Jacksonville is the lairgest ceety in the U.S. state o Florida an the coonty seat o Duval County. The governments o the Ceety o Jacksonville an Duval Coonty consolidated in 1968, expandin Jacksonville's ceety limits an makin it the lairgest ceety in land aurie continental Unitit States. Consequently maist o Jacksonville's metropolitan population lives athin its ceety limits, an it is the maist populous ceety proper in Florida an the thirteent maist populous in the Unitit States. Jacksonville is the principal ceety in the Greater Jacksonville Metropolitan Aurie, a region wi a population o mair than 1,313,228.
Jacksonville is locatit in the First Coast region o northeast Florida an is centred on the banks o the St. Johns River, aboot 25 miles (40 km) sooth o the Georgie border an aboot 340 miles (547 km) north o Miami. The Jacksonville Beaches communities are locatit alang the adjacent Atlantic coast. The aurie wis oreeginally inhabitit bi the Timucua fowk, an in 1564 wis the site o the French colony o Fort Caroline, ane o the earliest European settlements in wha is nou the continental Unitit States. Durin Florida's Breetish period a community grew at the narrow point in the river whaur cattle crossed, kent as Wacca Pilatka tae the Indians an Cowford tae the Breetish. The toun wis incorporatit in 1822, a year efter the Unitit States acquired the colony o Florida frae Spain, an renamed efter Andrew Jackson, the first military governor o the Florida Territory an seivent Preses o the Unitit States.
Harbor improvements since the late 19t century hae made Jacksonville a major military an civilian deep-water port. Its riverine location facilitates twa U.S. Navy bases an the Port o Jacksonville, Florida's third lairgest seaport. Significant factors in the local economy include services such as bankin, insurance, an healthcare; as wi muckle o Florida tourism is an aa important tae the Jacksonville aurie, in particular tourism relatit tae gowf.
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