Kim Jong-il

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Kim Jong-il
김정일
Kim Jong-il on August 24, 2011.jpg
Kim Jong-il on 24 August 2011
Eternal General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea (Appellation)
Incumbent
Assumed office
11 Aprile 2012
Supreme Leader o North Korea
In office
8 Julie 1994 – 17 December 2011[1]
Premier Hong Song-nam
Pak Pong-ju
Kim Yong-il
Choe Yong-rim
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung (as Preses)
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un
General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Kim Yong-nam
Choe Yong-rim
Jo Myong-rok
Ri Yong-ho
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Position abolished
(Proclaimed Eternal Party general secretary after his death)
Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission o North Korea
In office
9 Aprile 1993 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Jo Myong-rok
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Position abolished as Kim Jong-il wis declared as the Eternal chairman on 13 Aprile 2012
Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Army
In office
24 December 1991 – 17 December 2011
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un[2]
Chairman o the Central Militar Commission o the Wirkers' Pairty
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Kim Jong-un
Ri Yong-ho
Precedit bi Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un
First Vice Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission o North Korea
In office
24 Mey 1990 – 9 Aprile 1993
Leader Kim Il-sung
Precedit bi Position creatit
Succeeded by O Chin-u
Personal details
Born 16 Februar 1941(1941-02-16)
Vyatskoye, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (Soviet records)
16 Februar 1942(1942-02-16)
Baekdu Mountain, Japanese Korea (North Korean biography)[a]
Deed 17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (agit 70)
Pyongyang [3], Democratic Fowk's Republic o Korea
Restin place Kumsusan Palace o the Sun, Pyongyang, Democratic Fowk's Republic o Korea
Poleetical pairty Wirkers' Pairty o Korea
Spoose(s) Kim Young-sook (1974–2011)
Domestic pairtner Song Hye-rim (1968–2002)
Ko Young-hee (1977–2004)
Kim Ok (2004–2011)
Childer Kim Sul-song
Kim Jong-nam
Kim Jong-chul
Kim Jong-un
Kim Yo-jong[4]
Alma mater Kim Il-sung University
Signatur
Military service
Allegiance  North Korea
Service/branch Korean Fowk's Army
Years o service 1991–2011
Rank Generalissimo (대원수)
Commands Supreme Commander
^ North Korean biographies, which claim his birth date as 16 February 1942, are generally nae considered tae be factually reliable. See below.

Kim Jong-il (born Yuri Irsenovich Kim, written as Kim Jong Il an aw; born 16 Februar 1941 - 17 December 2011) wis the supreme leader o the Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea (North Korea) frae 1994 tae 2011. He succeedit his faither an foonder o the DPRK Kim Il-sung follaein the elder Kim's daith in 1994. He wis the Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission, General Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea, an the Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Airmy, the fowert lairgest standin airmy in the warld. In Aprile 2009, North Korea's constitution wis amendit an nou implicitly refers tae him as the "Supreme Leader".[5] He wis an aw referred tae as the "Dear Leader", "oor Faither", "the General" and "Generalissimo".[6] His son Kim Jong-un wis promotit tae a senior position in the rulin Wirker's Pairty an is his successor.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "North Korea backs son after Kim Jong-Il death". Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  2. "North Korea: Kim Jong-un hailed 'supreme commander'". BBC News. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011. 
  3. https://www.google.com/search?q=Kim+jong+il+death+place&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS430US430&aq=f&oq=Kim+jong+il+death+place&aqs=chrome.0.57j0.10861j0&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#hl=en&q=where+did+kim+jong+il+die
  4. Lee Young-jong; Kim Hee-jin (8 August 2012). "Kim Jong-un’s sister is having a ball". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  5. McGivering, Jill (29 September 2009). "N Korea constitution bolsters Kim". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  6. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0456012/
  7. "NKorea prints photos of heir apparent Kim Jong Un". AP News. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.