Mecca

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Mecca (pronounced /ˈmɛkə/), also spelled Makkah (occasionally Bakkah) (English: /ˈmækə/; Arabic:مكة Makkah an in full: Arabic:مكّة المكرمة transliteratit Makkah Al Mukarramah [mækːæt ælmukarːamæ]) is a ceety in Saudi Arabie, an the holiest meetin site in Islam, closely follaed bi Medina.[1][2][3]

Islamic tradition attributes the beginnin o Mecca tae Ishmael's descendants. In the 7t century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad proclaimed Islam in the ceety which wis bi then an important tradin center. Efter 966, Mecca wis led bi local sharifs. When the authority o the Ottoman Empire in the aurie collapsed in 1916, the local rulers establisht the Hashemite Kinrick o Hejaz.[4] The Hejaz kinrick, includin Mecca, wis absorbed bi the Saudis in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca haes seen tremendous expansion in size an infrastructure.

The modern day ceety is the caipital o Saudi Arabie's Makkah Province, in the historic Hejaz region. Wi a population o 1.7 million (2008), the ceety is locatit 73 km (45 mi) inland frae Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height o 277 m (909 ft) abuin sea level.

Ivery year, millions o Muslims perform the Hajj pilgrimage tae Mecca walkin seiven times aroond the Kaaba an mair than 13 million fowk visit Mecca annually.[5]

Etymology an uisage[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mecca is the oreeginal Inglis transliteration o the Arabic an is still maist commonly uised in English dictionaries,[6] bi internaitional organizations in their Inglis leid literature[7] an in academic writin.[8][9]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named peters_206
  2. Hoyle, Ben. "British architects to change the face of Mecca," The Times. November 29, 2008.
  3. Fattah, Hassan M.Islamic Pilgrims Bring Cosmopolitan Air to Unlikely City, New York Times. January 20, 2005.
  4. Mecca at Microsoft Encarta. ( Archived 2009-11-01.
  5. A Saudi tower: Mecca versus Las Vegas: Taller, holier and even more popular than (almost) anywhere else, The Economist, dated Jun 24th 2010, Cairo.
  6. Oxford English Dictionary (retrieved on 2009-09-24) indicates Mecca is the proper English language form and demonstrates the generic use of Mecca as in eg "a Mecca for holidaymakers"; there is no entry for Makkah as of 2009-09-24.
  7. For example the United Nations website, the US State Department website (e.g. "The Islamic juristic school known as Salafiyyah" and the British FCO website (example only as search can not be linked); all retrieved 2009-09-24.
  8. Wehr, Hans: "Arabic-English Dictionary", fourth edition (compact version), page 85.
  9. Penrice, John: "A Dictionary and Glossary of the Koran", page 19.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]