs: [[Test-wp/sco/Scots leid|wir ain leid]].
Endins is eikit intae the airtin: AIRTINS WI GRAMMATICAL ENDINS TAE BE PITTEN HERE
Endins is eikit intae the airtin: AIRTINS WI GRAMMATICAL ENDINS TAE BE PITTEN HERE

Automaticallie hide maiter in brackets: AIRTINS WI BRACKETS TAE BE PITTEN HERE

Automaticallie hide namespace: Mercat Cross.

The server fills in the pairt efter the | whan ye hain the page. The neist time ye open the edit kistie ye'll see the expandit piped airtin. The scance ower shaws the abbreviate form richt, but disna expand it in the edit kistie. Sneck on Hain an syne Edit ower, an ye'll see the expandit version. The same applees for the follaein featur.

Automaticallie hide maiter in brackets:
[[kingdom (biology)|]]. 
Automaticallie hide namespace:
[[Wikipedia:Village pump|]].
Whan ye're eikin a comment tae a Talk page,

ye shoud sign it. Ye can dae this bi eikin three tildes (shooglie line, ~) for yer uiser name:

Mendor

or fower for uiser name an the date an time:

Mendor 19:44, 31 May 2005 (UTC)
Whan ye're eikin a comment tae a Talk page, ye shoud sign it. Ye can dae this bi
eikin three tildes (shooglie line, ~) for yer uiser name:
: ~~~
or fower for uiser name an the date an time:
: ~~~~
The wather in Glesca is a page that disna yit exist.
  • Ye can mak it bi sneckin on the airtin.
  • For tae mak a new page:
    1. Mak an airtin til it on anither page.
    2. Hain that page.
    3. Sneck on the airtin that ye juist made. The new page will open for editin.
  • Hae a leuk at the The wey tae stairt a page guide, the Names guide an the Spellin an grammar guide.
[[The wather in Glesca]] is a page that disna yit exist.

Reguide ae airticle teitle til anither bi pittin text like this in its first line.

#REDIRECT [[Scotland]]

An airtin til the page on the same subject in anither leid or, mair generallie, til a page on anither wiki: fr:Wikipédia:Aide. For mair help hae a leuk at m:Help:Interwiki linking (in Inglis)

[[fr:Wikipédia:Aide]], [[:fr:Wikipédia:Aide]]
"Airtins til this page" an "Relatit chynges" can be pyntit til uisin:

Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:Whit wey til edit a page an Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:Whit wey til edit a page

[[Special:Whatlinkshere/
Wikipedia:Hou tae edit a page]] an
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/
Wikipedia:Hou tae edit a page]]
Airtins til ither wabsteids: Nupedia, [1]
Airtins til ither wabsteids:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia],
[http://www.nupedia.com]
Or juist pit the URL: http://www.nupedia.com.
  • In the URL aa seimbols maun be amang: A-Z a-z 0-9 ._\/~%-+&#?!=()@ \x80-\xFF. Gin a URL conteins a different chairacter it shoud be convertit; for ensaumple, ^ maun be written %5E (for tae be leukit up in ASCII). A space can be convertit intil an unnerscore an aa.
Or juist pit the URL:
http://www.nupedia.com.

Tae pynt til beuks, ye can uise ISBN airtins. ISBN 0123456789X Hae a leuk at Help:ISBN links (in Inglis)

ISBN 0123456789X

Pynt til Request for Comments: RFC 123 (URL specified in mediawiki:Rfcurl) (in Inglis)

RFC 123

For tae mak airtins tae uplaids that isna picturs, sic as soonds, uise a "media" airtin.
Sound


[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]
Uise airtins for dates, sae that aabodie can set the order that the dates kythes in for thairsels. Uise Special:Preferences for tae chynge yer ain date settins.
[[Julie 20]], [[1969]] , [[20 Julie]] [[1969]]
an [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
will aa kythe as 20 Julie 1969 gin ye set yer date display preference tae 1 Januar 2001.

Eemages[eedit | eedit soorce]

Whit it leuks like Whit ye type
A pictur: Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia
  • For mony projects, only eemages that's been uplaidit tae the same project or the Commons can be uised. For tae uplaid eemages, uise the uplaid page. Ye can find the uplaidit eemage on the eemage list
A pictur: [[Image:Wiki.png]]

or, wi alternate text (fordert strang)

[[Image:Wiki.png|Wikipedia 
- The Free Encyclopedia]] 

s renders alternate text whan no shawin an eemage -- for example, whan the eemage isna laidit, or in a text-only brouser, or whan spoken lood oot. See for a a haund walin alternate text. See for mair chyces.

Sneckin on an uplaidit eemage shaws a descreeption page, that ye can airt straucht tae an aw: Image:Wiki.png

[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

For tae include links tae eemages shawn as links insteid o drawn on the page, uise a "media" link.
Image of a Tornado


[[media:Tornado.jpg|Pictur o a Tornado]]

Chairacter formattin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Whit it leuks like Whit ye type

Emphaseeze, strang, gey an strang.

  • Thir's dooble an triple apostrophes, no dooble quotes.
''Emphaseeze'', '''strang''',
'''''gey an strang'''''.

Ye can write italic an bauld an aw, gin the socht effect is a speceefic font style raither nor emphasis, as in mathematical formulaes:

F = ma
  • Houaniver, the differ atween thir twa weys isna awfu important for graphical brousers, an mony fowk slings a deifie tae it.
Ye can write <i>italic</i>
an <b>bauld</b> an aw if the socht effect is a 
speceefic font style raither nor emphasis, as 
in mathematical formulaes:
:<b>F</b> = <i>m</i><b>a</b>
A typewriter font for technical terms.
A typewriter font for 
<tt>technical terms</tt>.
Ye can uise wee text for caiptions.
Ye can uise <small>wee text</small> 
for caiptions.
Ye can strick throu dicht maiter

an unnerline new maiter.

Ye can <strike>strick throu dicht maiter</strike>
an <u>unnerline new maiter</u>.

Umlauts an accents: (See MediaWiki User's Guide: Creatin speicial chairacters)
è é ê ë ì í

À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ


è é ê ë ì í

&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring;
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml;
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve;
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave;
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute;
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil;
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc;
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute;
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

Punctuation:
¿ ¡ « » § ¶
† ‡ • - – —

&iquest; &iexcl; &laquo; &raquo; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; - &ndash; &mdash;

Commercial seembols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥

£ ¤
&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen;
&pound; &curren;
Subscript: x2

Superscript: x2 or x²

  • The latter wwy o superscript canna be uised in the maist general context, but is liefer when possible (as wi units o meisurement) acause maist brousers haes an easier time formattin lines wi't.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

1 hectare = 1 E4 m²

Subscript: x<sub>2</sub>
Superscript: x<sup>2</sup> or x&sup2;

or in projects wi the templates sub an sup:

Subscript: x{{sub|2}}
Superscript: x{{sup|2}}

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.

1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m²]]
Greek chairacters:

α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω

&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta;
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu;
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho;  &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi;
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;

Maths chairacters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇔
→ ↔ ↑

&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge; 
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &harr; &uarr;
x2   ≥   0 true.
  • For tae haud things apairt, uise non-brakkin spaces - &nbsp;.
  • &nbsp; hinders line braks in the mids o text an aw, this is uissfu in formulaes.
<i>x</i><sup>2</sup>&nbsp;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;&nbsp;0 true.

Complicate formulae:
  \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}

<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>

For tae compear the follaein examples:

airae →

italics link

airae      &rarr;

''italics''
[[link]]

Uise <nowiki> for tae dounhaud interpretation o wiki merkup, but interpret chairacter references an tirr newlines an multiple spaces:

airae → ''italics'' [[link]]

<nowiki>airrae      &rarr;

''italics''
[[link]]</nowiki>

Uise <pre> for tae dounhaud interpretation o wiki merkup an keep newlines an multiple spaces, an get typewriter font, but interpret chairacter references:

airae      →

''italics''
[[link]]
<nowiki><pre>airae      &rarr;

''italics''
[[link]]
</nowiki>

Uise leadin space on ilka line for tae keep newlines an multiple spaces, an get typewriter font:

airae      →
italics
link
 airae     &rarr;

 ''italics''
 [[link]]

Uise typewriter font:

airae →

italics link

<tt>airae      &rarr;</tt>

<tt>''italics''</tt>
<tt>[[link]]</tt>

Shaw chairacter references:

&rarr;

&amp;rarr;

Jottins amang the page soorce:
no shawn in page

  • Uised for tae lea' jottins in a page for futur editors.
<!-- write jottins here -->