Euphrates

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Coordinates: 31°0′18″N 47°26′31″E / 31.00500°N 47.44194°E / 31.00500; 47.44194
Euphrates
Arabic: الفرات‎: al-Furāt[1], Turkis: Fırat[1], Kurdish: Firat, Ebreu: פרתPrat
River
The Euphrates near Halabiye (Sirie); the steid can be seen in the backgroond on the left bank
Name origin: frae Greek, frae Auld Persie Ufrātu, frae Elamite ú-ip-ra-tu-iš
Kintras Iraq, Sirie, Turkey
Basin aurie Turkey, Sirie, Iraq, Saudi Arabie, Kuwait
Tributaries
 - left Balikh, Khabur
 - right Sajur
Cities Birecik, Ar-Raqqah, Deir ez-Zor, Mayadin, Haditha, Ramadi, Habbaniyah, Fallujah, Kufa, Samawah, Nasiriyah
Landmarks Lake Assad, Lake Qadisiyah, Lake Habbaniyah
Source
 - location Murat Su, Turkey
 - elevation 3,520 m (11,549 ft)
Secondary source
 - location Kara Su, Turkey
 - elevation 3,290 m (10,794 ft)
Source confluence
 - location Keban, Turkey
 - elevation 610 m (2,001 ft)
Mouth Shatt al-Arab
 - location Al-Qurnah, Basra Governorate, Iraq
 - coordinates 31°0′18″N 47°26′31″E / 31.00500°N 47.44194°E / 31.00500; 47.44194
Length 2,800 km (1,740 mi) approx.
Basin 500,000 km2 (193,051 sq mi) approx.
Discharge for Hīt
 - average 356 m3/s (12,572 cu ft/s)
 - max 2,514 m3/s (88,781 cu ft/s)
 - min 58 m3/s (2,048 cu ft/s)
Cairt o the combined Tigris–Euphrates drainage basin (in yellae)
Wikimedia Commons: Euphrates

The Euphrates (Listeni/juːˈfrtz/; Arabic: الفرات‎: al-Furāt, Ebreu: פרת‎: Prat, Turkis: Fırat‎, Kurdish: Firat) is the langest an ane o the maist historically important rivers o Wastren Asie. Thegither wi the Tigris, it is ane o the twa definin rivers o Mesopotamie. Oreeginatin in eastren Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Sirie an Iraq tae join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties intae the Persie Gulf.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The earliest references tae the Euphrates come frae cuneiform texts foond in Shuruppak an pre-Sargonic Nippur in soothren Iraq an date tae the mid-third millennium BCE. In these texts, written in Sumerie, the Euphrates appears as Buranuna (logographic: UD.KIB.NUN). The name coud an aw be written KIB.NUN.(NA) or dKIB.NUN, wi the prefix "d" indicatin that the river wis deified. In Sumerie, the name o the ceety o Sippar in modren-day Iraq wis an aw a written UD.KIB.NUN, indicatin a historically strang relationship atween the ceety an the river. In Akkadian, the Euphrates wis cried Purattu.[2] The modren spellin o the Euphrates derives frae the Auld Persie Ufrātu via Middle Persie Frat intae Turkis Fırat.[1] The Persie Ufrātu (meanin the guid) is an aw the source o the Greek spellin Εὐφράτης (Euphrates).[3]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

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Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]