Sicilian Mafia

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The Mafia (kent as Cosa Nostra an aw) is a creeminal syndicate that emergit in the mid-nineteent century in Sicily, Italy. It is a loose association o creeminal groups that share a common organizational structur an code o conduct, an whose common enterprise is protection racketeering. Each group, kent as a "family", "clan", or "cosca", claims sovereignty ower a territory in which it operates its rackets – uisually a toun or veelage or a neebourheid (borgata) o a lairger ceety. Its members caw thairsels "men o honour", although the public aften refers tae them as "mafiosi".

Accordin tae the classic definition, the Mafia is a creeminality oreeginatin in Sicily.[1] Housomeivver, the term "mafia" haes become a generic term for ony organizit creeminal netwirk wi similar structur, methods, an interests.

The Mafia proper frequently parallels, collaborates wi or clashes wi, netwirks oreeginatin in ither pairts o soothren Italy, such as the Camorra (frae Campanie), the 'Ndrangheta (frae Calabrie), the Stidda (soothren Sicily) an the Sacra Corona Unita (frae Apulie).

The American Mafia arose frae affshuits o the Mafia that emergit in the Unitit States durin the late nineteent century, follaein waves o emigration frae Sicily. There wur similar affshuits in Canadae amang Italian Canadians. Housomeivver, while the same haes been claimit o organisit creeme in Australie,[2] this appears tae result frae confusion wi 'Ndrangheta, which is generally regardit as mair prominent amang Italian Australies.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lupo, The History of the Mafia, pp. 1-3
  2. Omerta in the Antipodes, Time, 31 January 1964.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Mafia at Wikimedie Commons

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