Itabira

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Location o Itabira athin Minas Gerais

Itabira is a Brazilian municipal destrict an ane o the main ceeties o the state o Minas Gerais. The ceety belangs tae the mesoregion Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte an tae the microregion o Itabira.

The first dounsets date tae the early aichteent century, when the veelage o Itabira do Mato Dentro wis foondit bi splorers seeking gowd. The ceety obteened its poleetical emancipation on 9 October 1848, throu the Provincial Law no. 374.

It is currently the twinty-fowert lairgest ceety o the state in population, wi 107,721 inhabitants (IBGE, 2006). It is kent as the "Capital o Poetry", birthplace o Carlos Drummond de Andrade, ceety o the Circuit o the Gowd an o the Estrada Real (Keeng's Road or Ryal Road).

The aurie which Itabira is locatit is ane o the maist important culturally an economically o Minas Gerais an o Brazil, possessin a important historical collection for the construction o the history o the Brazilian fowk.

It is locatit in the sootheast aurie, in the hert of Minas Gerais, at 104 kilometres o Belo Horizonte, 697 kilometres o the ceety o São Paulo, 545 kilometres o the Rio de Janeiro, 845 kilometres o the federal caipital Brasília an 510 kilometres o Vitória. The heichest point o the ceety is 1.672 metres abuin sea level (see Alto da Mutuca).

Itabira is the main ceety in its aurie an suffers wi air pollution caused bi the extraction o airn ore, main economical branch o it syne the creation o the Companhia Vale do Rio Doce in 1942, bi Preses Getúlio Vargas. The day, it is the seicont lairgest minin company in the warld, an great pairt o its production comes frae the mines of Itabira.

Itabira is componit bi the 2 destricts o Ipoema an Senhora do Carmo an aw, an the main access for smawer ceeties, such as: Jaboticatubas, Santa Maria de Itabira, Itambé do Mato Dentro an Nova Era. The closest internaitional airport is the Tancredo Neves Internaitional Airport (Confins), that serves Belo Horizonte an aw an great pairt o the state o Minas Gerais.

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Coordinates: 19°37′08″S 43°13′37″W / 19.61889°S 43.22694°W / -19.61889; -43.22694