Bananae is the common name for a fruit an the herbaceous plaunts o the genus Musa whit mak this commonly eten fruit. They are hameart tae the tropical airts o Southeast Asie. Bananaes are likely tae hae been first domesticatit i Papua New Guinea. The day, they are cultivatit thro-out the tropics.
Bananae plaunts are o the faimlie Musaceae. They are cultivatit maistly for their fruit, an tae a wee-er extent for the makkin o fibre an as ornamental plaunts. As the bananae plaunts are for ordinar stilpert an fairly sturdy they are aften mistakt for trees, bit their main or upricht stem is actually a pseudostem (literally "fake stem"). For some speshes this pseudostem can reach a hicht o up tae 2–8 m, wi leafs o up tae 3.5 m in lenth. Each pseudostem can mak a bunch o yellow, green or even reid bananaes afore dyin an bein replaced bi anither pseudostem.
The bananae fruit grow in hangin clusters, wi up tae 20 fruit tae a tier (cried a haud), an 3-20 tiers tae a bunch. The total o the hangin clusters is kent as a bunch, or commercially as a "bananae stem", an can weich fae 30–50 kg. The fruit averages 125 g, o whit aboot 75% is watter an 25% dry matter content. Each individual fruit (kent as a bananae or 'finger') haes a protective ooter layer (a peel or skin) wi a fleshy edible inner portion. Baith skin an inner part can be etten raw or cookt. Westren cultures generally eat the inside raw an thraw awa the skin whilst some Asien cultures generally eat baith the skin an inside cookt. Typically, the fruit haes monie strings (cried 'phloem bundles') whit run atween the skin an inner part. Bananaes are a valuable soorce o vitamin B6, vitamin C, an potassium.
- "Tracin antiquity o bananae cultivation in Papua New Guinea". The Australia & Pacific Science Foundation. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
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