Hod HaSharon

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Hod HaSharon
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu הוֹד הַשָּׁרוֹן
 • ISO 259 Hod ha Šaron
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic هود هاشرون

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Hod HaSharon is located in Israel
Hod HaSharon
Hod HaSharon
Coordinates: 32°09′N 34°53′E / 32.150°N 34.883°E / 32.150; 34.883
Destrict Center
Foondit 1964
Government
 • Type Ceety (frae 1990)
 • Heid o Municipality Hai Adiv
Area
 • Total 19,239 dunams (19.239 km2 or 7.428 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 45,700
Name meaning Splendor o the Sharon plain

Hod HaSharon (Ebreu: הוֹד הַשָּׁרוֹן‎‎, lit. "Splendor o the Sharon") is a ceety in the Center Destrict o Israel. Offeecially declared a ceety in 1990, Hod HaSharon wis creatit in 1964 frae the union o fower neighborin veelages: Magdiel, Ramatayim, Hadar, an Ramat Hadar.[1] Its offeecial land aurie is 19.239 square kilometers,[2] an accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), in December 2007 the ceety haed a total population o 45,700.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Four Seasons Park
Magdiel central synagogue
Magdiel garden

Hod HaSharon wis creatit in 1964 when the settlements o Magdiel, Ramatayim, Hadar, an Ramat Hadar merged. Hod Hasharon wis govrened bi a local cooncil till it wis declared a ceety in 1990.[4]

Magdiel[eedit | eedit soorce]

Magdiel wis foondit on August 2, 1924. The decision tae establish Magdiel wis reached at a foonders meetin in Tel Aviv in Julie. A group o 12 settlers o Ashkenazi oreegin received a plot o land frae Yehoshua Hankin which they cultivatit an prepared for fermin.[4]

Ramatayim[eedit | eedit soorce]

Atidim pairk
Sharonim maw

Ramatayim wis foondit in 1925 bi immigrants frae Poland.[1] It wis foondit on the principle o private initiative. Ramatayim wis built on twa hills connectit bi a valley, hence the name Ramatayim, literally 'twa hills'.[4] Ramatayim is nou the center o Hod HaSharon.

Hadar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hadar wis established in 1927 bi middle-class immigrants frae Eastren Europe, who wur joined suin efter bi a group o Italian Jews.[1] The land wis purchased frae the Abou Kishk Bedouin tribe. The pioneers decidit tae build a rural settlement based on citrus crops (hence the veelage's name, "Hadar" being Ebreu for "citrus"). In its early years, the fermers o Hadar an aa engaged in poultry fermin. In the early 1940s, Yemenite immigrants muivit tae Hadar, establishin the Shikun Hateymanim quarter, the day pairt o the Gannei Tzvi neighborhuid.[4] In 1951, Ramatayim an Hadar merged tae form Hadar Ramatayim.[1]

Ramat Hadar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ramat Hadar wis established in December 1938 bi middle-class immigrants frae Germany, members o the Fift Aliyah.[1] Ramat Hadar wis built on a hill atween Kfar Hadar, Ramatayim, an the main road frae Petah Tikva tae Ramatayim. The economy o Ramat Hadar wis based on sma ferms, mainly poultry fermin.[4]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hod HaSharon is locatit aroond 32°09′N 34°53′E / 32.150°N 34.883°E / 32.150; 34.883 on central Israel's Sharon Plain, pairt o the Israeli Coastal Plain. The ceety is locatit approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east o the Mediterranean coastline, sooth ofKfar Sava, sootheast o Raanana, an northeast o Ramat HaSharon. The ceety is approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) wast o the Wast Bank an 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northeast o central Tel Aviv.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the CBS, the ethnic makeup o the ceety wis in 2006 wis 99.9% Jewish an ither non-Arab, wi nae significant Arab population. In 2006 77 immigrants frae oot o Israel settled in Hod HaSharon as their first place o residence in the kintra, o whom 68.8% wur unner 18 years o age. 6.8% o the population o the ceety consists o immigrants tae Israel syne 1990. Bi 2025, the ceety is planned tae hae 80,000 inhabitants. The population density o Hod HaSharon is the lawest in the Sharon Plain.[4]

Accordin tae the CBS, in 2006 there wur 21,700 males an 22,800 females. The population o the ceety wis spread oot wi 33.2% 19 years o age or younger, 13.0% atween 20 an 29, 23.2% atween 30 an 44, 18.5% from 45 to 59, 3.6% from 60 to 64, and 8.6% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2006 wis 3.3%.[2]

Accordin tae the CBS, as o 2005, there wur 18,612 salaried wirkers an 2,006 are sel-employed in the ceety. The mean monthly wage in 2004 for a salaried wirker in the ceety wis ILS 9,698, a year-on-year increase o 7.1%. Salaried males haed a mean monthly wage o ILS 13,326 (a real chynge o 9.5%) versus ILS 6,306 for females (a real chynge o 1.6%). The mean income for the sel-employed is ILS 8,490. There are 335 fowk who receive unemployment benefits an 300 fowk who receive an income guarantee.[2]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the CBS, there are 18 schuils an 8,083 students in the ceety: 11 elementary schuils: The Democratic Schuil, HaMagen, Yigal Alon, Lapid, Shilo, Mamlachti Alef, Neve Ne'eman, Rabin, Re'ut an Tali (4,406 students). 4 middle schuils: HaRishonim, HaShachar, Atidim an Tzurim (1,628 students). 5 heich schuils: Hadarim, Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education, Ramon, Mossinzohn an Na'amat (2,049 students). 71.7% o the ceety's 12t graders wur entitled tae a matriculation certificate in 2001.[2]

The Mosenson youth veelage accepts baith Israelis an owerseas students.[5] The Alexander Muss Heich Schuil in Israel affers a program for American heich schuil students who spend twa months tae a year in Israel. Each year approximately hauf o the tent grade class frae the Milken Community Heich Schuil in Los Angeles, CA, come tae Hod Hasharon tae study for a semester alang wi this program.

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hod HaSharon is twinned wi:

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Local Authorities in Israel 2006, Publication #1315 - Municipality Profiles - Hod HaSharon". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  (Ebreu)
  3. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 "Identiy Card". Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  5. Mosenson youth village
  6. "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr Destrict". © 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 

Coordinates: 32°09′N 34°53′E / 32.150°N 34.883°E / 32.150; 34.883Template:Center District (Israel)