Jacksonville, Florida

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Jacksonville
Consolidatit ceety–coonty
Ceety o Jacksonville
Tap, left tae richt: Dountoun Jacksonville, Riverplace Touer, statue o Andrew Jackson, Florida Theatre, Dames Point Bridge, Veterans Memorial Arena, EverBank Field, Friendship Fountain, Jacksonville Landing

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "Jax", "The River Ceety", "J-ville", "The Bauld New Ceety o the Sooth"
Motto: Whaur Florida Begins
Location in Duval Coonty an the state o Florida
Jacksonville, Florida is located in United States
Jacksonville
Jacksonville
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 30°20′13″N 81°39′41″W / 30.33694°N 81.66139°W / 30.33694; -81.66139[1]
Kintra Unitit States
State Florida
Coonty Duval
Foondit 1791
Incorporated 1832
Government
 • Type Strang Mayor–Cooncil
 • Mayor Alvin Brown (D)
 • Govrenin body Jacksonville Ceety Cooncil
Area[2]
 • Tot 874.6 sq mi (2,265 km2)
 • Land 747.0 sq mi (1,935 km2)
 • Water 127.6 sq mi (330 km2)
Elevation[1] 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2012 est.)[3][4]
 • Tot 836,507 (12t)
 • Density 1,100.1/sq mi (424.8/km2)
 • Urban 1,065,219
 • Metro 1,360,251
Time zone Eastren (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 32099, 32201–32212, 32214–32241, 32244–32247, 32250, 32254–32260, 32266, 32267, 32277, 32290
Area code(s) 904
FIPS code 12-35000[3]
GNIS featur ID 0295003[2]
Website coj.net

Jacksonville is the lairgest ceety in the U.S. state o Florida an the coonty seat o Duval County.[5] The governments o the Ceety o Jacksonville an Duval Coonty consolidated in 1968, expandin Jacksonville's ceety limits an makin it the lairgest ceety in land aurie continental Unitit States.[6] Consequently maist o Jacksonville's metropolitan population lives athin its ceety limits, an it is the maist populous ceety proper in Florida an the thirteent maist populous in the Unitit States. Jacksonville is the principal ceety in the Greater Jacksonville Metropolitan Aurie, a region wi a population o mair than 1,313,228.[7]

Jacksonville is locatit in the First Coast region o northeast Florida an is centred on the banks o the St. Johns River, aboot 25 miles (40 km) sooth o the Georgie border an aboot 340 miles (547 km) north o Miami. The Jacksonville Beaches communities are locatit alang the adjacent Atlantic coast. The aurie wis oreeginally inhabitit bi the Timucua fowk, an in 1564 wis the site o the French colony o Fort Caroline, ane o the earliest European settlements in wha is nou the continental Unitit States. Durin Florida's Breetish period a community grew at the narrow point in the river whaur cattle crossed, kent as Wacca Pilatka tae the Indians an Cowford tae the Breetish. The toun wis incorporatit in 1822, a year efter the Unitit States acquired the colony o Florida frae Spain, an renamed efter Andrew Jackson, the first military governor o the Florida Territory an seivent Preses o the Unitit States.

Harbor improvements since the late 19t century hae made Jacksonville a major military an civilian deep-water port. Its riverine location facilitates twa U.S. Navy bases an the Port o Jacksonville, Florida's third lairgest seaport.[8] Significant factors in the local economy include services such as bankin, insurance, an healthcare; as wi muckle o Florida tourism is an aa important tae the Jacksonville aurie, in particular tourism relatit tae gowf.[9][10]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. Population Growth, 2013. United States Census Bureau. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. "Cities with 100,000 or More Population in 2000 ranked by Land Area (square miles) /1, 2000 in Rank Order". U.S. Census Bureau, Administrative and Customer Services Division, Statistical Compendia Branch. March 16, 2004. Retrieved October 26, 2010. 
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 26, 2010. 
  8. "US Port Ranking by Cargo Volume 2008" American Association of Port Authorities
  9. Harding, Abel (April 3, 2010). "Golf tourism a boon for Northeast Florida". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved October 26, 2010. 
  10. "Jacksonville". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved October 26, 2010.