Banner o the Soviet Union

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Flag of the Soviet Union.svg

The banner o the Soviet Union consistit o a plain red flag, wi a cross-peen hammer crossed wi a sickle (the hammer an sickle) an a red starn in the upper canton. The hammer an sickle seembolized the naition's wirkers an peasants while the red starn representit the rule o the Communist Pairty.

The first flag wi the red starn, hammer an sickle wis adoptit on November 12, 1923. In 1955, a statute on the flag wis adoptit which resultit in a chynge o the hammer's handle length andthe shape o the sickle. A final modification tae the flag wis adoptit in 1980 in which the color wis brichtened tae licht red. The flag continued tae be a naitional flag till the collapse o the Soviet Union.

Seembolism an design[eedit | eedit soorce]

The color red haes aaways been positive in the Roushie cultur. The wird red (Roushie: красный‎, krasny) is etymologically relatit wi the Roushie wirds for vera guid an bonnie. This can an aa be seen in Moscow’s Red Square an the Roushie Orthodox festivity, Red Easter.

It is said that the red field is seembolism o the blood that haes been spilled bi wirkers an farmers. It honors the red flag o the Paris Commune o 1871.[1] The ideology o communism can be seen frae the flag. The red starn an hammer an sickle represent communism an socialism. The flag o the Soviet Union consistit o a plain red flag. A gowd hammer is crossed wi a gowd sickle which are placed beneath o a gowd-bordered red starn. This seembol is then placed in the upper left canton o the red flag.

The hammer seembolizes the naition's industrial wirkers (proletarians) while the sickle seembolizes the naition's agricultural wirkers (peasants)—who thegither formed the state. The red starn representit the rule o the Communist Pairty. The back side o the flag is offeecially juist red, athoot the seembols. Housomeivver, in practice, the flag wis uisually made through an through an thus the seembols usually appeared on the reverse side an in the reverse order.[2]

The flag's design wis statuted in 1955, which gave a clear way tae define an create the flag. This resultit in a chynge o the hammer's handle length an the shape o the sickle. The adoptit statute stated that:[3]

  1. The ratio o width tae length o the flag is 1:2.
  2. Hammer an sickle are in a square wi sides equal tae ¼ o the flag height. Sharp tip o the sickle lies in the center o the upper side o the square, handles o hammer an sickle rest in bottom corners o the square. Length o the hammer an its handle is ¾ o the square diagonal.
  3. Five-pointit starn is inscribed intae a circle wi a diameter o ⅛ o the flag heicht, the circle is tangent tae the upper side o the square.
  4. Distance o the vertical axis o starn, hammer an sickle frae the flagstaff is ⅓ o the flag heicht. Distance frae the upper side o the flag tae the center o the starn is ⅛ o the flag heicht.

The final design o the flag wis adoptit in 1980. The design wis kept the same except that the backgrund color wis chynged. The color wis brichtened frae a near-burgundy crimson tae a licht tae medium red.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Story of the Red Flag", Revolution, 05-19-2006. Retrieved 12-02-2007.
  2. Victor Lomantsov (2002-11-30). "Reverse of the flag". FOTW.net. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  3. USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium (19 August 1955). "Положение о государственном флаге СССР" (in Russian). Retrieved 2008-11-05.