Mitú

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Mitú
Ceety an municipality

Flag

Seal
Location o the toun an municipality o Mitú in Vaupés.
Mitú is located in Colombia
Mitú
Mitú
Location o the toun an municipality o Mitú in Vaupés.
Coordinates: 1°11′54″N 70°10′24″W / 1.19833°N 70.17333°W / 1.19833; -70.17333
Kintra Banner o Colombie Colombie
Region Amazonía
Depairtment Vaupés
Founded 1936
Government
 • Mayor Carlos Iván Ramiro Meléndez Moreno (L)[1]
Area
 • Total 16.422 km2 (6.341 sq mi)
Elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 14,112
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demonym Mituense
Area code(s) 57 + 8
Website Offeecial wabsteid (Spainyie)

Mitú is the caipital o the depairtment o Vaupés in Colombie.[2][3] It is a sma toun locatit in Sootheastren Colombie in the Amazon Basin. Foondit in 1936, Mitú, lies next tae the Vaupés River at 180 metres abuin sea level. It is whaur the core o the services (transport an trade) are providit tae Vaupés.

The Vaupés River serves as connectin link atween Mitú an nearbi hamlets on the riverbanks, but thare are nae roads connectin the toun tae rest o the kintra. Accessible anerlie bi airplane, Mitú is the maist isolatit caipital o depairtment in Colombie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The foondin o Mitú can be tracit tae the rivalry atween Brazilians an Colombies exploitin rubber in the basins an ranges o the upper Guainía an Apaporis rivers. Bi 1903 thare wis an intense activity exploitin rubber in the aurie aroond the Vaupés river uisin the local Indies, o the ethnic groups tucano an carijonas, as slaves.

Mitú wis erectit as a modest hamlet in October 1936 bi Miguel Cuervo Araoz. The toun servit as a meetin point atween different indigenous commonties, in addeetion o bein a centre o rubber tree exploitation, fur trade an missionar center. Its main activity wis the rubber trade for fuid, clothin an fuel. Efter bein for a time a tounship, in 1963 Mitú became the caipital o the Vaupés Commissar (Comisaria). In 1974, it wis made municipality an in 1991 it became the caipital o the new creatit depairtment.

In November, 1998 an estimatit 1,900[4] FARC guerrilla members o the Eastren Bloc o the FARC-EP treed tae tak ower the town by force, against 120 Naitional Polis members an ane Colombie Naitional Airmy Battalion. The Colombie Air Force an Airmy Aviation supportit grund forces wi air raids. Mitu wis left pairtially destroyed an some 60 polismen an 10 civilians dee'd alang wi ower 800 guerrilla members.[4] In their escape FARC teuk hostages as human shields includin some 40 tae 45 members o the Colombie Militar.[5]

On 13 Juin 2010, twa o the hostages captured in Mitu in 1998, Naitional Polis Col. (now Gen.) Luis Mendieta an Naitional Polis Col. Enrique Murillo wur freed bi the Colombie airmy in a rescue operation[6] that freed twa ithers captured in Miraflores tae the wast in 1998 an aw.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Mitú
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 34.0
(93.2)
34.6
(94.3)
34.5
(94.1)
33.8
(92.8)
32.8
(91.0)
32.1
(89.8)
32.1
(89.8)
32.6
(90.7)
33.7
(92.7)
33.5
(92.3)
34.1
(93.4)
33.2
(91.8)
34.6
(94.3)
Average heich °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
29.2
(84.6)
30.1
(86.2)
30.8
(87.4)
30.6
(87.1)
31.0
(87.8)
30.9
(87.6)
30.61
(87.09)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.97
(78.74)
Average laich °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
20.2
(68.4)
21.3
(70.3)
21.1
(70.0)
21.3
(70.3)
21.5
(70.7)
19.9
(67.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.8
(69.4)
21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70.0)
19.9
(67.8)
20.73
(69.31)
Record laich °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.2
(63.0)
19.2
(66.6)
17.8
(64.0)
19.6
(67.3)
19.0
(66.2)
16.5
(61.7)
16.8
(62.2)
16.1
(61.0)
18.0
(64.4)
19.0
(66.2)
16.6
(61.9)
17.2
(63.0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 257.1
(10.122)
209.5
(8.248)
228.8
(9.008)
331.2
(13.039)
381.5
(15.02)
373.6
(14.709)
385.4
(15.173)
301.2
(11.858)
241.0
(9.488)
234.0
(9.213)
219.0
(8.622)
193.3
(7.61)
3,355.6
(132.11)
Avg. precipitation days 13 13 15 19 22 21 23 20 16 15 17 16 210
Mean monthly sunshine hours 139.2 106.7 125.1 113.1 106.4 100.6 110.2 129.8 131.5 127.9 121.8 120.4 1,432.7
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales[7]

References an notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]