Slovenj Gradec

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Slovenj Gradec
Slovenj Gradec is located in Slovenia
Slovenj Gradec
Slovenj Gradec
Location in Slovenie
Coordinates: 46°30′33.69″N 15°4′44.97″E / 46.5093583°N 15.0791583°E / 46.5093583; 15.0791583Coordinates: 46°30′33.69″N 15°4′44.97″E / 46.5093583°N 15.0791583°E / 46.5093583; 15.0791583
Kintra Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenie
Tradeetional region Styrie
Statistical region Carinthie
Municipality Slovenj Gradec
Area
 • Total 5.6 km2 (2.2 sq mi)
Elevation 413 m (1,355 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 7,557
[1]

Slovenj Gradec (pronounced [slɔˈveːn ˈɡraːdəts]; German: Windischgrätz, efter aboot 1900 Windischgraz) is a toun in northren Slovenie. It is the centre of the Ceety Municipality o Slovenj Gradec. It is pairt o the historic Lawer Styrie region, an syne 2005 it haes belangit tae the NUTS-3 Carinthie Statistical Region. The toun is locatit aroond 45 km wast o Maribor an 65 km northeast o Ljubljana.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historically, Slovenj Gradec wis pairt o the Duchy o Styrie athin the Austrian Empire till 1918, when, wi the rest o Lawer Styrie, it wis includit in the new Kinrick o the Serbs, Croats an Slovenes.

Atween the mid 19t century an 1945, the toun wis a German-speakin island in a Slovene-speakin aurie. In the 1880 census, toun o Slovenj Gradec, or Windischgrätz, as it wis cried, wis 75 percent German-speakin an 25 percent Slovene-speakin[2], but amang the German speakin population there wur allegedly those - like the faimily o the componer Hugo Wolf- o mixed ethnic oreegin.

Efter the end o Warld War I, mony o the local German speakin inhabitants muivit tae Austrick; those that remained wur gradually assimilatit tae or re-integratit intae the Slovene-speakin majority. Efter Warld War II, aw remainin ethnic Germans wur expelled frae Yugoslavie an Slovenj Gradec lost its tradeetional presence o German speakers.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The pairish kirk in the toun is dedicatit tae Saunt Elizabeth o Hungary an belangs tae the Roman Catholic Airchdiocese o Maribor. It is first mentioned in written documents datin tae 1235. Richt next tae it is a Gothic chapel dedicatit tae the Holy Spirit wi frescos datin tae the mid-15t century.[3]

In 2003, an aircheological excavation uncovered the remains o wha is believit tae be the auldest kirk in aw o Styrie, datin tae the Carolingian period.

Famous fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

The German/Austrian noble faimily o the Princes o Windisch-Grätz, first mentioned in 1220, haed their oreeginal hame in a castle near the toun [4] an teuk their name frae the toun's German name.

In 1860, the componer Hugo Wolf wis born in the toun. The hoose in which he wis born is nou a muisic schuil. Slovenj Gradec is the birthplace o the alpine skiier Tina Maze, Slovenie naitional fitbaa team fitbawers Marko Šuler an Mirnes Šišić, an creetical theorist Renata Salecl.

Twin touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Some o the information in this airticle is based on an translatit frae that foond in its German equivalent.
  1. Statistical Office o the Republic o Slovenie
  2. Meyers Konversationslexikon, 5th ed., Leipzig-Vienna 1897, vol. XVII, p. 794
  3. Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference numbers ešd 658 & 659
  4. Der Große Brockhaus, Leipzig 1935, vol. XX, p.359

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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