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Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521; Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães; Spainyie: Fernando de Magallanes) wis a Portuguese splorer. He wis born in Sabrosa, in northren Portugal, but later obtained Spainyie naitionality in order to serve Keeng Charles I o Spain in search o a wastward route tae the "Spice Islands" (modren Maluku Islands in Indonesie).
Magellan's expedition o 1519–1522 became the first expedition tae sail frae the Atlantic Ocean intae the Pacific Ocean (then named "peaceful sea" bi Magellan; the passage being made via the Strait o Magellan), an the first tae cross the Pacific. It an aa completit the first circumnavigation o the Yird, although Magellan hissel did no complete the entire voyage, being killed durin the Battle o Mactan in the Philippines. (Magellan haed, housomeivver, travelled eastwards tae the Malay Peninsula on an earlier voyage, so he became ane o the first splorers tae cross aw o the meridians o the globe.) O the 237 men who set oot on five ships, ae 18 completit the circumnavigation an managed tae return to Spain in 1522, led bi the Basque navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano, who teuk ower command o the expedition efter Magellan's daith. Seiventeen ither men arrived later in Spain: twelve men captured bi the Portuguese in Cape Verde some weeks earlier an atween 1525 an 1527, an five survivors o the Trinidad.
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