Coat o airms o Brazil

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Coat of arms of Brazil.svg

The coat o airms o Brazil wis creatit in November 19, 1889, fower days efter Brazil became a republic.

The coat o airms consists o the central emblem surroondit bi coffee (at the left) an tobacco (at the richt) branches, which wur important crops in Brazil at that time.

In the blue circle in the center, the Soothren Cross (an aa kent as Cruzeiro do Sul) can be seen. The ring o 27 starns aroond it represents Brazil's 26 states an the Federal Destrict.

The blue ribbon contains the offeecial name o Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil — Federative Republic o Brazil) in its first line. In the seicont line, the date o the federative republic's establishment (November 15, 1889) is written.

Naitional airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Naitional Airms o the Republic wur institutit bi Decree No. 4, wi alteration made bi Law No. 5443 o 28 Mey 1968 (Annex No. 8) The makin o the Naitional Airms shoud conform tae the proportions o 15 units o height bi 14 o width an take intae account the follaein proveesions:

  • I - The roond shield will be composed o a sky-blue [azul-celeste] field containin five silver [prata] starns arranged in the form o the Southren Cross, wi the bordure [bordura] o the field ootlined in gowd an chairged wi silver starns equal tae the starns existin in the Naitional Banner (Modification made bi Law No. 8421 o 11 Mey 1972).
  • II - The shield will be placed on a starn pairtit gyronny o ten pieces, green [sinopla] an gowd, bordered bi twa strips, the inner red [goles] an the ooter gowd.
  • III - Aw placed on a sword in pale, pommelled gowd, hiltit blue [blau], except for the center pairt, which is red [goles] an contains a silver starn, aw upon a croun formed bi a branch o coffee fruited on the dexter side an anither o flouerin tobacco on the sinister side, baith in proper colors, tied blue [blau], the whole assembled on a splendor o gowd, the contours of which form a star of 20 points.
  • IV - On a blue [blau] scroll, placed ower the pommel o the sword, inscribed in gowd the legend "República Federativa do Brasil" in the center, an an' a' the phrases "15 de Novembro" on the dexter end an "de 1889" on the sinister end.

Airms o the Empire o Brazil[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Airms o the Empire o Brazil wur uised bi baith Emperors Pedro I an Pedro II till the dounfall o the monarchy in 1889. These airms hae remained unuised syne.

On 18 September 1822, eleiven days efter proclaimin Brazil's unthirldom Ryal Prince Dom Pedro signed a decree institutin these airms statin "...henceforth the airms o this Empire o Brazil will be, on a green field, a gowd armillary sphere superimposed on a cross o the Order o Christ, the sphere encircled bi 19 silver starns on a blue circle; an an imperial croun wi diamonds set atop the shield, the sides o which will be embraced bi twa plants o coffee an tobacco, as emblems o its [the Empire's] riches, in their proper colors an tied at the bottom wi the naitional bow-knot."[1]

On 12 October 1822 when the newly independent kintra wis declared an Empire an Prince Pedro became the kintra's first emperor, the coat o airms became kent as the Imperial Coat o Arims.[1]

The number o starns in the coat o airms reflectit the number o provinces in the Brazilian Empire.

The design of the Crown in the coat of arms changed twice. From 18 September to 12 October 1822, the day when Emperor Dom Pedro I was crowned, the design of the Royal Crown of Portugal was used; from that day until 18 July 1841, the design of the Imperial Crown made for the first Brazilian Emperor was used.

On the latter date, when Brazil's seicont emperor, Pedro II wis crouned, uisin a new richer croun that wis manufactured for him, the design o such Croun replaced the image o the aulder diadem in the coat o airms, an remained in uise till the dounfall o the Empire. That is the best kent version o the imperial coat o airms o Brazil.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Vianna, Hélio. História do Brasil: período colonial, monarquia e república. 15. ed. São Paulo: Melhoramentos, 1994, p.417

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