|• ISO 259||Nahriya|
|• Type||Ceety (frae 1961)|
|• Heid o Municipality||Jacky Sabag|
|• Total||10,233 dunams (10.233 km2 or 3.951 sq mi)|
Table o contents
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Nahariya wis foondit bi German Jewish immigrants frae the fift aliyah in the 1930s. Construction o hames stairtit in 1933, an the first twa families permanently settled in Nahariya on Februar 10, 1935, which is nou considered the offeecial foondin date o Nahariya.
Nahariya wis first intendit ta be an agricultural village, but the residents suin realized that agricultur in the aurie wis impractical at best, an therefore uised the natural settin an beaches o the aurie tae encourage tourism. Durin the Breetish Mandate o Palestine, mony Breetish officers comin frae Khartoum stopped in Nahariya.
Despite the failure o agriculture as an economic backbone, Nahariya's hard-working, industrious inhabitants turned to manufacturin. Indeed, Nahariya is hame tae some o Israel's leadin entrepreneurs - the Strauss, Soglowek an Wertheimer families, an several o Israel's maist successful private sector industrial enterprises wur foondit in Nahariya, e.g. the Strauss dairy company (nou Strauss-Elite fuid conglomerate), Soglowek meat processin company, an Iscar - the heich-precision metalwirks an tuil-makin giant, which wis recently purchased bi Berkshire Hathaway for US$5 billion.
Juist ayont the ceety limits is the beach at Achziv, which is pairt o a naitional pairk. There wis ance an important settlement an station on the auncient coastal road that linkt Egyp an Phoenicie. Jews hae lived in Nahariya synee the Seicont Temple period. The Crusaders built a castle there an cawed it Le'imbert.
Security issues[eedit | eedit soorce]
Ower the years, due tae its geographic location—anerlie 6 miles doun the coast frae Israel's border wi Lebanon, Nahariya haes been a frequent target baith o direct cross-border terrorist attacks, as well as o indirect mortar an Katyusha rocket fire. As recently as in July–August 2006, Nahariya sustained a barrage o several hunders o Katyusha rockets launcht bi Hezbollah frae soothren Lebanon. As a result, the ceety suffered multiple civilian casualties - wi 5 fatalities. Significant damage wis an aa inflictit on property an pheesical infrastructure. Furthermair, Nahariya's economy suffered a major blow, as twa thirds o the ceety's population haed tae evacuate, wi the rest spending weeks in bomb shelters, while the tourist season - a main drivin force o local economic activity - wis badly crippled.
Nahariya the day[eedit | eedit soorce]
Ga'aton Boulevard, the ceety's main avenue, runs east-wast frae the Coastal Hiehway junction tae the sea, an is dividit doun the middle bi the Ga'aton River, frae which Nahariya gets its name - nahar means "river" in Ebreu. Shadit bi the thick greenery o touerin auld-growth eucalyptus trees an lined wi numerous shops, boutiques, open-air cafes, restaurants an ice cream parlors, Sderot Ga'aton is Nahariya's main tourist attraction an its central business an entertainment destrict.
The beach aurie is an attraction in its awn richt, wi a public pairk, a waterfront promenade, twa public beaches, several hotels, a sma marina an a lively nichtlife in the multitude o beachfront cafes, bars, restaurants an nichtclubs.
Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]
Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]
Nahariya is twinned wi:
- Tempelhof-Berlin, Germany
- Bielefeld-NRW, Germany
- Miami Beach-Florida, USA
- Kecskemét-Bács-Kiskun, Hungary
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-30-06. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- "Nahariya". Retrieved 2007-12-17.
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