Cyrenaica

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Cyrenaica
Barqa / Barka

برقة
self-declared autonomous region[1][2] of Libya
Cyrenaica as an admeenistrative unit includit aw o eastren Libie frae 1927 tae 1963: Italian Cyrenaica frae 1927 tae 1937 an the Cyrenaica govrenorate till 1963.
Proclaimed 6 Mairch 2012
Caipital Bayda[3]
Government
 • Body Cyrenaica Transitional Cooncil[4] (declared)
General Naitional Congress (de facto authority)
Area[5]
 • Total 855,370 km2 (330,260 sq mi)
Population (2006)[6]
 • Total 1,613,749
 • Density 1.9/km2 (4.9/sq mi)

Cyrenaica (/srɨˈn.ɨkə/ SY-rə-NAY-ə-kə; Auncient Greek: Κυρηναϊκή, efter the ceety o Cyrene; Arabic: برقةBarqah; Berber: Berqa) is the eastren coastal region o Libie. An aa kent as Pentapolis in antiquity, it wis pairt o the Creta et Cyrenaica province during the Roman period, later dividit in Libia Pentapolis an Libia Sicca. During the Islamic period, the aurie came tae be kent as Barqa, efter the ceety o Barca.

Cyrenaica wis the name o an admeenistrative diveesion o Italian Libie frae 1927 till 1943, then unner Breetish militar an ceevil admeenistration frae 1943 till 1951, an finally in the Kinrick o Libie frae 1951 till 1963. In a wider sense, which is still uised, Cyrenaica is componed o aw o the eastren pairt o Libie, includin the Kufra Destrict. Cyrenaica is adjacent tae Tripolitania in the northwast an Fezzan in the soothwast. The region that uised tae be Cyrenaica offeecially till 1963 is nou dividit up intae several shabiyat, the admeenistrative diveesions o Libya).

Cyrenaica wis the birthplace o the Libie ceevil war, an wis lairgely unner the control o the Naitional Transeetional Cooncil for maist o the war; thair heidquarters wur in Benghazi.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/11/east-libya-declares-self-government-2013113195259621122.html
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Eastern Libyan leaders declare semi-autonomy". CNN. 7 March 2012. 
  3. [1] Alarabiya
  4. The battle for federalism in Libya's east Al Jazeera, 3 July 2012
  5. Abdel Aziz Tarih Sharaf, “Jughrafia Libia”, Munsha’at al Ma’arif, Alexandria, 2nd ed., 1971, pp.232-233.
  6. 2006 census, based on the sum o population o destricts Al Wahat, Kufra, Benghazi, Al Marj, Jebel Akhdar, Derna, Al Butnan
  7. "Endgame in Tripoli". The Economist. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011.