Hezbollah

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Hezbollah
Leader Hassan Nasrallah
Foondit 1985 (offeecially)
Ideology Shia Islamism
Anti-imperialism[1][2][3]
Anti-Zionism
Releegion Shia Islam
Colours Yellae, Green
Parliament o Lebanon
12 / 128
Cabinet o Lebanon
2 / 30

Hezbollah (pronoonced /ˌhɛzbəˈlɑː/;[4][5] Arabic: حزب اللهḤizbu 'llāh, leeterally "Pairty o Allah" or "Pairty o God")—an aa transleeteratit Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.[6]—is a Shi'a Islamic militant group an poleetical pairty based in Lebanon.[7][8][9] Its paramilitar wing is regardit as a resistance movement throughoot much o the Arab an Muslim warlds,[7] an is considered mair pouerfu nor the Lebanese Airmy.[10][11] The govrenments o the U.S.,[12] Netherlands,[13][14][15][16] Fraunce,[17] Gulf Cooperation Cooncil,[18] U.K., Australie, Canadae, the European Union[19] an Israel classify Hezbollah as a terrorist organization, in whole or in pairt.[20][21]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Elie Alagha, Joseph (2011). Hizbullah's Documents: From the 1985 Open Letter to the 2009 Manifesto. Amsterdam University Press. pp. 15, 20. ISBN 90-8555-037-8. 
  2. Shehata, Samer (2012). Islamist Politics in the Middle East: Movements and Change. Routledge. p. 176. ISBN 0-415-78361-5. 
  3. Husseinia, Rola El (2010). "Hezbollah and the Axis of Refusal: Hamas, Iran and Syria". Third World Quarterly 31 (5). 
  4. "Hezbollah". The Collins English Dictionary. Glasgow: HarperCollins. 2013. Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  5. "Hezbollah". Webster's New World College Dictionary. Cleveland: Wiley Publishing, Inc. 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  6. Ither transleeterations include Hizbollah, Hezballah, Hisbollah, Hizbu'llah an Hizb Allah.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Jamail, Dahr (July 20, 2006). "Hezbollah's transformation". Asia Times. Retrieved October 23, 2007. 
  8. "A Tweet too far: US editor latest victim of Internet Inquisition". RT. Retrieved October 19, 2010. [deid airtin]
  9. "Hezbollah (a.k.a. Hizbollah, Hizbu'llah)". Council on Foreign Relations. September 13, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2008. 
  10. Barnard, Anne (May 20, 2013). "Hezbollah's Role in Syria War Shakes the Lebanese". New York Times. Retrieved June 20, 2013. "Hezbollah, stronger than the Lebanese Army, has the power to drag the country into war without a government decision, as in 2006, when it set off the war by capturing two Israeli soldiers" 
  11. Morris, Loveday (June 12, 2013). "For Lebanon's Sunnis, growing rage at Hezbollah over role in Syria". Washington Post. Retrieved June 20, 2013. "... Hezbollah, which has a fighting force generally considered more powerful than the Lebanese army." 
  12. James B. Steinberg. "Designation of Kata'ib Hizballah as a Foreign Terrorist Organization". Bureau of Public Affairs, Office of the Spokesman. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  13. Norman, Lawrence; Fairclough, Gordon (September 7, 2012). "Pressure Mounts for EU to Put Hezbollah on Terror List". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  14. Krieger, Hilary Leila; , Weinthal, Benjamin (October 26, 2012). "US official urges EU to name Hezbollah 'terrorists". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved November 3, 2012. [deid airtin]
  15. "Dutch FM urges EU to place Hezbollah on terror group list". JTA. September 6, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  16. Muriel Asseraf, "Prospects for Adding Hezbollah to the EU Terrorist List", September 2007
  17. "Jewish Leaders Applaud Hezbollah Terror Designation by France". Algemeiner Journal. April 4, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  18. "GCC: Hezbollah terror group". Arab News. June 3, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  19. Kanter, James, Rudoren, Jodi (July 22, 2013). "European Union Adds Military Wing of Hezbollah to List of Terrorist Organizations". New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  20. Goldirova, Renata (September 17, 2008). "MEPs call on EU states to list Hezbollah as terrorist group". EUobserver. Retrieved August 6, 2009. 
  21. "Hezbollah, the Party of Terror. Why should be included in the EU terrorist list", Friends of Israel Initiative, October 5, 2012