Upper Austrick

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Location o Upper Austrick in Austrick

Upper Austrick (German: Oberösterreich, Czech: Horní Rakousko, Austo-Bavarie: Obaöstarreich) is ane o the nine states or Bundesländer o Austrick. Its caipital is Linz. Upper Austrick borders on Germany an the Czech Republic, as well as on the ither Austrian states o Lawer Austrick, Styrie, an Salzburg. Wi an aurie o 11,980 km² an 1.412 million inhabitants, Upper Austrick is the fowert-lairgest Austrian state bi land aurie an third-lairgest bi population.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oreegins[eedit | eedit soorce]

For a lang period o the Middle Ages, muckle o Upper Austrick belanged tae the Duchy o Styrie. In the mid 13t century the Traungau wis remuivit frae it bi Keeng Ottokar II o Bohemie, an it became kent as the Principality abuin the Enns River, this name being first recordit in 1264. (At the time the term "Upper Austrick" an aa includit Tyrol an various scattered Habsburg possessions in Sooth Germany.)

In 1490, the aurie wis given a measur o unthirldom athin the Holy Roman Empire, wi the status o a principality. By 1550 there wis a Protestant majority. In 1564, Upper Austrick, thegither wi Lawer Austrick an the Bohemie territories, fell unner Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II.

At the stairt o the 17t century the coonter-reformation wis institutit unner Emperor Rudolf II an his successor Matthias. Efter a military campaign, the aurie wis unner the control o Bavarie for some years in the early 17t century.

The Innviertel wis cedit frae the Duchy o Bavarie tae Upper Austrick in the Treaty o Teschen in 1779. Durin the Napoleonic Wars, Upper Austrick wis occupeed bi the French airmy on mair than ane occasion.

Present day[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hallstatt, a veelage in Upper Austrick

In 1918, efter the collapse o Austrick-Hungary, the name Oberösterreich wis uised tae describe the province o the new Austrick. Efter Austrick wis annexed bi Adolf Hitler, Upper Austrick became Reichsgau Oberdonau, although this an aa includit the soothren pairt o the Sudetenland, annexed frae Czechoslovakie, an a sma pairt o Styrie. In 1945, Upper Austrick wis pairtitioned atween the American zone tae the sooth an the Soviet zone tae the north.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Upper Austrick is traditionally dividit intae fower regions: Hausruckviertel, Innviertel, Mühlviertel, an Traunviertel.

Admeenistratively, the state is dividit intae 15 destricts (Bezirke), three Statutarstädte an 444 municipalities.

Statutarstädte[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Linz
  2. Steyr
  3. Wels

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Braunau am Inn
  2. Eferding
  3. Freistadt
  4. Gmunden
  5. Grieskirchen
  6. Kirchdorf an der Krems
  7. Linz-Land
  8. Perg
  9. Ried im Innkreis
  10. Rohrbach
  11. Schärding
  12. Steyr-Land
  13. Urfahr-Umgebung
  14. Vöcklabruck
  15. Wels-Land

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]