Huixquilucan

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Huixquilucan de Degollado
Toun & Municipality
Huixquilucan is located in Mexico
Huixquilucan de Degollado
Huixquilucan de Degollado
Coordinates: 19°21′40″N 99°21′03″W / 19.36111°N 99.35083°W / 19.36111; -99.35083
Kintra Banner o Mexico Mexico
State State o Mexico
Municipal Status 1846
Government
 • Municipal Preses Carlos Iriarte (2012-2015)
Elevationo seat 2,726 m (8,944 ft)
Population (2010)Municipality
 • Municipality 242,167
 • Seat 9,554
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code (of seat) 52760
Website (Spainyie)www.huixquilucan.gob.mx

Huixquilucan is a toun an municipality in the State o Mexico, Mexico. It lees adjacent tae the wast side o the Federal Destrict (Distrito Federal) an is pairt o Greater Mexico Ceety but unthirlt o. The name 'Huixquilucan' comes frae Nahuatl meanin, 'place full o edible thistles.[1]

The toun[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipal seat o govrenment is in the sma toun o Huixquilucan de Degollado wi a population 9,554 in 2010,[2] awtho the lairgest commonty is actually (population 121,470) the adjoinin ceety o Naucalpan de Juárez which extends intae Huixquilucan. Besides Naucalpan, thare are three ither localities that are lairger than the municipal seat an aw. Huixquilucan haed 242,167 inhabitants at the time o the 2010 Census in Mexico.

Jesuits foondit a schuil o indigenous leids here in 1580 in the veelage which wis then cried San Antonio Huixquilucan, takkin advantage o a parish left vacant bi the daith o its umwhile priest. The Jesuits wur then able tae preach in the Otomi, Mazahua an Matlazinca leids. Housomeivver, the schuil wis later muivit tae Tepotzotlán.[1]

The toun wis offeecially declared in 1875, bi a decree appruivit on 15 Aprile o that year wi the name "Villa de Degollado" an declared the seat o the municipality o Huixquilucan in the Destrict o Lerma on the follaein day.[1]

The municipality o Huixquilucan[eedit | eedit soorce]

As municipal seat, Huixquilucan de Degollado haes govrenin jurisdiction ower the follaein ither commonties (localities): Agua Bendita, Agua Blanca, Agua de Santo, Arenal, Barrio de Canales, Barrio de San Ramón, Barrio del Río, Barrio la Manzana (La Rinconada), Bosque Real Segunda Sección, Bosques del Torreón, Cerro de San Francisco, Dos Ríos, Ejido Magdalena Chichicaspa (Las Campanitas), El Cerrito, El Escobal, El Guarda (Puerto el Guarda), El Hielo, El Laurel, El Manzano, El Mirasol, El Obraje, El Palacio, El Retiro, El Vivero (Rancho Viejo), El Xiguiro, Huiloteapan (San José Huiloteapan), Ignacio Allende, Jesús del Monte, La Cañada, La Capilla, La Cima, La Cumbre, La Glorieta, Llanito del Tejocote (Rancho los Gavilanes), Llano Grande (San Miguel Llano Grande), Lomas de Zacamulpa (Paraje de Tabaxhu), Magdalena Chichicaspa, Naucalpan de Juárez, Paraje el Mirador, Paraje el Rayo, Paraje la Cañada, Paraje la Carabina, Paraje la Pera, Paraje San Miguel, Paraje Toshte, Paraje Trejo (El Chaparral), Piedra Grande, Piedra Larga, Rancho los Pavorreales, Rancho Luis, Rancho Santa María, San Bartolomé Coatepec, San Cristóbal Texcalucan, San Francisco Ayotuzco, San Jacinto, San Juan Yautepec, Santa Cruz Ayotuzco, Santiago Yancuitlalpan, Santuario el Cerrito (La Capilla), Sudo, an Zacamulpa.

The municipality haes an aurie o 143.52 km² (55.41 sq mi) wi a total population o 242,167 people at the 2010 census. It borders (coonter-clockwise frae north) the municipalities o Naucalpan, Lerma, Ocoyoacac, an the burghs o Cuajimalpa an Miguel Hidalgo o the Distrito Federal (Mexico Ceety). As o 2005 2.5% o the municipality's population speaks an indigenous leid.[2]

Touns an veelages[eedit | eedit soorce]

Interlomas destrict in Huixquilucan
Law income hoosin in El Hielo, Huixquilucan in the ootskirts o Mexico Ceety
Paseo Interlomas Shoppin maw

The lairgest localities (ceeties, touns, an veelages) are:[2]

Name 2010 Census Population
Naucalpan de Juárez (pairt) 121,470
Jesús del Monte 23,150
Magdalena Chichicaspa 12,193
Santiago Yancuitlalpan 10,013
Huixquilucan de Degollado 9,554
Zacamulpa 7,097
San Bartolomé Coatepec 5,021
Santa Cruz Ayotuzco 4,952
San Juan Yautepec 4,374
Dos Ríos 4,249
Total Municipality 242,167

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Afore the Spainyie Conquest, the aurie wis kent as Cuautlalpan or Sierra de Las Cruces, an wis inhabitit bi the Otomis. They oreeginally livit in the heichlands, gatherin the abundant vegetation an huntin rabbits, hares, armadillos, deer an raccoons. Several crude templos hae been foond which wur dedicatit tae the gods Makata (god o the muntains) an Makame (god o rain an fertility, representit bi flouers). Adoratorios dedicatit tae a god cried Otontecutli are foond in the caves, monoliths an sacred rocks o the upper elevations. These fowk wur conquered a nummer o times, includin bi the Olmecs, the Nahuatlacs an bi the region o Tlacopan afore bein conquered bi the Aztec Triple Alliance an then, o course, the Spaniards.[1]

Tradeetion states that the emperor Moctezuma Xocoyotzin likit the aurie so hintle that he haed a palace constructed in wha is nou the neebourheid o Tecpan.[1]

Efter the Spainyie Conquest, the history o the aurie at first wis tee'd wi Hernán Cortés. Cortés exertit his authority indirectly throu the caciques o the aurie an throu the Encomienda Tacuba, tae which Huixquilucan belangit. Later, the aurie wad be unner the control o various Spaniards like Primer Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza an indigenous rulers like Totoquiahuatzin, the govrenor o Tlacopan. Durin this time, the aurie wis bein evangelisit an the tradeetional tribute wis bein paid while the aurie wis bein redistributit wi new names o Christian saunts.

The municipality wis establisht on 21 October 1846. In auncient times its territory haed been inhabitit bi Otomi, Tepanec, Mexica an Acolhua populations.

Syne 1960, the municipality o Huixquilucan haes experienced explosive growthe in population an infrastructur acause o its proximity tae Mexico Ceety. Ane o the first expansions wis the construction o the "Fraccionamiento" (subdivision) o La Herradura, which haes subsequently grown.

Durin Alfredo del Mazo's admeenistration, the toun increased it's public debt.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Huixquilucan". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2010 census tables: INEGI
  3. http://www.eluniversaledomex.mx/huixquilucan/nota27640.html

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]