Park Chung-hee

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Park Chung-hee
박정희
3rd Preses o Sooth Korea
In office
March 22, 1962 – October 26, 1979
Acting until December 17, 1963
Precedit bi Yun Bo-seon
Succeeded by Choi Kyu-hah
Chairman of the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction
In office
July 3, 1961 – December 17, 1963
Deputy Chairman from May 16, 1961
Precedit bi Chang Do-yong
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born September 30, 1917(1917-09-30)
Gumi, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Japanese Korea
Deed October 26, 1979(1979-10-26) (agit 62)
Seoul, Sooth Korea
Naitionality Korean
Poleetical pairty Democratic Republican
Spoose(s) Yuk Young-soo
Childer Park Geun-hye
Park Seo-yeong
Park Ji-man
Alma mater Manchukuo Imperial Airmy Academy an the Imperial Japanese Airmy Academy
Releegion Buddhism
Signatur
Military service
Service/branch Manchukuo Imperial Airmy
Republic o Korea Airmy
Years o service 1942–1963
Rank General
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Bak Jeong-hui
McCune–Reischauer Pak Chŏnghŭi
Pen name
Hangul 중수
Hanja
Revised Romanization Jungsu
McCune–Reischauer Chungsu

Park Chung-hee (30 September 1917 – 26 October 1979) wis a Republic o Korea Airmy officer an the leader o Sooth Korea frae 1961 tae 1979. Park seisit pouer in 1961 through a militar coup d'état an ruled unelectit till formal election as the third Preses o Sooth Korea in 1963. In 1972 he declared mairtial law, suspendit the kintra's constitution an made hissel preses for life. Despite survivin twa assassination attempts bi agents o North Korea, Park wis assassinated on 26 October 1979 bi the chief o his awn security services.[1] He ruled Sooth Korea for 18 years.

Park haes been creditit wi the industrialisation an rapid economic growt o Sooth Korea through export-orientit industrialisation.[2] Housomeivver, his rule wis dictatorial wi numerous human richts abuises occurin durin his years in pouer. Opinion is split regardin this legacy, atween those who credit Park for rebiggin war-ravagit Sooth Korea follaein the Korean War an those who condemn him for his authoritarian consolidation o pouer, pairticularly efter 1971. In 1999, Park wis namit bi Time magazine as bein ane o the top ten "Asies o the Century".[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. BBC News' "On this day"
  2. Developmental Dictatorship and the Park Chung-hee Era (Homa & Sekey, 2006)
  3. Time Asia: Asians of the Century, August 1999, Retrieved April 20, 2010