Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl

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Nezahualcóyotl
Ciudad Neza
Ceety & Municipality
Municipal Palace o Ciudad Neza

Seal
Nezahualcóyotl is located in Mexico
Nezahualcóyotl
Nezahualcóyotl
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°24′00″N 98°59′20″W / 19.40000°N 98.98889°W / 19.40000; -98.98889
Kintra Banner o Mexico Mexico
State State o Mexico
Foondit 1930s
Municipal Status 1963
Government
 • Municipal Preses Edgar Cesáreo Navarro Sánchez
Area
 • Municipality 63.44 km2 (24.49 sq mi)
Elevationo seat 2,253 m (7,392 ft)
Population (2010)Municipality
 • Municipality 1,109,363
 • Seat 1,104,585
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code (of seat) 57500
Area code(s) 55
Website (Spainyie) Web site

Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl, or mair commonly Ciudad Neza, is a ceety an municipality o the State o Mexico adjacent tae the northeast corner o Mexico's Federal Destrict: it is thus pairt o the Mexico Ceety Metropolitan Aurie. It wis namit efter Nezahualcoyotl, the Acolhua poet an keeng o nearbi Texcoco, an wis built on the drained bed o Loch Texcoco. The name Nezahualcóyotl comes frae Nahuatl, meanin "fastin coyote."[1]

The ceety[eedit | eedit soorce]

Horse drawn garbage truck in Ciudad Neza

The ceety is leukit doun upon bi the residents o Mexico Ceety proper, cawin it “mi-Nezota” or “Neza York,” which refers tae its sprawlin size, an urban atmosphere devoid o the colonial structurs in the centre o toun.[2][3] Trash collection is still done bi donkey cart in a nummer o auries o the ceety.[3] The ceety haes ane the heichest creeme rates in the State o Mexico.[4]

Housomeivver, the ceety is hame o the Orquesta Sinfónica Infantil y Banda Sinfónica de Nezahualcóyotl ("Junior Symphony Orchestra an Symphony Baund o Nezahualcóyotl") an aw, creatit in 1998. It is componit o 45 members rangin in age frae 6 to 17 years. It is the anerly organization o its teep in the State o Mexico. It haes wan various awairds, includin the "Premio estatal de la juventud 2002" (State Youth Prize o 2002). The orchestra haes performit ower 200 times, maist o these concerts ootside o the ceety itsel. It is directit bi Roberto Sánchez Chavez.[5]

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Entrance tae the main campus o UTN

Universidad Tecnológica de Nezahualcóyotl (UTN) (Technological Varsity o Nezahualcóyotl), [1] wis creatit bi the Congress o the State o Mexico in 1991 as pairt o the Subsistema de Universidades Tecnológicas o Mexico. The institution affers sax twa-year degrees in Admeenistration, Commerce, Computer Science, Processes o production, Environmental Technologie an Telematics. The campus haes extensive sports facilities includes a volleybaw court, an Olympic-sisit puil an a profeesional fitbaw stadium.[6]

Facultad de Estudios Superiores Aragón, UNAM. FES-Aragón (Faculty o Superior Studies – Aragón UNAM, pairt o the decentralisation program o the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. This campus is designed for atween fifteen an twinty thoosan students. FES-Aragón affers twal degrees in Airchitectur, Jurnalism, Law, Industrial Design, Economics, Ceevil Ingineerin, Computer Ingineerin, Mechanical Ingineerin, Electrical Ingineerin, Pedagogie, Agropecuario Development an Plannin, Internaitional Relations an Sociologie. It affers a nummer o graduate degrees an aw. The campus conteens an Computer Centre, an Open Varsity an a Foreign Leid Centre.[7]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mexico Ceety Metro Line B Buenavista-Ciudad Azteca:Nezahualcóyotl, Impulsora, Río de los Remedios

Mexibus Line 3 Chimalhuacán-Pantitlán: Las Torres, Bordo de Xochiaca, Rancho Grande, Las Mañanitas, Rayito del Sol, General Vicente Villada, El Castillito, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Palacio Municipal, Adolfo López Mateos, Lago de Chapala, Nezahualcóyotl, Virgencitas, Vicente Riva Palacio, Maravillas, El Barquito

Neza York/New York[eedit | eedit soorce]

Till the 2000s, maist migrants tae the Unitit States, especially tae places like New York, wur frae poor landwart auries. Housomeivver, syne the turn o the century, anither wave o immigrants is comin frae poor urban auries such as Ciudad Neza. These immigrants tend tae be younger an better eddicatit than their landwart coonterpairts, an tend tae keep separate frae thaim an aw. This is bringin intae existence a new Mexican subcultur cried "Neza York" distinguished bi dress, speech an the likeliheid o learnin Inglis. Businesses wi names like Tacos Neza an Neza Grocery hae appeared in New York Ceety.[3]

The municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ceety o Netzahualcoyotl's location athin the State o Mexico

The ceety o Nezahualcóyotl is nearly co extensive wi the municipality o Nezahualcóyotl wi 99.46% o the municipality's population o 1,110,565 (as o 2010) livin athin the ceety limits. Anerly sax localities are considered tae be ootside the ceety proper: Colonia Gustavo Baz Prada, Ciudad Jardín, Relleno Sanitario Nezahualcóyotl Segundo, Polígonos, Escuela Laura Riojas de Colosio an 17 de Junio, but the ceety functions as the local govrenment for these commonties. It is the seicont maist populous municipality in the State o Mexico, juist belaw Ecatepec, an the nint lairgest in the kintra.[8] It lees at 2,220 meters abuin sea level.[2]

The municipality is locatit in the east o the Valley o Mexico an is pairt o Greater Mexico Ceety. The municipality borders the municipalities o Ecatepec de Morelos, La Paz, Chimalhuacán an San Salvador Atenco in the State o Mexico. Tae the wast an sooth, it borders the burgh o Gustavo A. Madero, Venustiano Carranza, Iztapalapa an Iztacalco o Mexico Ceety an at the northwast it borders the remains o the Federal Zone o Loch Texcoco.[2]

The municipality haes a territory o 63.44 km2, 81% o which is occupee'd bi the ceety, which consists o 86 neebourheids cried colonias. The rest is pairt o the Federal Zone o the Ex-Basin o Texcoco. The municipality is flat wi anerly ane elevation readin 1,220 metres abuin sea level. The Los Remedios an a buist o the Churubusco River run throu here. At the far northeast is a remnant o Loch Texcoco an a airtificial loch wis built here as pairt o the Parque del Puebla tae serve as a ecological reserve. The climate is temperate wi a fairly cauld winter an rain maistly fawin atween Juin an October. Average temperatur is aboot 15C wi temperaturs as heich as 34C an as law as −5C. The aurie haes little tae nae native wild flora an fauna due tae the fact that it wis unnerwater till the 20t century an the aurie is nearly completely urbanisit. Housomeivver, in winter a nummer o bird species such as cranes an storks pass throu.[2]

Acause o it urban natur, thare is nae agricultur in the aurie an livestock production is minimal, restrictit tae the vera northeastren edges o the municipality an anerly for auto-consumption. The economy o the municipality is maistly based on commerce, employin ower 90% o the population. The seicont major employer is industry, maistly microindustries.[2]

Neebourheids (Colonias in Spainyie)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Localities (ceeties, touns, an veelages) are:[8]

Name 2010 Census population
Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl 1,104,585
Colonia Gustavo Baz Prada 3,291
Polígonos 2,482
Ciudad Jardín 91
Nezahualcóyotl Segundo [Relleno Sanitario] 64
17 de Junio 34
Laura Riojas de Colosio [schoouil] 18
Total municipality 1,110,565

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Poniatowska, Elena (12 May 2005). "Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl". La Jornada (in Spanish) (Mexico City: UNAM). Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named encmuc
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named kugel
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named violencia
  5. "Orquesta Sinfónica Infantil de Nezahualcóyotl (OSIN) y Banda Sinfónica de Nezahualcóyotl." [Children's Symphony Orchestra of Nezahualcóyotl and Symphonic Band of Nezahualcóyotl] (in Spanish). Cd Nezahualcóyotl, Mexico: Municipality of Nezahualcóyotl. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
  6. "Universidad Tecnológica de Nezahualcóyotl (UTN)" [Technical University of Nezahualcóyotl] (in Spanish). Cd Nezahualcóyotl, Mexico: Municipality of Nezahualcóyotl. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
  7. "Facultad de Estudios Superiores Aragón, UNAM. FES-Aragón" [Faculty of Superior Studies- Aragón UNAM. FES-Aragon] (in Spanish). Cd Nezahualcóyotl, Mexico: Municipality of Nezahualcóyotl. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 2010 census tables: INEGI