Slovenj Gradec (German: Windischgraz or, older, Windischgrätz) is a toun an a municipality in northren Slovenie. It wis traditionally pairt o the Styrie region an is nou includit in the Carinthie statistical region. The toun is locatit aroond 45 km wast o Maribor an 65 km northeast o Ljubljana.
Historically, Slovenj Gradec wis pairt o the Duchy o Styrie athin the Austrian Empire till 1918, when, with the rest of Lower Styria, it was included in the new Kinrick o the Serbs, Croats an Slovenes.
Atween the mid 19t century an 1945, the toun wis a German-speakin island in a Slovene-speakin aurie. In the 1880 census, toun o Slovenj Gradec, or Windischgrätz, as it wis cried, wis 75 percent German-speakin an 25 percent Slovene-speakin, but amang the German speakin population there wur allegedly those - like the family o the composer Hugo Wolf- o mixed ethnic oreegin.
Efter the end o Warld War I, mony o the local German speakin inhabitants moved tae Austrick; those that remained wur gradually assimilatit tae or re-integratit intae the Slovene-speakin majority. Efter World War II, aw remainin ethnic Germans wur expelled frae Yugoslavie an Slovenj Gradec lost its traditional presence o German speakers.
The parish kirk in the toun is dedicatit tae Saunt Elizabeth o Hungary an belangs tae the Roman Catholic Airchdiocese o Maribor. It is first mentioned in written documents datin tae 1235. Richt next tae it is a Gothic chapel dedicatit tae the Holy Spirit wi frescos datin tae the mid-15t century.
In 1860, the composer Hugo Wolf wis born in the toun. The hoose in which he wis born is nou a muisic school. Slovenj Gradec is the birthplace o the alpine skiier Tina Maze, Slovenie naitional fitbaa team fitbawers Marko Šuler an Mirnes Šišić, an critical theorist Renata Salecl.
- Some o the information in this airticle is based on an translatit frae that foond in its German equivalent.
- Meyers Konversationslexikon, 5th ed., Leipzig-Vienna 1897, vol. XVII, p. 794
- Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference numbers ešd 658 & 659
- Der Große Brockhaus, Leipzig 1935, vol. XX, p.359