Skåne Coonty

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This airticle is aboot the admeenistrative coonty. For ither uisses, see Skåne (disambiguation).
Skåne Coonty
Skåne län
Coonty o Swaden
Coat o airms
Seal

 
Kintra Swaden
Caipital Malmö
Government
 • Govrenor Margareta Pålsson
 • Cooncil Skåne Regional Cooncil
Area[1]
 • Total 11,027 km2 (4,258 sq mi)
Population (31 Mairch 2011)[2]
 • Total 1,251,213
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP/ Nominal SEK 278,254 million (2004)
GDP per capita SEK 331,700 (2010)
NUTS Region SE224
Coonties afore 1997.

Skåne Coonty (Skåne län), kent as Scanie Coonty in Scots an aw, is the soothmaist admeenistrative coonty or län, o Sweden, basically correspondin tae the traditional province Scanie (which in Swadish is cried Skåne). It borders the counties of Halland, Kronoberg an Blekinge. The seat o residence for the Skåne Govrenor is the toun o Malmö. The heidquairters o Region Skåne is the toun o Kristianstad.[3]

The present coonty wis creatit in 1997 when Kristianstad Coonty an Malmöhus Coonty wur mergit, an it covers aroond 3% o Swaden's total aurie, but its population o 1,250,000 comprises 13% o Swaden's total population.

Endonym an exonym[eedit | eedit soorce]

When the new coonty wis established in 1997, it wis decidit tae name it efter the historical province Scanie, or Skåne, as it is cried in Swadish, so it wis given the name Skåne län. The maist common name uised in Scots is Skåne Coonty,[4][5][6] even if the form Scanie Coonty is no uncommon.[7][8][9][10] It can no be considered wrong tae uise either form in Scots.

Heraldry[eedit | eedit soorce]

The coat of arms for Skåne County is the same as for the province of Scania only with the tinctures reversed and the crown, beak and tongue of the Griffin in the same color. When the arms is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board, which is the regional presence of (royal) government authority. Blazon: "Gules, a Griffin's head erased Or, crowned and armed the same".

Provinces[eedit | eedit soorce]

Skåne Coonty is the admeenistrative equivalent o the province o Scanie, but it includes an insignificant pairt o the province o Halland.

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

The seat o residence for the Govrenor or Landshövding is the toun o Malmö. The Coonty Admeenistrative Buird is a Government Agency heidit bi a Govrenor. See Leet o Skåne Govrenors.

The twa umwhile admeenistrative coonties o the province o Scanie shown on the map, Kristianstad Coonty an Malmöhus Coonty, which wur established in 1719 wur mergit in 1997, formin the present coonty wi bundaries that are amaist identical tae the bundaries o the province.

Coonty cooncil[eedit | eedit soorce]

Skåne Regional Cooncil (Region Skåne) is an evolvit Coonty Cooncil, which wis established in 1999 when the Coonty Cooncils o the umwhile coonties wur amalgamatit. Its main responsibilities are for the public healthcare seestem an public transport. In addition, it haes for a trial period assumit certain tasks frae the Coonty Admeenistrative Buird.

Its coonty or regional assembly is the heichest poleetical body in the region an its members are electit bi the electorate,[11] as opposed tae the coonty admeenistrative buird, that guards the naitional interests in the coonty unner the chairmanship o the o coonty govrenor (landshövding in Swadish).

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Skånes kommuner.

Skåne Coonty is subdividit intae 33 municipalities[12] (kommuner in Swadish), the lairgest being Malmö Municipality (301,000 inhabitants), Helsingborg Municipality (130,000), Lund Municipality (111,000 inhabitants) an Kristianstad Municipality (80,000 inhabitants). The municipalities hae municipal govrenments, similar tae ceety commissions, an are further dividit intae parishes. The parish diveesion is traditionally uised bi the Kirk o Swaden, but serves as a diveesionin measur for Swadish census an elections.

  1. Bjuv
  2. Bromölla
  3. Burlöv
  4. Båstad
  5. Eslöv
  6. Helsingborg
  7. Hässleholm
  8. Höganäs
  9. Hörby
  10. Höör
  11. Klippan
  1. Kristianstad
  2. Kävlinge
  3. Landskrona
  4. Lomma
  5. Lund
  6. Malmö
  7. Osby
  8. Perstorp
  9. Simrishamn
  10. Sjöbo
  11. Skurup
  1. Staffanstorp
  2. Svalöv
  3. Svedala
  4. Tomelilla
  5. Trelleborg
  6. Vellinge
  7. Ystad
  8. Åstorp
  9. Ängelholm
  10. Örkelljunga
  11. Östra Göinge

Electoral destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The electoral destricts o Skåne Coonty for naitional parliamentary elections

The coonty is dividit intae fower parliamentary constituences or electoral destricts, electin 45 o the 349 members o the Riksdag, the Parliament o Swaden. Each destrict is made up o ane or mair municipalities.

The poleetical pairties are representit bi the follaein number o MPs frae Skåne Coonty efter the Swadish general election, 2010:

Localities in order o size[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ten maist populous localities o Skåne Coonty as defined bi Statistics Sweden 2005:

# Locality Population
1 Malmö 258,020
2 Helsingborg 91 457
3 Lund 76 188
4 Kristianstad 33 083
5 Landskrona 28 670
6 Trelleborg 25 643
7 Ängelholm 22 537
8 Hässleholm 22 548
9 Ystad 17 286
10 Eslöv 16 551

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The motorwa built atween Malmö an Lund in 1953 wis the first motorwa in Swaden. Wi the openin o the Oresund Brig atween Malmö an Copenhagen (the langest combined road an rail brig in Europe) in 2000, the Swadish motorwas wur linkit wi European route E20 in Denmark, an the twa kintras' railway seestems wur pheesically connectit. Afore the brig wis built there wur train ferries operatit atween Helsingborg an Helsingør. There are train ferries tae an frae Germany an Poland an aw.

Scanie haes three major public airports, Malmö Airport, Ängelholm-Helsingborg Airport an Kristianstad Airport. Ane o the auldest airports in the warld still in uise is locatit in Scanie, namely Ljungbyhed Airport, in operation syne 1910. Stairtin in 1926, the Swadish Air Force uused the airport for flicht trainin, an up till the militar schuil wis myuvit tae the nearbi Ängelholm F10 Wing in 1997, the airport wis extremely busy. In the late 1980s, it wis Swaden's busiest airport, wi a record heich o mair than 1,400 tak-affs an landins per day.[13]

The major ports o Scanie are Trelleborg, Copenhagen Malmö Port an Helsingborg Harbour. Ferry connections athor the Easter Seas operate frae several smawer ports as well.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]