Tocantins (Portuguese pronunciation: [tokɐ̃ˈtʃĩs]) is ane o the states o Brazil. (Frae: Tukã´, Toucan + tï, beak. lit. "Toucan's beak" in Tupi). The state wis formed in 1988 oot o the northren pairt o Goiás, an construction began on the caipital, Palmas, in 1989, in contrast tae maist o the ither ceeties in the state which date back tae the Portuguese colonial period. It is the newest Brazilian state an, acause it is still vera young, it is developin slowly, biggin on its maist important resources: the rivers Araguaia an Tocantins, the lairgest hydro basin entirely inside Brazilian territory. Acause it is in the central zone o the kintra, it haes characteristics o the Amazon, but also has open pastures. The Ilha do Bananal, in the soothwast o the state, is the lairgest fluvial island in the warld. Tocantins is hame tae the Araguaia Naitional Pairk an the Carajás Indian reservations an aw. Anither heichlicht is the Jalapão, aboot 250 kilometers frae the caipital, Palmas. Thare, the rivers create true oases in the dry landscape, attractin mony ecotourists tae the region.
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