Sharjah (Arabic: الشارقة) (ash-shāriqah; pronounced /ˈʃɑrdʒə/ in Inglis) is the third lairgest an maist populous ceety in the Unitit Arab Emirates. It is locatit alang the soothren coast o the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula.
Sharjah is the seat o govrenment o the emirate o Sharjah. Sharjah shares legal, poleetical, militar an economic functions wi the ither emirates athin a federal framewirk, although each emirate haes jurisdiction ower some functions such as civic law enforcement an provision an upkeep o local facilities. Sharjah haes been ruled bi the Al Qasimi dynasty syne 1972.
The ceety is a centre for cultur an industry, an alane contributes tae 7.4% o the GDP o the Unitit Arab Emirates. The city covers an approximate area of 235 km² and has a population of over 800,000 (2008).
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Mony researchers hae supposed that the wird Sharqah, tae which Sharjah owes its oreegins, comes frae licht. The terrain is so flat that the sun shines evenly on the land.
Sultan Al Omaimi, an Emirati poet an researcher in folk literature, says that some historians speculate that Sharjah wis the name o an idol worshipped in the pre-Islamic era which wis kent as Abed Al Shareq. It an aa haed a feminine form cried Al Shareqa. This idol, therefore, dates back tae antiquity, but haes been throughoot a strang presence in the region's traditions, says Obaid. Anither theory fynds that the wird Sharqah comes frae a fort in Andalusie as mentioned in the encyclopaedic beuk, "Kitab mu'jam al-buldan" written bi the Muslim scholar Yaqut Al Hamawi.
Ither researchers link the wird Sharqah tae the fact that the ceety is locatit tae the Sharq, or east, o Dubai an Abu Dhabi. Hence the Arabic classical form o Sharjah is Al Shareqah. It is the colloquial form that is Al Sharjah.
Historically, Sharjah wis ane o the wealthiest touns in this region wi a settlement in existence for ower 5000 years. In the early 18t century, the Qawasim clan (Huwayla tribe) establisht itsel in Sharjah, c.1727 declarin Sharjah independent. On 8 Januar 1820, Sheikh Sultan I signed the General Maritime Treaty wi Breetain, acceptin a protectorate tae keep the Ottoman Turks oot. Like fower o its neighbours, Ajman, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah, an Umm al-Qaiwain, its position on the route tae Indie made it important enough tae be recognized as a salute state (be it o the lawest class: 3 guns). On 2 December 1971, Sheikh Khalid III joined the Unitit Arab Emirates.
Like the ither umwhile Trucial States, Sharjah's name is kent bi mony stamp collectors acause o the lairge numbers o stamps that wur issued bi the Sharjah Post Office shortly afore the formation o the Unitit Arab Emirates. Mony o these items feature subjects unrelatit tae the emirates whose names they bear, an therefore mony popular catalogues dae no leet them.
Sharjah is the third lairgest ceety (efter Dubai an Abu Dhabi) in the Unitit Arab Emirates. The palace o the ruler o the Emirate o Sharjah (Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi) is locatit aboot 20 kilometres (12 mi) sootheast o the ceety.
The ceety o Sharjah owerleuks the Persian Gulf an haes a population o ower 800,000 (2008). It contains the main admeenistrative an commercial centers thegither wi an array o cultural an traditional projects, includin several museums coverin auries such as airchaeology, natural history, science, airts, heritage, Islamic airt an cultur. Distinctive landmarks are the twa major covered souks, reflectin Islamic design; a number o recreational auries an public pairks such as Al Jazeirah Fun Park an Al Buheirah Corniche. The ceety is an aa notable for its numerous elegant mosques. The Emirate o Sharjah is an aa kent tae be the Cultural Caipital o the UAE wi its rich legacy o airts, heritage an cultur.
There are several public an private schuils in addition tae universities in Sharjah, includin the University o Sharjah, the American University o Sharjah, Troy University - ITS Sharjah Campus, Skyline College Sharjah, Sharjah Men's College, an Sharjah Women's College some o those universities are grouped in ane place cried the University Ceety.
The Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium haes hostit amaist 200 cricket One Day Internationals, maire than ony ither grund, an 4 Test matches. Fitbaa clubs include Al Sharjah an Al-Shaab in the First League, an Al Hemriah, Al The-aed , Al Khaleej an Dibba in the 2nt league.
Syne 2003, there hae been nae major internaitional matches at Sharjah, although the stadium haes been the venue for certain ither matches, such as the 2004 ICC Intercontinental Cup. The uise o the venue haes declined as the new 20,000 seat Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium in Abu Dhabi haes become the preferred venue for cricket in the UAE.
Twin touns - sister ceeties
See an aa
- Sharjah and Dependencies - stamps and postal stationery on-line catalogue, Accessed on January 24, 2008.
- Carlton, R. Scott. The International Encyclopædic Dictionary of Philately. Krause: Iola, 1997, page 173.
- "Contact Info." Air Arabia. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "Air Arabia (UAE) Air Arabia Head Quarters Sharjah Freight Center (Cargo), near Sharjah International Airport P.O. Box 132 Sharjah, United Arab Emirates"
- Sobie, Brendan. "Low cost & regionals: Arabian pioneers." Flight International. April 23, 2007. Retrieved on February 8, 2011. "Air Arabia's headquarters is hidden in a dated cargo terminal at Sharjah airport,[...]"
- Travel guide tae Sharjah (ceety) frae Wikivoyage
- (Inglis) Sharjah Teaching Hospital
- (Arabic) Sharjah Municipality official website
- Sharjah Commerce and Tourism Development Authority
- Sharjah Police
- Sharjah Museums Department