Sharjah (emirate)

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Sharjah
إمارة الشارقةّ Imārat ash-Shāriqa
Emirate
Emirate o Sharjah

Flag
Sharjah (emirate) is located in United Arab Emirates
Sharjah
Sharjah
Location of Sharjah in the UAE
Coordinates: 25°26′N 55°23′E / 25.433°N 55.383°E / 25.433; 55.383
Kintra Unitit Arab Emirates
Seat Sharjah
Subdiveesions
Government
 • Type Constitutional monarchy
 • Emir Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi
Area
 • Total 2,590 km2 (1,000 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 890,669

Sharjah (Inglis pronunciation: /ˈʃɑrdʒə/, Arabic: الشارقةAš Šāriqah) is ane o the emirates o the Unitit Arab Emirates (UAE). The emirate covers 2,600 km² (1,003 mi²) an haes a population o ower 800,000 (2008). The emirate o Sharjah comprises the ceety o Sharjah (the seat o the emirate), an ither minor touns an enclaves such as Kalba, Dibba Al-Hisn an Khor Fakkan.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historically, Sharjah wis ane o the walthiest touns in this region wi a settlement in existence for ower 5000 years. In the early 18t century Al Qasimi clan established itsel in Sharjah, c. 1727 declarin Sharjah independent. On 8 Januar 1820, Sheikh Sultan I signed the General Maritime Treaty wi Breetain, acceptin a protectorate tae keep the Ottoman Turks oot. Like fower o its neighbours, Ajman, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah, an Umm al-Qaiwain, its position on the route tae Indie made it important enough tae be recognizit as a salute state. On 2 December 1971, Sheikh Khalid III joined the Unitit Arab Emirates.

Emirates[eedit | eedit soorce]

The historically kent rulers wur:

  • c. 1727 - 1777 Sheikh Rashid bin Matar bin Rahma Al Qasimi
  • 1777 - 1803 Sheikh Saqr I bin Rashid Al Qasimi
  • 1803 - 1840 Sheikh Sultan I bin Saqr Al Qasimi (first time)
  • 1840 Sheikh Saqr bin Sultan Al Qasimi
  • 1840 - 1866 Sheikh Sultan I bin Saqr Al Qasimi (second time) (died 1866)
  • 1866 - 14 April 1868 Sheikh Khalid I bin Sultan Al Qasimi (died 1868)
  • 14 April 1868 - March 1883 Sheikh Salim bin Sultan Al Qasimi (died 1919) - since 1869 jointly with the following:
  • 1869 - 1871 Sheikh Ibrahim bin Sultan Al Qasimi
  • March 1883 - 1914 Sheikh Saqr II bin Khalid Al Qasimi (died 1914)
  • 13 April 1914 - 21 November 1924 Sheikh Khalid II bin Ahmad Al Qasimi
  • 21 November 1924 - 1951 Sheikh Sultan II bin Saqr Al Qasimi (died 1951)
  • 1951 - May 1951 Sheikh Muhammad bin Saqr Al Qasimi
  • May 1951 - 24 June 1965 Sheikh Saqr III bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1925–1993)
  • 24 June 1965 - 24 January 1972 Sheikh Khalid III bin Muhammad Al Qasimi (1931–1972)
  • 25 January 1972 - 1972 Sheikh Saqr bin Muhammad Al Qasimi (acting)
  • 1972 - 17 June 1987 Sheikh Dr. Sultan III bin Muhammad Al Qasimi (first time) (born 1939)
  • 17 June 1987 - 23 June 1987 Sheikh `Abd al-`Aziz bin Muhammad Al Qasimi (1937–2004)
  • 23 June 1987 - Sheikh Dr. Sultan III bin Muhammad Al Qasimi (seicont time)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]